The European Physical Journal C

http://link.springer.com/journal/10052

List of Papers (Total 4,490)

Dynamical evolution of non-minimally coupled scalar field in spherically symmetric de Sitter spacetimes

We investigate the dynamical behavior of a scalar field non-minimally coupled to Einstein’s tensor and Ricci scalar in geometries of asymptotically de Sitter spacetimes. We show that the quasinormal modes remain unaffected if the scalar field is massless and the black hole is electrically chargeless. In the massive case, the coupling of both parameters produces a region of...

Greybody factor for black string in dRGT massive gravity

The greybody factor from the black string in the de Rham–Gabadadze–Tolley (dRGT) massive gravity theory is investigated in this study. The dRGT massive gravity theory is one of the modified gravity theories used in explaining the current acceleration in the expansion of the universe. Through the use of cylindrical symmetry, black strings in dRGT massive gravity are shown to exist...

Thermodynamic analysis of modified teleparallel gravity involving higher-order torsion derivative terms

The present study is elaborated to investigate the validity of thermodynamical laws in a modified teleparallel gravity based on higher-order derivative terms of torsion scalar. For this purpose, we consider spatially flat FRW model filled with perfect fluid matter contents. Firstly, we explore the possibility of existence of equilibrium as well as non-equilibrium picture of...

Leading order CFT analysis of multi-scalar theories in \(d>2\)

We investigate multi-field multicritical scalar theories using CFT constraints on two- and three-point functions combined with the Schwinger–Dyson equation. This is done in general and without assuming any symmetry for the models, which we just define to admit a Landau–Ginzburg description that includes the most general critical interactions built from monomials of the form...

Clifford-based spectral action and renormalization group analysis of the gauge couplings

The Spectral Action Principle in noncommutative geometry derives the actions of the Standard Model and General Relativity (along with several other gravitational terms) by reconciling them in a geometric setting, and hence offers an explanation for their common origin. However, one of the requirements in the minimal formalism, unification of the gauge coupling constants, is not...

Stability and bifurcation analysis of interacting f(T) cosmology

The present work deals with dynamical system analysis of Interacting f(T) cosmology. Einstein field equations are second order non-linear differential equations. So it is very difficult to solve them analytically. We can draw the vector field and analyze the stability of the universe in different phase by dynamical system analysis. By suitable transformation of variables the...

Diffractive incoherent vector meson production off protons: a quark model approach to gluon fluctuation effects

Fluctuations play an important role in diffractive production of vector mesons. It was in particular recently suggested, based on the Impact-Parameter dependent Saturation model (IPSat), that geometrical fluctuations triggered by the motion of the constituent quarks within the protons could explain incoherent diffractive processes observed at HERA. We propose a variant of the...

Excited mesons, baryons, glueballs and tetraquarks: predictions of the Holography Inspired Stringy Hadron model

In this note we collect and summarize the predictions of the Holography Inspired Stringy Hadron (HISH) model. Following a brief review of the model, we list the masses and widths of predicted excited states across the spectrum, based on placing the different hadrons on the non-linear Regge trajectories of a string with massive endpoints. Our predicted states include: (i) Light...

Calibrating the naïve Cornell model with NRQCD

Along the years, the Cornell model has been extraordinarily successful in describing hadronic phenomenology, in particular in physical situations for which an effective theory of the strong interactions such as NRQCD cannot be applied. As a consequence of its achievements, a relevant question is whether its model parameters can somehow be related to fundamental constants of QCD...

Generalized tachyonic teleparallel cosmology

In this paper we propose a new dark energy model in the teleparallel alternative of general relativity, by considering a generalized non-minimal coupling of a tachyonic scalar field with the teleparallel boundary term. Within the framework of teleparallel gravity, the boundary coupling term is associated with the divergence of the torsion vector. Considering the linear stability...

Estimating the efficiency turn-on curve for a constant-threshold trigger without a calibration dataset

Many particle physics experiments use constant threshold triggers, where the trigger threshold is in an online variable that can be calculated quickly by the trigger module. Offline data analysis then calculates a more precise offline variable for the same quantity, for example the event energy. The efficiency curve is a step function in the online variable, but not in the...

Solutions of evolution equations for medium-induced QCD cascades

In this paper we present solutions of evolution equations for inclusive distribution of gluons as produced by jet traversing quark–gluon plasma. We reformulate the original equations in such a form that virtual and unresolved-real emissions as well as unresolved collisions with medium are resummed in a Sudakov-type form factor. The resulting integral equations are then solved...

Quantum out-of-equilibrium cosmology

In this work, our prime focus is to study the one to one correspondence between the conduction phenomena in electrical wires with impurity and the scattering events responsible for particle production during stochastic inflation and reheating implemented under a closed quantum mechanical system in early universe cosmology. In this connection, we also present a derivation of...

