The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development

http://scholarworks.arcadia.edu/agsjournal

List of Papers (Total 42)

Japan's “comfort women”: No end to the struggle

In 2010 two basic questions remained unresolved. Did the Comfort Women number in the hundreds, or in the hundreds of thousands? Were the Comfort Women enslaved by private local enterprises, or by the Japanese military following instructions from the Japanese Government?

Gay Rights and U.S. Foreign Aid: A Look at Nigeria and Uganda

The LGBT community is explicitly targeted in many areas of the world through discriminatory state policies and practices including lengthy imprisonment and death. Research examining the relationship between foreign aid and human rights conditions has yet to fully situate gay rights within the aid allocation relationship. In 2011, President Obama issued a memo directing U.S...

Lecture Transcript: Ambassador Bolewski-Oxford Speaking Notes

Ambassador Wilfried Bolewski, who teaches the Diplomacy and International Law classes at AGS was invited by Oxford University to give a Public Lecture on “Diplomacy and Crises: A practitioner’s insight and outlook” in the Global Governance and Diplomacy Public Speaker Series on February 9, 2015. “I am looking forward to this academic venue to explore new perspectives for the role...

Lecture Transcript: Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

On 4 February 2015, Ms. Koonce was invited to the American Graduate School in Paris (AGS) to give a lecture as part of the AGS’s continued work on violence against women, with a discussion on female genital mutilation (FGM). The following is the transcript of her speech.

Engaging Global Civil Society: Shifting Normative Frameworks, Moral Diplomacy, & the Future of International Relations

The following exposition outlines a synthesized account of diplomatic relations in the 21st century, highlighting the crucial importance of engaging the Global Civil Society (NGOs and civil society) in an age of global communication, and stressing the importance of the development of a new system of diplomacy, drawing upon the best elements of existent theories. A comparative...

U.S. Pakistan Relations during the Cold War

Since the end of British India’s colonial rule in 1947 and the subsequent partition of the South Asian subcontinent, Pakistan’s foreign policy has been driven largely by geopolitical and ideological concerns. Located at the crossroads of the Middle East and South Asia, and relatively close to the Soviet Union (USSR) and Europe, Pakistan emerged not only as a potential bridge...

Waging War on the Citizen: State Sovereignty, Citizen Death and the War on Terror

One of the defining features of the contemporary era is the occurrence of non-localized warfare, in which the enemy can be considered fluid and always changing. The above quote reminds us that history has provided multiple examples of how wars are apt to change and shift the foundations of states; but there is something unique to be said about the qualities of modern war and the...

Overview of the Diplomatic Landscape

This essay outlines a so-called paradigm shift that is occurring in regard to diplomacy and global politics in general. This is a paradigm shift away from the nation-state towards both non-state actors and individuals, and towards regional and global movements and organizations. In terms of diplomacy, this is seen as moving away from the images of old men in striped pants at...