Natural Products and Bioprospecting

http://link.springer.com/journal/13659

List of Papers (Total 281)

Anti-oral Microbial Flavanes from Broussonetia papyrifera Under the Guidance of Bioassay

A new flavane, bropapyriferol (1), and eleven known ones were isolated from the EtOAc part of Broussonetia papyrifera under the guidance of bioassay. The structure of compound 1 was determined by extensive 1D and 2D NMR, [α]D spectroscopic data and quantum computation. Daphnegiravan F (2) and 5,7,3′,4′-tetrahydroxy-3-methoxy-8,5′-diprenylflavone (3) showed significantly anti-oral...

Brevipedicelones D and E, Two C–O–C Flavonoid Dimmers from the Leaves of Garcinia brevipedicellata and Anti-onchocercal Activity

A novel isoflavone–chromone flavonoid C–O–C dimmer, brevipedicelone D (1), along with one new C–O–C biflavonoid derivative, brevipedicelone E (2), were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of the leaves of Garcinia brevipedicellata, a medicinal plant used in folk medicine in parts of Cameroon. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic techniques, including 1D...

New Dammarane Triterpenoids, Caffruones A–D, from the Cherries of Coffea arabica

In present study, four new dammarane-type triterpenoids, namely caffruones A–D (1–4), were isolated from the cherries of Coffea arabica. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis including 1D, 2D NMR (HSQC, HMBC, 1H–1H COSY, and ROESY), HRMS and IR spectra. This is the first time that tetracyclic triterpenes have been reported in genus Coffea.Graphical...

Amides, Isoquinoline Alkaloids and Dipeptides from the Aerial Parts of Piper mullesua

One undescribed amide, pipermullesine A, two undescribed isoquinoline alkaloids, pipermullesines B and C, and six undescribed dipeptides, pipermullamides A–F, along with 28 known compounds, were isolated from the aerial parts of Piper mullesua. The structures of the undescribed compounds were elucidated based on the analysis of 1D and 2D NMR and MS data. Furthermore, the...

Fruits as Prospective Reserves of bioactive Compounds: A Review

Bioactive natural products have always played a significant role as novel therapeutical agents irrespective of their source of origin. They have a profound effect on human health by both direct and indirect means and also possess immense medicinal properties. Fruit species are largely appreciated and highly consumed throughout the world. Epidemiologic information supports the...

An Explorer of Chemical Biology of Plant Natural Products in Southwest China, Xiaojiang Hao

Xiaojiang Hao, who obtained Master Degree from Kunming Institute of Botany (KIB), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in 1985, and Doctor in Pharmacy degree in Pharmacy from Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, in 1990, was born in Chongqing in July, 1951. In 1991, he returned to KIB, CAS, as an Associate professor and served as the chair of the Department of...

Small-Molecule Targets in Tumor Immunotherapy

Cancer immunotherapy has been widely recognized as a powerful approach to fight cancers. To date, over 50 phase III trials in cancer immunotherapy are in progress. Among the many immunotherapy approaches, immune checkpoint therapy has attracted considerable attention. The reported clinical success of targeting the T cell immune checkpoint receptors PD-1 or CTLA4 by antibodies...

Application of Metabolomics in the Study of Natural Products

LC–MS-based metabolomics could have a major impact in the study of natural products, especially in its metabolism, toxicity and activity. This review highlights recent applications of metabolomics approach in the study of metabolites and toxicity of natural products, and the understanding of their effects on various diseases. Metabolomics has been employed to study the in vitro...

Residual Dipolar Couplings in Structure Determination of Natural Products

The determination of natural products stereochemistry remains a formidable task. Residual dipolar couplings (RDCs) induced by anisotropic media are a powerful tool for determination of the stereochemistry of organic molecule in solution. This review will provide a short introduction on RDCs-based methodology for the structural elucidation of natural products. Special attention is...

Medicinal Plant Using Ground State Stabilization of Natural Antioxidant Curcumin by Keto-Enol Tautomerisation

Curcumin is a medicinal agent that exhibits anti-cancer properties and bioactive pigment in Turmeric has a huge therapeutic value. It has a keto-enol moiety that gives rise to many of its chemical properties. A recent study has shown that keto-enol tautomerisation at this moiety is implicated the effect of curcumin. The tautomerisation of curcumin in methanol, acetone and...

Two New Alkaloids from Fusarium tricinctum SYPF 7082, an Endophyte from the Root of Panax notoginseng

Panax notoginseng (Araliaceae) is a famous traditional Chinese medicine mainly cultivated in Yunnan and Guangxi provinces of China. Two new alkaloids, rigidiusculamide E (1) and [-(α-oxyisohexanoyl-N-methyl-leucyl)2-] (2), together with two known ones, (−)-oxysporidinone (3) and (−)-4,6′-anhydrooxysporidinone (4) were isolated from the mycelia culture of Fusarium tricinctum SYPF...

