International Journal of Polymer Science

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijps/

List of Papers (Total 1,186)

Dynamic Rheological Investigation during Curing of a Thermoset Polythiourethane System

A polythiourethane thermoset system based on a diisocyanate and a trithiol was investigated by dynamic rheological measurements. Strain sweep was performed to determine the linear elastic region of the thermosetting system. The changes of characteristic parameters including elastic modulus, viscous modulus, and complex viscosity were recorded in a heating ramp to trace the cross...

A Study on the Adjustment of Emulsification Degree to Interlayer Interference in Class III Reservoir

Emulsions play an important role in enhancing oil recovery during the reservoir flooding process. In order to reveal the profile control ability and the effect of adjustments to the interlayer interference during the migration of the emulsion in the porous media, a stable emulsion system and an alkali-surfactant-polymer (ASP) system were selected to simulate the underground...

Highly Porous pH-Responsive Carboxymethyl Chitosan-Grafted-Poly (Acrylic Acid) Based Smart Hydrogels for 5-Fluorouracil Controlled Delivery and Colon Targeting

In the present investigation, new formulations of CMCS/AA hydrogels with varying composition of Carboxymethyl chitosan, acrylic acid, and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) were prepared by free radical polymerization technique using benzoyl peroxide as catalyst. The bioavailability of 5-FU through the oral route is very limited owing to its rapid metabolism and clearance...

Improving Functional Properties of Cassava Starch-Based Films by Incorporating Xanthan, Gellan, or Pullulan Gums

The effect of the partial substitution of cassava starch in edible films for 10 and 20 wt% of gellan, xanthan, or pullulan gums was analysed in films obtained by casting. The tensile properties, barrier capacity to water vapour, and oxygen and water sorption isotherms of the samples were analysed. The blend of starch with gellan gum was effective to reduce the moisture sorption...

A Comparison Study of Antiultraviolet and Sustained Release Properties of Polydopamine/Avermectin Microcapsule and Microsphere

By using dopamine (DA) as the monomer, the model drug avermectin (AVM) was loaded on polydopamine microspheres (AVM/PDAMS) and polydopamine microcapsules (AVM@PDAMC) by the method of impregnation and encapsulation, respectively. The materials’ structures were systematically characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), zeta potential analysis, scanning...

Phosphorus Flame Retardants for Polymeric Materials from Gallic Acid and Other Naturally Occurring Multihydroxybenzoic Acids

The development of polymer and polymer additives from renewable biosources is becoming increasingly prominent. This reflects increasing concerns about sustainability, environmental quality, and human health. Bioproducts produced in nature are generally inexpensive and benign in the environment. Moreover, degradation of derivatives does not yield toxic products. Gallic acid (3,4,5...

Viscoelastic and Textural Characteristics of Gels Obtained from Potato Starch Roasted under Several Temperature-Time Conditions

The influence of roasting conditions on the potato starch (PS) composition, solubility, crystallinity, gel-forming thermal profiles, and texture of the corresponding gels was studied. Thermorheological testing of roasted starches with (RPS) and without (RPSI) the soluble fraction was conducted on a stress-controlled rheometer. Texture profile analysis (TPA) was used to determine...

Viscoelastic and Textural Characteristics of Gels Obtained from Potato Starch Roasted under Several Temperature-Time Conditions

The influence of roasting conditions on the potato starch (PS) composition, solubility, crystallinity, gel-forming thermal profiles, and texture of the corresponding gels was studied. Thermorheological testing of roasted starches with (RPS) and without (RPSI) the soluble fraction was conducted on a stress-controlled rheometer. Texture profile analysis (TPA) was used to determine...

Ecofriendly Isolation of Cellulose from Eucalyptus lenceolata: A Novel Approach

This study reports the extraction of cellulose by means of an environment-friendly multistep procedure involving alkaline treatment and totally chlorine-free bleaching. The multistep process begins with the removal of pectin, cutin, waxes, and other extractives from Eucalyptus lenceolata straw, followed by the removal of hemicelluloses and lignin using an alkaline treatment, and...

Preparation and Application in Drug Storage and Delivery of Agarose Nanoparticles

In this work, monodisperse agarose gel nanoparticles were prepared using a W/O microemulsion as a template to control the size of the obtained particles. The combination of this template method with a temperature-induced gelling and a solvent exchange methodology has allowed preparing stable aqueous dispersions of monodisperse agarose gel nanoparticles in water. The average size...

Exploiting the Interplay between Liquid-Liquid Demixing and Crystallization of the PVDF Membrane for Membrane Distillation

Membrane distillation (MD) purifies water by transporting its vapor through a hydrophobic membrane. An ideal MD membrane poses high water flux and high fouling, scaling, and wetting resistances. In this study, we develop polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membranes for MD by focusing on reduction of PVDF degree of crystallinity. We explore the roles of dope solution temperature in...

An Effective Flocculation Method to the Kaolin Wastewater Treatment by a Cationic Polyacrylamide (CPAM): Preparation, Characterization, and Flocculation Performance

P(AM-DMC) (PAD) was synthesized by ultraviolet- (UV-) initiated copolymerization with methacryloxyethyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (DMC) and acrylamide (AM) as the monomers and initiator 2,2-azobis [2-(2-imidazolin-2-yl) propane] dihydrochloride (VA-044) as the photoinitiator. Parameters that affect the molecular weight were reviewed by using the single-factor approach. The...

