AAPS Open

http://link.springer.com/journal/41120

List of Papers (Total 26)

Development and evaluation of taste masked dry syrup formulation of potassium chloride

Potassium chloride (KCl) syrup is widely used for the oral treatment of the hypokalemia. However, it is associated with unacceptable taste. In the present study, we sought to develop a palatable and easy to reconstitute KCl dry syrup as a commercially viable alternative to currently available KCl syrup. We explored the potential of Eudragit E100 as a taste-masking polymer to coat...

ANVISA: an introduction to a new regulatory agency with many challenges

Brazil, the largest country in South America, has become the second largest pharmaceutical market in the emerging world. The Brazillian Health Surveillance Agency (Agencia Nacional de Vigilancia Sanitaria - ANVISA) was created in 1999 with the primary goal to protect and promote public health surveillance over products and services in Brazil. The governing body and structure of...

Improving the safety of disposable auto-injection devices: a systematic review of use errors

Auto-injection devices must be easy and intuitive to use, especially in emergency situations. However, there are many reports of safety-related issues affecting auto-injectors and pen injectors, due to usability deficits. To minimize this type of problem, the identification of potential use errors is an important and critical task in usability engineering. The aim of this...

Nano-formulations composed of cell membrane-specific cellular lipid extracts derived from target cells: physicochemical characterization and in vitro evaluation using cellular models of breast carcinoma

Highly selective drug targeting is an important goal in the development of cancer nanotechnologies. In an effort to improve tumor targeting a method was developed to formulate cell membrane lipid-extracted nanoliposomes (CLENs). The main ingredients were extracted directly from the membrane of cancer cells. For this study we used three different breast cancer cell lines (4 T1, BT...

A randomized, open-label study assessing the bioequivalence of two formulations of Fingolimod 0.5 mg in healthy subjects

Fingolimod is an oral agent approved for the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS), which has demonstrated efficacy in Phase III trials in patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). The present study was designed to assess bioequivalence between a fingolimod Test capsule formulation (Teva Argentina, formerly IVAX Argentina S.A.) and a Reference capsule...

Stability challenges not addressed by harmonized guidance – AAPS workshop of the stability focus group, April 3rd- 4th, 2017 in Rockville, MD

An American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS) workshop on stability challenges for clinical supplies and commercial distribution of drug product that are not addressed in the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) Quality documents was held from April 3rd – 4th, 2017 in Rockville, MD. Seventeen subject matter experts (SME), from industry and the Food & Drug...

Comparison of rates of nausea side effects for prescription medications from an online patient community versus medication labels: an exploratory analysis

Background While medication labels are considered the authoritative resource for medication information, emerging research suggests that patient-generated health data (PGHD) are a valuable tool to understand the ways in which patients experience medications in real world settings. However, the relationship between these two data sources has not been closely examined. Methods To...

Plasma modification of microporous polymer membranes for application in biomimetic dissolution studies

Biorelevant dissolution is an indispensable tool utilized during formulation development and optimization for the prediction of in vivo bioavailability of pharmaceutical agents. Within that framework, membrane-permeation dissolution methodologies are widely used to model drug absorption. The current work evaluates polymer membrane surface modifications for production of...

AAPS Workshop: accelerating pharmaceutical development through predictive stability approaches, April 4–5, 2016

There has been significant growth in the use of modeling tools to accelerate development and enhance pharmaceutical quality. Among these are empirical and semi-empirical modeling of accelerated stability studies which can be used to predict product shelf-life (Waterman, Pharm Res 24:780–790, 2007; (Wu et al., AAPS Pharm Sci Tech,16:986–991, 2016); (Lavrich, Rapid Development of...

New directions in pharmaceutical amorphous materials and amorphous solid dispersions, a tribute to Professor George Zografi – Proceedings of the June 2016 Land O’Lakes Conference

The University of Wisconsin-Madison June Land O’Lakes Conference on Research and Development is held every year and is recognized worldwide as a premier teaching conference for pharmaceutical scientists. The conference held in June 2016 was a tribute to the ground-breaking work of Emeritus Professor and Dean George Zografi of School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin-Madison...

Oral solid self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery systems of candesartan citexetil: formulation, characterization and in vitro drug release studies

Candesartan cilexetil is an ester prodrug antagonist to angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1) used in management of many cardiovascular diseases. The absolute bioavailability of candesartan cilexetil is about (14–40%). Therefore, the paper aim was to prepare and evaluate solid self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery systems for candesartan cilexetil in order to improve its solubility...