Assessment of Expression Cassettes and Culture Media for Different Escherichia coli Strains to Produce Astaxanthin

Astaxanthin is a value-added ketocarotenoid with great potential in nutraceutical and pharmaceutical industries. Genetic engineering of heterologous hosts for astaxanthin production has attracted great attention. In this study, we assessed some key factors, including codon usage of the expressed genes, types of promoters, bacterial strains, and culture media, for engineered...

(±)-Zanthonitidine A, a Pair of Enantiomeric Furoquinoline Alkaloids from Zanthoxylum nitidum with Antibacterial Activity

A pair of new enantiomeric furoquinoline alkaloids, (±)-zanthonitidine A (1), together with nine known ones (2–10) were isolated from the radix of Zanthoxylum nitidum. Their chemical structures were elucidated based on the extensive spectroscopic analysis. The racemic mixture of 1 was separated by chiral column chromatography, and the absolute configurations of (+)-1 and (−)-1...

Antitumor Triterpenoid Saponin from the Fruits of Avicennia marina

The fruits of Avicennia marina are widely used for both medicine and food in Guangxi of China. As a part of our continuous effort to search for bioactive molecules from the plant, the fruits of A. marina were investigated, which has led to one new triterpenoid saponin (1) and 29 known compounds been isolated and their structures were established by using spectroscopic methods and...

Three New Heptelidic Acid Derivatives from the Culture of Mushroom Lentinellus ursinus

Three new heptelidic acid derivatives (1–3) including two new dimeric esters and two known heptelidic acid analogues (4 and 5) were isolated from the solid culture of mushroom Lentinellus ursinus. The structures of new compounds were confirmed by the analysis of NMR and HRESIMS spectroscopic data. The biosynthetic origin of compounds 1–5 was postulated. Compounds 1–5 exhibited no...

Anti-TMV Effects of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids Isolated from the Bulbs of Lycoris radiata and Lycoricidine Derivatives

Fifteen known amaryllidaceae alkaloids were isolated from the bulbs of Lycoris radiata. Some of the compounds and lycoricidine derivatives had been screened for the activities against tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) by the conventional half-leaf method. Lycoricidine derivatives were also carried out the assay of effect on systemic infection of TMV by western-blot and RT-PCR analysis...

Three New Indole Alkaloids from Tabernaemontana divaricata

Three new monoterpene indole alkaloids, 3α-hydroxymethyl-ibogamine (1), 3α-acetatemethoxyl-ibogamine (2), 16α-hydroxyl-ibogamine (3) together with six known alkaloids were isolated from the branches and leaves of Tabernaemontana divaricata (Apocynaceae). The structures of these alkaloids were determined by spectroscopic analyses. All isolated compounds showed no significant...

Meroterpenoids from Ganoderma Species: A Review of Last Five Years

Meroterpenoids are hybrid natural products that partially originate from the terpenoid pathway. Ganoderma meroterpenoids (GMs) are a type of meroterpenoids containing a 1,2,4-trisubstituted phenyl and a polyunsaturated terpenoid part. Over last 5 years, great efforts have been made to conduct phytochemistry research on the genus Ganoderma, which have led to the isolation and...

In Vitro Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Activities of 18 Plants from the Erkowit Region, Eastern Sudan

We investigated the antioxidant potential and cytotoxicity towards human CCRF-CEM leukemia cells of 57 extracts obtained from 18 plants collected in the Erkowit region, eastern Sudan. The antioxidant activity was determined by measuring the radical scavenging effects against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylendiamine (DMPD), metal-chelation capacity...

Cannabinomimetric Lipids: From Natural Extract to Artificial Synthesis

Endocannabinoid system is related with various physiological and cognitive processes including fertility, pregnancy, during pre- and postnatal development, pain-sensation, mood, appetite, and memory. In the latest decades, an important milestone concerning the endocannabinoid system was the discovery of the existence of the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2. Anandamide was the...

Anemhupehins A–C, Podocarpane Diterpenoids from Anemone hupehensis

Three new podocarpane diterpenoids, namely anemhupehins A–C (1–3), together with four known analogues (4–7), have been isolated from aerial parts of Anemone hupehensis. Their structures were characterized based on extensive spectroscopic data. Compounds 1 and 4 showed certain cytotoxicities against human cancer cell lines.Graphical Abstract Open image in new window