Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul

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List of Papers (Total 26)

A entrevista motivacional em tabagistas: uma revisão teórica

Smoking is one of the main causes of premature death worldwide. It is also an addiction that requires a difficult treatment. One approach that has been used to treat tobacco addiction is motivational interview, based on the transtheorical model proposed by Prochaska & Di Clemente. This study aims at performing a theoretical review concerning motivational stages of change and the...

Psicoterapia pais-bebê no contexto de malformação do bebê: repercussões no olhar da mãe acerca do desenvolvimento do bebê

INTRODUCTION: Maternal representations of the infant can be quite distorted when the infant has a malformation. Within this context, there is a need of psychological interventions aimed at helping parents to adapt their psychic representations with the purpose of avoiding projections and conflicts in order to promote the infant's physical and psychic development. In this sense...

Em busca das origens desenvolvimentais dos transtornos mentais

INTRODUCTION: Developmental psychopathology is a discipline that integrates epidemiological, social, genetic, developmental, and psychopathological perspectives to understand the origins and courses of mental disorders. In the present paper, theoretical concepts and approaches applied with the purpose of understanding the developmental origins of mental disorders are discussed...

Abuso e dependência de maconha: comparação entre sexos e preparação para mudanças comportamentais entre usuários que iniciam a busca por tratamento

OBJECTIVES: To describe the social and demographic profile of cannabis users seeking treatment and to compare differences between sex in relation to readiness to behavior change and in relation to associated use of marijuana and other drugs. METHOD: A cross-sectional, descriptive study including a nonprobability sample of individuals who called a chemical dependency hotline...

Avaliação multidimensional do usuário de drogas e a Escala de Gravidade de Dependência

INTRODUCTION: Before initiating any treatment for substance abuse, the assessment of problems related to the consumption of those substances is of paramount importance. Considering the complexity of this evaluation, the instrument most widely used in the present days for a multidimensional approach to these patients is the Addiction Severity Index (ASI). OBJECTIVE: The present...

Resenha do livro Psicoterapia interpessoal: guia prático do terapeuta

This book is aimed at those professionals who provide mental health services. According to its preface, it was written based on a method of psychotherapeutic treatment developed over a 30-year period and called interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT). This method was initially aimed at major depression, but later it was adapted to other complex psychiatric disorders such as borderline...

Eating disorders among health science students at a university in southern Brazil

OBJECTIVES: To analyze eating disorders among female university students and to assess the frequency of bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, and inappropriate weight loss strategies in this population. METHODS: The sample comprised 214 female university students attending different health science programs at a university in southern Brazil, aged over 18 years, assessed using self...

Avaliação da qualidade de vida de acadêmicos de graduação em Enfermagem do primeiro e quarto anos: influência das variáveis sociodemográficas

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life of undergraduate students from a nursing course in a public university in the State of Paraná, Brazil, correlating with sociodemographic variables, and to compare undergraduate students from first and fourth years. METHOD: This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. Thirty...

Prevalência de transtorno depressivo maior em centro de referência no tratamento de hipertensão arterial

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of major depression disorders in hypertensive patients enrolled in a university reference center for treatment of hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional, descriptive study of a representative randomized sample of patients, obtained according to a systematic protocol, among individuals enrolled for...

Adaptação transcultural do Inventory of Countertransference Behavior (ICB) para o português brasileiro

OBJECTIVE: This article presents a cross-cultural adaptation of the Inventory of Countertransference Behavior into Brazilian Portuguese. The Inventory of Countertransference Behavior is a 21-item scale designed to assess countertransferential behavior. This scale, which should be completed by the supervisor after a supervised session, comprehends countertransference and its...

Tradução e adaptação de questionários norte-americanos para a avaliação de habilidades e conhecimentos na prática psiquiátrica brasileira

INTRODUCTION: The Brazilian literature does not make reference to standardized instruments and guidelines aimed at the assessing psychiatric teaching and practice. As a contribution to the theme, the authors of the present study translated and adapted a North American instrument designed to evaluate skills and knowledge in the psychiatric practice. The objectives of this study...

Relato do uso de clozapina em 56 pacientes atendidos pelo Programa de Atenção à Esquizofrenia Refratária da Secretaria da Saúde e do Meio Ambiente do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul

INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia is a chronic severe psychiatric disease causing major psychological, social and working deficiencies. Typical neuroleptics are widely used, but often produce incomplete responses, toxicity and adverse effects on motricity. Clozapine was a significant development. It is effective in treating 30-61% of the psychotic symptoms with minimal adverse effects...

Prevalência de sintomas depressivos em uma amostra de prostitutas de Porto Alegre

INTRODUCTION: the prevalence of depressive disorders in the female population in Porto Alegre was estimated to be 14.5%. There are no reports on the prevalence of depressive symptoms or depressive disorders among prostitutes that are a group at risk for mental disorders. OBJECTIVES: the main purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of depressive symptoms and to...

Fobia social e transtorno de pânico: relação temporal com dependência de substâncias psicoativas

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is: 1) to determine the prevalence of panic disorder and social phobia in patients hospitalized due to the use of psychoactive substances; 2) to determine the temporal relation between the beginning of these anxiety disorders and the beginning of the use of psychoactive substances. METHODS: The psychiatric diagnoses were made by means of...