Nanoscale Research Letters

http://link.springer.com/journal/11671

List of Papers (Total 5,476)

Highly Efficient Quasi-Solid-State Asymmetric Supercapacitors Based on MoS2/MWCNT and PANI/MWCNT Composite Electrodes

Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) and polyaniline (PANI) electrodes were decorated with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on the basis of a facial hydrothermal and in situ polymerization methods and served in the asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC). The MoS2 and MWCNTs with a mole ratio of 1:1 in MoS2|MWCNTs electrode exhibited better electrochemical properties through extensive...

Tumor-Targeted and Biocompatible MoSe2 Nanodots@Albumin Nanospheres as a Dual-Modality Therapy Agent for Synergistic Photothermal Radiotherapy

Integrating multiple tumor therapy functions into one nanoplatform has been a new tumor therapy strategy in recent years. Herein, a dual-modality therapy agent consisting of molybdenum selenide nanodots (MoSe2 NDs) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) assembled nanospheres (MoSe2@BSA NSs) was successfully synthesized. After conjugation of folic acid (FA) molecules via polyethylene...

Synthesis and Characterization of Nanoscale Tungsten Particles with Hollow Superstructure Using Spray Drying Combined with Calcination Process

Nanoscale tungsten (W) powder is used in some special materials. In this study, a hollow superstructure W powder consisting of nanoparticles was synthesized by spray drying combined with two-step calcination from commercial (NH4)6W7O24·6H2O. The high-pressure gas (HPG) was the significant factor in spray drying process, which affect the BET surface area and average particles size...

Dynamic Hierarchical Self-Assemble Small Molecule Structure Hexabenzocoronene for the High-Performance Anodes Lithium Ion Storage

This study examined the characteristics of small molecular structure nano-graphene in a dynamic hierarchical self-assembly and found that graphene is rearranged under its own pressure during dynamic aggregation and water ripples are formed by the d-spacing. The composition and structure were studied using a range of material characterization techniques. No covalent bonds were...

Design of Narrow Discrete Distances of Dual-/Triple-Band Terahertz Metamaterial Absorbers

Various kinds of structure designs have been proposed to achieve the multiple-band metamaterial absorbers. However, the discrete distance of adjacent frequencies of multiple absorbers is considerably large, which will inevitably overlook a large amount of information hidden in the off-resonance absorption areas. Herein, a narrow discrete distance of dual-band terahertz absorber...

Structural Characterizations and Dielectric Properties of Sphere- and Rod-Like PbTiO3 Powders Synthesized via Molten Salt Synthesis

By reaction of PbC2O4 and TiO2 in the eutectic NaCl-KCl salts, both sphere- and rod-like PbTiO3 (PTO) powders were synthesized via molten salt synthesis (MSS) and template MSS methods, respectively. X-ray diffraction patterns reveal that all the PTO powders crystallize in a tetragonal phase structure. Increasing the molar ratio of PbC2O4:TiO2:NaCl:KCl from 1:1:10:10 to 1:1:60:60...

Electrochemical Reduction of CO2 on Hollow Cubic Cu2O@Au Nanocomposites

Surfactant-free and low Au loading Cu2O@Au and Au hollow cubes, based on electrodeposited Cu2O cubes as sacrificed templates, were prepared by means of a galvanic replacement reaction (GRR). The electrocatalytical performance of the as-prepared catalysts towards carbon dioxide (CO2) electrochemical reduction was evaluated. The experimental results show that Cu2O@Au catalyst can...

Complexation with C60 Fullerene Increases Doxorubicin Efficiency against Leukemic Cells In Vitro

Conventional anticancer chemotherapy is limited because of severe side effects as well as a quickly evolving multidrug resistance of the tumor cells. To address this problem, we have explored a C60 fullerene-based nanosized system as a carrier for anticancer drugs for an optimized drug delivery to leukemic cells.Here, we studied the physicochemical properties and anticancer...