A review of in vivo and in vitro aspects of alcohol-induced dose dumping

This review provides a comprehensive list of in vivo and in vitro studies that have investigated alcohol induced dose dumping (AIDD) in modified release dosage forms. Of the numerous classes of drugs commercially available as modified release products, opioids, centrally acting drugs, and drugs with a narrow therapeutic index present high risks from dose dumping, despite being...

Oral nanoemulsions of candesartan cilexetil: formulation, characterization and in vitro drug release studies

Nanoemulsion is considered to be a new and exciting field of research that seeks to exploit the attractive properties of components to improve oral delivery of drugs like candesartan cilexetil used in the management of chronic diseases. Candesartan cilexetil is a lipophilic acidic drug with a half-life of about (5–10) hour and absolute bioavailability of (14–40%). For this reason...

Relative bioavailability of diazoxide, manufactured at two different international locations, in healthy participants under fasting conditions: an open-label, two-stage, adaptive, sequential two-period crossover study

Theoretically, calculating the sample size required for achieving the desired power is straightforward with true coefficient of variance (CV) estimates and true test/reference geometric mean ratios (GMRs) of selected parameters. However, true variance estimates are often not known and are, instead, based on published literature or pilot trials. An open-label, two-stage, adaptive...

Non-isothermal stability by linear heating: a fast method for preformulation stability screening of drugs at the discovery and development interface

The non-isothermal method for prediction of chemical stability of pharmaceuticals has been discussed in the literature for almost half a century but it has not yet been systematically evaluated. The purpose of this study was to carry out a comprehensive experimental evaluation of the non-isothermal method against the conventional isothermal method for a fast preformulation...

Analytical approaches to ensure product quality -- AAPS Joint Face-to-Face Meeting of the Stability, the Pharmaceutical Impurities, and the CMC Statistics Focus Groups, April 6th, 2016 in Gaithersburg, MD

An AAPS joint face-to-face meeting was held on April 6th, 2016 at MedImmune, Gaithersburg, MD. The meeting was organized by members of the Steering Committees of the Stability Focus Group, the Pharmaceutical Impurities Focus Group and the Chemistry, Manufacturing and Controls (CMC) Statistics Focus Group. Twenty two subject-matter-experts (SME) from the Industry and the Food...

Development of an algorithm to identify mass production candidate molecules to develop children’s oral medicines: a North American perspective

The gap in the commercially-available pediatric drug products and formulations suitable for children, especially those below the age of 6 years, is long recognized. A group of clinicians and scientists with a common interest in pediatric drug development and medicines-use systems developed a practical framework for identifying a list of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs...

Prediction of the changes in drug dissolution from an immediate-release tablet containing two active pharmaceutical ingredients using an accelerated stability assessment program (ASAPprime®)

The computer program ASAPprime® has been used successfully for some time to predict the stability of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) in solid-dosage forms. In this study, we have demonstrated that the ASAPprime® program can also be used to predict the slow-down in dissolution of two APIs in an immediate release tablet. The tablets were pre-equilibrated at 25 °C at...

Scientific and regulatory approaches to confirm quality and improve patient perceptions of generic drug products in Japan

The rapidly growing medical expense going with aging population in Japan requires the use of generic products derived from off-patent active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) formulations to reduce the financial burden for the national health insurance system, while at the same time avoiding undermining the quality of medical care. This article provides an overview of the...

Scope and relevance of a pulmonary biopharmaceutical classification system AAPS/FDA/USP Workshop March 16-17th, 2015 in Baltimore, MD

The Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS), developed in the 1990s for oral immediate release drugs, is utilized by R&D scientists and regulators to streamline product development and regulatory approval timelines. This elegant, science-based approach is based on three in vitro parameters representing a combination of drug substance physicochemical and physiological...

Solid form changes during drug development: good, bad, and ugly case studies

The relevance of solid form in drug development has been well established over time. In order to fully understand drug properties, attention has been paid to solid state structure of drug molecules and their relationship to the drug formulation. While each drug developer has had their own strategies and workflows for screening and choosing solid forms of drug molecules, the...

Considerations and recommendations on traditional and non-traditional uses of excipients in oral drug products

Excipients represent diverse classes of molecules, small molecules or macromolecules, with versatile structures within a given class and are from natural, semi-synthetic and synthetic sources. They are essential ingredients in drug products independently of the route of administration where both traditional and non-traditional uses are present. Beyond their traditional use as...