Genes & Genomics

http://link.springer.com/journal/13258

List of Papers (Total 48)

Evidence for relaxed selection of mitogenome in rapid-flow cyprinids

BackgroundHypoxia adaptation is developed in many fish species, which helped them to habitat most of water bodies. However, fishes living under high oxygen concentration may lose this feature. Rapid flows provide high level and stable dissolved oxygen, which facilitate organism’s oxygen supply and energy production. Previous studies showed that fish species from rapid-flow...

Evolutionary and functional implications of 3′ untranslated region length of mRNAs by comprehensive investigation among four taxonomically diverse metazoan species

BackgroundIn eukaryotic organisms, it has been well acknowledged that 3′ untranslated regions (3′ UTRs) of mRNA are actively involved in post-transcriptional regulations of gene expression. Although both shortening and lengthening of 3′ UTRs of specific candidate genes were explicitly documented to have functional consequences, landscape of 3′ UTR lengths in relation to...

Translational genomics and multi-omics integrated approaches as a useful strategy for crop breeding

Recent next generation sequencing-driven mass production of genomic data and multi-omics-integrated approaches have significantly contributed to broadening and deepening our knowledge on the molecular system of living organisms. Accordingly, translational genomics (TG) approach can play a pivotal role in creating an informational bridge between model systems and relatively less...

Genetic analysis of roots and shoots in rice seedling by association mapping

The vigorous shoots and roots help to improve drought resistance and post-transplanting recovery in rice seedlings (Oryza sativa L.). Hundreds of loci related to root system have been identified recently, but little research has been done on shoot traits, and the relationship between roots and shoots development is also still unclear. The objective of this study was to identify...

Combined analysis and miRNA expression profiles of the flowering related genes in common wild rice (oryza rufipogon Griff.)

Common wild rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff.) is the most closely related ancestral species to Asian cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.). It contains various valuable traits with regard to tolerance to cold, drought and salinity, flowering diversity and many quantitative trait loci with agronomic important traits. Flowering is one of the most important agronomic traits. However...

Genetic structure of six cattle populations revealed by transcriptome-wide SNPs and gene expression

There are abundant cattle breeds/populations in China, and the systematic discovery of genomic variants is essential for performing the marker assisted selection and conservation of genetic resources. In the present study, we employed whole transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq) technology for revealing genetic structure among six Chinese cattle populations according to transcriptome...

Comparative genomic analysis of Lactobacillus plantarum GB-LP4 and identification of evolutionarily divergent genes in high-osmolarity environment

Lactobacillus plantarum is one of the widely-used probiotics and there have been a large number of advanced researches on the effectiveness of this species. However, the difference between previously reported plantarum strains, and the source of genomic variation among the strains were not clearly specified. In order to understand further on the molecular basis of L. plantarum on...

Performance evaluation method for read mapping tool in clinical panel sequencing

In addition to the rapid advancement in Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) technology, clinical panel sequencing is being used increasingly in clinical studies and tests. However, tools that are used in NGS data analysis have not been comparatively evaluated in performance for panel sequencing. This study aimed to evaluate the tools used in the alignment process, the first...

Correction to: Targeted next-generation sequencing for identifying genes related to horse temperament

There is a minor spelling error in one of corresponding authors’ name in this article. Young-Soo Park should be Yong-Soo Park. Also, in Conflict of interest, “Young-Soo Park declares that he has no conflict of interest.” should be “Yong-Soo Park declares that he has no conflict of interest.” The author’s name is now updated in the author group, affiliation section and in conflict...

Estimates of linkage disequilibrium and effective population sizes in Chinese Merino (Xinjiang type) sheep by genome-wide SNPs

Knowledge of linkage disequilibrium (LD) is important for effective genome-wide association studies and accurate genomic prediction. Chinese Merino (Xinjiang type) is well-known fine wool sheep breed. However, the extent of LD across the genome remains unexplored. In this study, we calculated autosomal LD based on genome-wide SNPs of 635 Chinese Merino (Xinjiang type) sheep by...

Genetic disorders in beef cattle: a review

The main purpose of present review is to describe and organize autosomal recessive disorders (arachnomelia, syndactylism, osteopetrosis, dwarfism, crooked tail syndrome, muscular hyperplasia, glycogen storage disease, protoporphyria), which occur among beef cattle, and methods that can be applied to detect these defects. Prevalence of adverse alleles in beef breeds happens due to...

Identification of olfactory receptor genes in the Japanese grenadier anchovy Coilia nasus

Olfaction is essential for fish to detect odorant elements in the environment and plays a critical role in navigating, locating food and detecting predators. Olfactory function is produced by the olfactory transduction pathway and is activated by olfactory receptors (ORs) through the binding of odorant elements. Recently, four types of olfactory receptors have been identified in...

MicroRNA expression patterns and target prediction in multiple myeloma development and malignancy

Epigenetic changes have emerged as key causes in the development and progression of multiple myeloma (MM). In this study, global microRNA (miRNA) expression profiling were performed for 27 MM (19 specimens and 8 cell lines) and 3 normal controls by microarray. miRNA-targets were identified by integrating the miRNA expression profiles with mRNA expression profiles of the matched...

Reconstruction of a composite comparative map composed of ten legume genomes

The Fabaceae (legume family) is the third largest and the second of agricultural importance among flowering plant groups. In this study, we report the reconstruction of a composite comparative map composed of ten legume genomes, including seven species from the galegoid clade (Medicago truncatula, Medicago sativa, Lens culinaris, Pisum sativum, Lotus japonicus, Cicer arietinum...

Drought stress-induced changes of microRNAs in diploid and autotetraploid Paulownia tomentosa

Drought stress adversely affects plant productivity. Growth and timber production of Paulownia trees are limited under drought stress. Changes in gene expression patterns and miRNA in different ploidy of Paulownia tomentosa have been investigated. However, the responses of P. tomentosa to drought stress at the microRNA (miRNA) level have not been reported so far. To identify...

Identification and monitoring of Korean medicines derived from Cinnamomum spp. by using ITS and DNA marker

In this study, we identified and evaluated the genetic relationships among Cinnamomum plants, which are used in traditional medicine. We also attempted to monitor the distribution of traditional medicines derived from Cinnamomum cassia by using DNA barcoding and a species-specific DNA marker. Plants of the genus Cinnamomum, and in particular C. cassia, are commonly used as...

Color vision diversity and significance in primates inferred from genetic and field studies

Color provides a reliable cue for object detection and identification during various behaviors such as foraging, mate choice, predator avoidance and navigation. The total number of colors that a visual system can discriminate is largely dependent on the number of different spectral types of cone opsins present in the retina and the spectral separations among them. Thus, opsins...