International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities

http://commons.pacificu.edu/ijurca/

List of Papers (Total 54)

Strenuous Exercise Increases the Risk of Oxidative Stress in Ironman Triathlon Participants

Regular physical activity has been linked to greater overall health. Literature review and studies have also defined regular physical activity as a reducer of life-threatening illnesses such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and obesity. However, long increments of strenuous exercise can produce oxidative stress and muscle fatigue in the human body. The increase in oxygen...

Ekphrasis in Ecocriticism: Auden’s “Musée des Beaux Arts” and Bruegel's "Landscape with the Fall of Icarus”

If ekphrasisis a literary description of a visual work of art, and ecocriticism uses literature to study nature and ecological concerns, how do the two mix? The ekphrastic poem “Musée des Beaux Arts” by W.H. Auden not only expands the understanding of the genre but also broadens the understanding of nature. Auden’s poem is quintessentially ekphrastic, yet it has never been...

“The Sweetest Savor”: Active Male Penetrators and Societal Anxieties in Arthurian Legend

The expected gender dichotomy of medieval European heterosexual relationships was simple. There was an active male penetrator and a passive female acceptor. This dichotomy is supported by court records from late medieval France, analyzed by Joseph Roelens, in which two women are put on trial for female sodomy and much importance is placed on the masculine character of one woman...

“We’ll Cook Him Up in a Stew”: Stepmothers and Primogeniture in the Brothers Grimm’s The Juniper Tree

What larger social concern could the continued popularity of the nineteenth-century cannibal stepmother narrative in twenty-first century crime and news reporting be indicating? In this paper, I compare a fictional episode of cannibalism in the non-canonical Brothers Grimms’ tale, “The Juniper Tree,” with the true story of the 2010 murder and subsequent dismemberment of Zahra...

The Street Performer

Award for Best Creative Work 2018 Northwest Undergraduate Conference in the Humanities Loosely based off a group of female abstract artists from the late 1800s, this fictional piece is centered around the protagonist’s obsession with one particular subject in her art—the medium being filmmaking—and exploring the rather idolized projection she has created for this individual. This...

Toxic Roots: The Remnants of White Minority Rule in Zimbabwe

Honorable Mention for Best Work of Criticism 2018 Northwest Undergraduate Conference in the Humanities This paper discusses the complex history of the intersection of sexuality and gender within Zimbabwe, specifically the chiShona tribe. It builds on the work of Zimbabwean anthropologist Josiah Taru, and African Studies scholar Tabona Shoko to uncover queer tribal identities and...

Gender-Neutral Language in Christian Universities

Award for Best Conference Paper 2018 Northwest Undergraduate Conference in the Humanities This paper provides brief summation of the methods transphobia are embodied through language and what the logical, moral, and business implications would be for a Christian University. In this paper, Adi McNally (who uses they/them pronouns) explores whether there is both scientific and...

The Relationship Between Attention, Dyslexia, and Convergence Insufficiency

Dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are two distinct conditions belonging to the same class of frequently and comorbidly diagnosed childhood and adolescent developmental disorders. Further complicating treatment and diagnoses is convergence insufficiency, a visual disorder, with symptoms that can appear similar to dyslexia’s diagnostic criteria. ADHD and...

Spelling, Handwriting, and Process: Writing Instruction Strategies for Students with Intellectual and Learning Disabilities

This manuscript examines how educators can improve their writing instruction for students with intellectual and learning disabilities. It outlines the challenges that these students face in writing and describes research conducted in these areas of need. The goal was to examine many studies and compare the methods used in them, with the objective of finding the most effective...

Narrative of Difference: The Effects of Social Class on Belonging at Liberal Arts Colleges

Low-income students have historically struggled in applying to colleges, especially liberal arts colleges. However, presently low-income students have had significantly more access to university due to changes in admission policies; the largest challenges now facing low-income students are during their time at university, where they struggle to maintain similar retention rates...

Infant Mortality and Racism in the United States

Significant health disparities exist in the United States with regard to infant mortality, a sensitive indicator of a nation’s health. The US has one of the highest infant mortality rates among OECD countries at nearly 6 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. The rate for Black Americans (11.11 per 1,000) is more than double the rate for White Americans (5.06 per 1,000...

The Difference in Efficiency and Pulmonary Function While Performing Cycle Ergometry on Land and in Water

The purpose of this study was to quantify the difference in net efficiency and pulmonary function while performing cycle ergometry on land in water. Thirty healthy adults (mean ± SD, age, 20 ± 2 y; stature, 165 ± 10 cm; mass, 70 ± 5 kg) participated in one day of testing consisting of both land and water conditions. Heart rate, O2 consumption, CO2 production, rated perceived...

College Students’ Attitudes toward Debt

College student debt has gained much attention. This article uses survey data to examine the influence of psychological factors on college student attitudes toward debt. In the sample of 283 undergraduates enrolled in a personal finance elective course, financial self-confidence was significantly related to debt attitude, indicating that less financially self-confident students...

Developing a Protocol for Creating Microfluidic Devices with a 3D Printer

Microfluidics devices have high importance in fields such as bioanalysis because these devices have the ability to manipulate small volumes of fluid, typically ranging from microliters to picoliters. Small samples of fluids can be quickly and easily tested using reactions performed with complex microfluidic devices. Many methods have been previously developed to create these...

Computational Modelling of a Spanning Drop in a Wedge with Variable Angle

In this work, mathematical and computational techniques were used to model the phenomenon of a bubble or liquid drop as it slides to the narrowest side between two tilted plates. Practical applications of this phenomenon, such as the adjustment of liquid propellant tanks, are also discussed. Computations involved the use of Surface Evolver—a fully open, interactive program that...

Towards the Selective Inhibition of Glycolytic Pathway Enzymes: A Computational Analysis of Plasmodium falciparum and Human Triosephosphate Isomerase Ligand Interactions.

Plasmodium falciparum is main causative agent of malaria, a disease that affects half of world’s population. The parasite’s dependence on glycolysis makes this pathway a suitable target for drug development. Understanding the structure-function dynamics of glycolytic enzymes in different species has an important impact on the development of selective drug analogues. Parasitic...