Side-Chain Polyimides as Binder Polymers for Photolithographic Patterning of a Black Pixel Define Layer for Organic Light Emitting Diode

A pixel define layer (PDL) in an organic light emitting diode (OLED) is patterned using a photolithographic process before the deposition of organic layers on top of ITO anode. If the patterning of PDL on OLED panels can be achieved using a black photoresist, the patterning of black matrix (BM) on top of PDL patterns can be omitted by reducing the reflection of ambient light from...

Comparison of Rheological, Drug Release, and Mucoadhesive Characteristics upon Storage between Hydrogels with Unmodified or Beta-Glycerophosphate-Crosslinked Chitosan

The physicochemical characteristics of beta-glycerophosphate-crosslinked chitosan hydrogels were investigated upon long-term storage at ambient, accelerated, and refrigerated conditions and compared to unmodified chitosan formulations. Additionally, the impact of chitosan modification on the ex vivo mucoadhesive performance in contact with porcine vaginal mucosa and on the drug...

Achyranthes bidentata Polysaccharide along with Anti-IL-5 Antibody Inhibits Allergic Lung Inflammation and Airway Hyperresponsiveness Mice Induced by House Dust Mites

Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease which has become prevalent worldwide. There are millions of new patients and thousands of people die from asthma. Asthma is characterized with infiltration by eosinophils in pulmonary parenchyma, high serum IgE, and cytokines like IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 secreted by allergen-specific T helper cell-2 (Th2) cells. Products of...

Production and Modification of Cellulose Nanocrystals from Agave tequilana Weber Waste and Its Effect on the Melt Rheology of PLA

The production and surface modification of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) from Agave tequilana Weber waste (ATW) and their effect on the melt rheology of PLA were investigated. For that, CNC were obtained from ATW residues by acid hydrolysis and grafted with 2-ethyl hexyl acrylate (2-EHA) to promote compatibility with nonpolar polymers, such as PLA. The morphology of CNC occurred...

Deterministic Approaches for Simulation of Nitroxide-Mediated Radical Polymerization

Since its development in the last decades, controlled radical polymerization (CRP) has become a very promising option for the synthesis of polymers with controlled structure. The design and production of tailor-made materials can be significantly improved by developing models capable of predicting the polymer properties from the operating conditions. Nitroxide-mediated...

Synthesis and Characterization of Semicrystalline Polyimides Containing Bridged Linkages

A series of polyimides (PI) containing bridged linkages were prepared successfully through a three-step technique. The results indicated that the glass transition temperature () of polyimides was affected by flexibility of polymer chain and the intermolecular interactions. ODPA-TPER-based polyimide possesses the lowest , which was 214°C. All polyimides had semicrystalline...

A New Route to Fabricate Multifunctional and Multistage Composite Nanoparticle

The focus of nanoparticle research is on exploring its application in all kinds of field. Among these, multifunctional nanoparticle attracts increasing interest due to its fittest property and adjustable property. Herein, a multifunctional and multistage nanoparticle considering the advantage of both nanogel and pH-responsive property has been designed and synthesized in the...

Synthesis, Characterization, and Anti-Phytopathogen Evaluation of 6-Oxychitosan Derivatives Containing N-Quaternized Moieties in Its Backbone

The structure modification of chitosan has great application potential. 6-Oxychitosan was prepared by specially oxidizing the C6-OH of chitosan, then 6-oxychitosan was reacted with three kinds of aldehydes to prepare N-quaternized 6-oxychitosan derivatives in this paper. The derivatives were characterized by FT-IR, NMR, and elemental analysis. The antimicrobial activity of these...

Biopolymer from Adenanthera pavonina L. Seeds: Characterization, Photostability, Antioxidant Activity, and Biotoxicity Evaluation

Plant polysaccharides have been increasingly employed in the pharmaceutical, industrial, and food environments due to their versatile functional properties. In the present investigation, a heteropolysaccharide galactomannan (GAP) was extracted from Adenanthera pavonina L. seeds and characterized by physicochemical analyses to determine its thermal properties, photostability...

Reinforcing the Structural Stability of Old Nationally Important Trees with FRP Wraps

This study evaluated the structural effects of applying fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) wraps around their trunks to support old trees of national importance. High wind loads such as windstorms or hurricanes represent a major threat to tall trees, and researchers have assessed the structural behaviors of trees under wind loads using both analytical and experimental approaches. As...

CaCO3–Polymer Nanocomposite Prepared with Supercritical CO2

A novel process for generation of a CaCO3–polymer nanocomposite with a controlled three-dimensional shape was developed. Specifically, a nanocomposite with a high CaCO3 content was produced by introducing supercritical CO2 into a polymer matrix containing Ca ions. A mixture of poly(vinyl alcohol), Ca acetate, and poly(acrylic acid) was poured into a mold, the mold was placed in...

A New Route to Fabricate Multifunctional and Multistage Composite Nanoparticle

The focus of nanoparticle research is on exploring its application in all kinds of field. Among these, multifunctional nanoparticle attracts increasing interest due to its fittest property and adjustable property. Herein, a multifunctional and multistage nanoparticle considering the advantage of both nanogel and pH-responsive property has been designed and synthesized in the...

Investigation of the Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Blend Films Based on Hemicelluloses and Cellulose

This study presents an effective and convenient approach to prepare blend films with enhanced mechanical and thermodynamic properties by incorporation of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) into quaternized hemicelluloses (QH). The structures and properties of films were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy...