Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cjidmm/

List of Papers (Total 1,922)

Bacterial and Parasitic Assessment from Fingernails in Debre Markos, Northwest Ethiopia

Background. Food handlers with untrimmed finger nails could contribute or serve as a vehicle for the transmission of food poisoning pathogens. Objectives. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of bacteria and intestinal parasites among food handlers and antibiotic susceptibility profile of the isolated bacteria in Debre Markos University, Ethiopia. Materials and...

Survey of Neisseria gonorrhoeae Antimicrobial Susceptibility in Ontario

The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of penicillin, tetracycline, erythromycin, cefoxitin, ceftriaxone and spectinomycin were determined for 300 consecutive strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae collected from physicians’ offices in Ontario. Only four isolates were found to produce beta-lactamase. Of the remaining 296 isolates, five (1.7%) had penicillin MICs greater than or...

Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae Endocarditis and Presumed Osteomyelitis

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is known to cause infections in humans following exposure to decaying organic matter or animals colonized with the organism, such as swine and fish. Invasive infections with this organism are unusual and are manifested primarily as infective endocarditis. The present report is believed to be the first to report a case of E rhusiopathiae endocarditis...

The Prevalence of Hepatitis A in Children in British Columbia

BACKGROUND: The risk of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection during childhood is difficult to estimate without population serosurveys because HAV-related symptoms are often mild at this age. Few serosurveys have been conducted in Canada. The present study surveyed teenagers in two nonurban regions of British Columbia where the historical rate of reported HAV either exceeded (region...

Severe Skin Rash Associated with Atazanavir

Three cases of severe rash associated with the use of atazanavir are described. In all cases, the rash was maculopapular and pruritic. Rash onset occurred eight to 11 days after initiation of therapy, and resolved with atazanavir discontinuation. Clinicians prescribing atazanavir should be aware of this potential adverse effect.

Risk Factors Associated with Dengue Transmission and Spatial Distribution of High Seroprevalence in Schoolchildren from the Urban Area of Medellin, Colombia

Dengue fever is an increasing health problem in tropical and subtropical regions. During 2010 in Medellin, the younger population presented a particularly high dengue incidence rate. This study estimated dengue virus (DENV) transmission in schoolchildren (aged 5–19 years) in Medellin from 2010 to 2012. A longitudinal serological survey (IgG) and spatial analysis were conducted to...

Epiglottitis in Canada: A Multiregional Review

Epiglottitis is an acute, life threatening infection usually caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b. Although antibiotic therapy is an important part of management, the optimal route and duration is unknown. A multicentre retrospective review of 305 children with epiglottitis was carried out in order to relate antibiotic therapy to hospital course and outcome, as well as to...

The Isolation Rate of Escherichia coli 0157:H7 in Toronto and Surrounding Communities

Verocytotoxin-producing strains of Escherichia coli, most often serotype 0157:H7, have been associated with both sporadic and epidemic diarrheal disease in Canada. In order to determine the isolation rate of E coli 0157:H7 in outpatients with diarrhea, all stool specimens submitted for culture to Med-Chem Laboratories in Metropolitan Toronto between June 1988 and September 1989...

Comparison of Norfloxacin Versus Nalidixic Acid in Therapy of Acute Urinary Tract Infections

Thirty-seven adult patients with acute urinary tract infections (UTI) were randomized to receive either a seven day (lower UTI) or a 14 day (upper UTI) course of norfloxacin 400 mg orally twice daily, or nalidixic acid 1 g orally four times per day. Mean age, underlying disease and infecting organisms were similar in the two groups. Nine patients in the norfloxacin group and...

Accumulation of Trospectomycin by Strains of Salmonella typhimurium, escherichia coli and Haemophilus influenzae

Trospectomycin, unlike aminoglycosidic aminocyclitols, is accumulated by a nonsaturable, energy-independent, diffusional process in Salmonella typhimurium, Escherichia coli and Haemophilus influenzae. A deep rough mutant of S typhimurium was more susceptible and accumulated the drug faster, and F porin deficient mutants of E coli were more resistant than parental strains...

Two Cases of Osteomyelitis Due to Group G Streptococcus

Two cases of group G streptococcal osteomyelitis in adults are reported, one of the patients being an otherwise healthy individual. Both cases were successfully treated with parenteral aqueous penicillin G. Only one case of group G streptococcal osteomyelitis has been described previously in the literature; this was in an intravenous drug abuser.

Acute Rheumatic Fever: Findings of a Hospital-Based Study and an Overview of Reported Outbreaks

To review the characteristics of reported outbreaks of acute rheumatic fever in the United States, and to determine if there is an increase in the incidence of acute rheumatic fever in the population served by the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, the authors conducted a literature search and a retrospective review of inpatients and outpatients, satisfying the revised...

Successful Management of Sequential Pulmonary Infections in a Cardiac Transplant Recipient

A case of a cardiac allograft recipient who had an initial combined pulmonary infection with cytomegalovirus, Aspergillus fumigatus and Nocardia asteroides, successfully treated with liposomal amphotericin B and sulfisoxazole and followed by an episode of respiratory syncytial virus pneumonitis, is presented. This case illustrates the role of computed tomographic imaging in the...

Meningitis Due to Ampicillin-and Chloramphenicol-Resistant Haemophilus influenzae Type B in Canada. Case Report and Review

The first report of a case of ampicillin- and chloramphenicol-resistant Haemophilus influenzae type b invasive infection in Canada is described in a four-month-old male with meningitis. He was treated with cefotaxime 200 mg/kg/day divided every 6 h and dexamethasone 0.6 mg/kg/day divided every 6 h, eventually recovering after a complicated course. Follow-up at 21 months showed...

Spectrum of Disease Caused by Rhodococcus equi in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection: Report of a Case and Review of the Literature

Since the first report of Rhodococcus equi infection in an acquired immune deficiency syndrome patient in 1986, seven additional cases have been described. A patient is described in whom the diagnosis was delayed due to misidentification of the organism as an atypical mycobacterial species. The literature regarding R equi infection in persons infected with the human...

Survey of Neisseria gonorrhoeae Antimicrobial Susceptibility in Ontario

The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of penicillin, tetracycline, erythromycin, cefoxitin, ceftriaxone and spectinomycin were determined for 300 consecutive strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae collected from physicians’ offices in Ontario. Only four isolates were found to produce beta-lactamase. Of the remaining 296 isolates, five (1.7%) had penicillin MICs greater than or...

Infective Endocarditis Due to Eikenella corrodens: Case Report and Review of the Literature

Eikenella corrodens is an uncommon cause of bacterial endocarditis. In the 11 reported cases in the literature, the disease was associated with predisposing factors and was clinically indolent or subacute. A case is reported which in contrast to the reported literature was acute in onset with severe heart failure, requiring urgent valve replacement.

Epidemiology of Lyme Disease

Investigation of the epidemiology of Lyme disease depends upon information generated from several sources. Human disease surveillance can be conducted by both passive and active means involving physicians, public health agencies and laboratories. Passive and active tick surveillance programs can document the extent of tick-borne activity, identify the geographic range of...