Mode-Locked Er-Doped Fiber Laser by Using MoS2/SiO2 Saturable Absorber

The two-dimensional (2D) layered material MoS2 has attracted numerous attentions for electronics and optoelectronics applications. In this work, a novel type of MoS2-doped sol-gel glass composite material is prepared. The nonlinear optical properties of prepared MoS2/SiO2 composite material are measured with modulation depth (ΔT) of 3.5% and saturable intensity (Isat) of 20.15 MW...

Facile Preparation and Characterization of Polyaniline and CeO2 Co-Decorated TiO2 Nanotube Array and its Highly Efficient Photoelectrocatalytic Activity

In the present work, polyaniline and CeO2 co-decorated TiO2 nanotube arrays (PANI/CeO2/TiO2 NTAs) were facilely prepared by an electrochemical method. The as-prepared materials were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), an X-ray diffractometer (XRD), and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The photoelectrocatalytic activity of as-prepared materials was...

High Methanol Gas-Sensing Performance of Sm2O3/ZnO/SmFeO3 Microspheres Synthesized Via a Hydrothermal Method

In this work, we synthesized Sm2O3/ZnO/SmFeO3 microspheres by a hydrothermal method combined with microwave assistance to serve as a methanol gas sensor. We investigated the effect on the microstructure at different hydrothermal times (12 h, 18 h, 24 h, and 30 h), and the BET and XPS results revealed that the specific surface area and adsorbed oxygen species were consistent with...

Biodegradation Assessment of Poly (Lactic Acid) Filled with Functionalized Titania Nanoparticles (PLA/TiO2) under Compost Conditions

This paper presents a biodegradation study conducted for 90 days under standardized controlled composting conditions of poly (lactic acid) (PLA) filled with functionalized anatase-titania nanofiller (PLA/TiO2 nanocomposites). The surface morphology, thermal properties, percentage of biodegradation, and molecular weight changes at different incubation times were evaluated via...

Low-Temperature Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition of SiO2 Using Carbon Dioxide

In this work, we report the successful growth of high-quality SiO2 films by low-temperature plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition using an oxidant which is compatible with moisture/oxygen sensitive materials. The SiO2 films were grown at 90 °C using CO2 and Bis(tertiary-butylamino)silane as process precursors. Growth, chemical composition, density, optical properties, and...

Self-Assembly Stability and Variability of Bacterial Microcompartment Shell Proteins in Response to the Environmental Change

Bacterial microcompartments (BMCs) are proteinaceous self-assembling organelles that are widespread among the prokaryotic kingdom. By segmenting key metabolic enzymes and pathways using a polyhedral shell, BMCs play essential roles in carbon assimilation, pathogenesis, and microbial ecology. The BMC shell is composed of multiple protein homologs that self-assemble to form the...

Nanostructured Pd-Based Electrocatalyst and Membrane Electrode Assembly Behavior in a Passive Direct Glycerol Fuel Cell

The aim of this study was to synthesize, characterize, and observe the catalytic activity of Pd1Au1 supported by vapor-grown carbon nanofiber (VGCNF) anode catalyst prepared via the chemical reduction method. The formation of the single-phase compounds was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Rietveld refinement analysis, which showed single peaks corresponding to the (111...

Atomic Layer-Deposited HfAlOx-Based RRAM with Low Operating Voltage for Computing In-Memory Applications

With Moore’s law closing to its physical limit, traditional von Neumann architecture is facing a challenge. It is expected that the computing in-memory architecture-based resistive random access memory (RRAM) could be a potential candidate to overcome the von Neumann bottleneck problem of traditional computers [Backus, J, Can programming be liberated from the von Neumann style...

Large-Scale, Bandwidth-Adjustable, Visible Absorbers by Evaporation and Annealing Process

Optical absorbers have received a significant amount of attention due to their wide range of applications in biomedical sensing, solar cell, photon detection, and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. However, most of the optical absorbers are fabricated with high-cost sophisticated nanofabrication techniques, which limit their practical applications. Here, we introduce a cost...

Fabrication of CdTe QDs/BiOI-Promoted TiO2 Hollow Microspheres with Superior Photocatalytic Performance Under Simulated Sunlight

Hollow and heterostructured architectures are recognized as an effective approach to improve photocatalytic performance. In this work, ternary TiO2/CdTe/BiOI with hollow structure was constructed via a step-by-step method. In addition, the effect of TiO2 structural regulation and the energy band alignment of BiOI and CdTe quantum dots (CdTe QDs) with TiO2 in TiO2/CdTe/BiOI on...

Well-Aligned TiO2 Nanotube Arrays with Ag Nanoparticles for Highly Efficient Detection of Fe3+ Ion

Nowadays, determination of the iron ions with high sensitivity and selectivity with novel methods becomes a matter of urgency for monitoring healthy body and environment. In this paper, for the first time, we present a set of high-performance TiO2 nanotube arrays which are quite sensitive to iron ions. Firstly, the anodic oxidation method was adopted to prepare ordered TiO2...

Preparation and Characterization of Tadpole- and Sphere-Shaped Hemin Nanoparticles for Enhanced Solubility

Hemin is a potent iron supplement. A major limitation of the applicability of hemin is its extremely low aqueous solubility and bioavailability. The aim of this work is to prepare hemin nanoparticles with improved solubility. Transmission electron microscopic images showed that hemin nanoparticles with different initial concentrations of hemin (0.1 and 0.5 mg/mL) were tadpole...

Direct Growth of Single Crystalline GaN Nanowires on Indium Tin Oxide-Coated Silica

In this work, we demonstrated the direct growth of GaN nanowires on indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated fused silica substrate. The nanowires were grown catalyst-free using plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (PA-MBE). The effect of growth condition on the morphology and quality of the nanowires is systematically investigated. Structural characterization indicates that the nanowires...

Properties of the Geometric Phase in Electromechanical Oscillations of Carbon-Nanotube-Based Nanowire Resonators

The geometric phase is an extra phase evolution in the wave function of vibrations that is potentially applicable in a broad range of science and technology. The characteristics of the geometric phase in the squeezed state for a carbon-nanotube-based nanowire resonator have been investigated by means of the invariant operator method. The introduction of a linear invariant...

Omnidirectional Absorber by the Void Plasmon Effect in the Visible Region with Greatly Enhanced Localized Electric Field

We propose and investigate a wide-angle and high-efficiency absorber by using the void plasmon (VP) effect in a Fabry–Perot (FP)-like system, which consists of a perforated metal film and a ground metal plane separated by a dielectric spacer. A hybrid FP/VP resonance mode contributes to the high absorption efficiency. Besides the increased absorption, greatly enhanced localized...

A High-Performance Rectangular Gate U Channel FETs with Only 2-nm Distance between Source and Drain Contacts

A novel high-performance rectangular gate U channel FET (RGUC FET) for extreme integrated distance between source and drain contacts is proposed in this paper. The RGUC FET represents nearly ideal subthreshold characteristics till the distance between source/drain (S/D) contacts reduced to 2 nm. Different from the other recessed or U-shaped channel-based FETs, the gate contacts...

Smart Materials for Environmental Remediation Based on Two-Component Gels: Room-Temperature-Phase-Selective Gelation for the Removal of Organic Pollutants Including Nitrobenzene/O-Dichlorobenzene, and Dye Molecules from the Wastewater

Novel two-component gel systems based on aliphatic acid–hydroxy/base interaction were developed as smart materials for environmental remediation. The G1-A16 gelator could be used directly as a powder form to selectively gel aromatic solvents (nitrobenzene and o-dichlorobenzene) from their mixtures with wastewater (containing 0.5 M sodium nitrate and 0.5 M sodium sulfate) via a...