What can be learned from the transition form factor of \(\gamma ^*\gamma ^*\rightarrow \eta '\) : feasibility study

We present an analysis of the recent measurement of \(\eta '\)-meson production by two virtual photons made by the BaBar collaboration. It is the first measurement of a transition form factor which is entirely within the kinematic regime of the collinear factorization approach, and it thus provides a clean test of the QCD factorization theorem for distribution amplitudes (DAs...

Scalar field as a null dust

We show that a canonical, minimally coupled scalar field which is non-self interacting and massless is equivalent to a null dust fluid (whether it is a test or a gravitating field), in a spacetime region in which its gradient is null. Under similar conditions, the gravitating and nonminimally coupled Brans-Dicke-like scalar of scalar-tensor gravity, instead, cannot be represented...

\(d^*(2380)\) and its partners in a diquark model

The purpose of the present study was to explore the possibility of accommodating the \(d^*(2380)\) and its flavor SU(3) partners in a diquark model. Proposing that \(d^*(2380)\) is composed of three vector diquarks, its mass is calculated by use of an effective Hamiltonian approach and its decay width is estimated by considering the effects of quark tunneling from one diquark to...

Kerr–Newman black holes can be generically overspun

We construct thought experiments involving the perturbations of Kerr–Newman black holes by neutral test fields to evaluate the validity of the weak form of the cosmic censorship conjecture. We first show that neglecting backreaction effects, extremal Kerr–Newman black holes which satisfy the condition \((J^2/M^4)<(1/3)\) can be overspun by scalar fields. This result, which could...

The shadow of dark matter as a shadow of string theory

We point out that string theory can solve the conundrum to explain the emergence of an electroweak dipole moment from electroweak singlets through induction of those dipole moments through a Kalb–Ramond dipole coupling. This can generate a \(U_Y(1)\) portal to dark matter and entails the possibility that the \(U_Y(1)\) gauge field is related to a fundamental vector field for open...

Measurement of the top quark mass in the all-jets final state at \(\sqrt{s}=13\,\text {TeV} \) and combination with the lepton+jets channel

A top quark mass measurement is performed using \(35.9{\,\text {fb}^{-1}} \) of LHC proton–proton collision data collected with the CMS detector at \(\sqrt{s}=13\,\text {TeV} \). The measurement uses the \({\mathrm {t}\overline{\mathrm {t}}}\) all-jets final state. A kinematic fit is performed to reconstruct the decay of the \({\mathrm {t}\overline{\mathrm {t}}}\)  system and...

The Dirac oscillator in a spinning cosmic string spacetime

We examine the effects of gravitational fields produced by topological defects on a Dirac field and a Dirac oscillator in a spinning cosmic string spacetime. We obtain the eigenfunctions and the energy levels of the relativistic field in that background and consider the effect of various parameters, such as the frequency of the rotating frame, the oscillator’s frequency, the...

Mimetic gravity: mimicking the dynamics of the primeval universe in the context of loop quantum cosmology

Mimetic gravity can be described as a formulation capable of mimicking different evolutionary scenarios regarding the universe dynamics. Notwithstanding its initial aim of producing a similar evolution to the one expected from the dark components of the standard cosmology, a recent association with loop quantum cosmology could also provide interesting results. In this work, we...

Type-4 spinors: transmuting from Elko to single-helicity spinors

In this communication we briefly report an unexpected theoretical discovery which emerge from the mapping of Elko mass-dimension-one spinors into single helicity spinors. Such procedure unveils a class of spinor which is classified as type-4 spinor field within Lounesto classification. In this paper we explore the underlying physical and mathematical contents of the type-4 spinor.

Search for resonant production of second-generation sleptons with same-sign dimuon events in proton–proton collisions at \(\sqrt{s} = 13\,\text {TeV} \)

A search is presented for resonant production of second-generation sleptons (\(\widetilde{\mu } _{\mathrm {L}}\), \(\widetilde{\nu }_{\mu }\)) via the R-parity-violating coupling \({\lambda ^{\prime }_{211}}\) to quarks, in events with two same-sign muons and at least two jets in the final state. The smuon (muon sneutrino) is expected to decay into a muon and a neutralino...

Charged-particle pseudorapidity density at mid-rapidity in p–Pb collisions at \(\pmb {\sqrt{s_{\scriptscriptstyle {\mathrm{NN}}}}}\) = 8.16 TeV

The pseudorapidity density of charged particles, \(\mathrm {d}N_{\mathrm{ch}}/\mathrm {d}\eta \), in p–Pb collisions has been measured at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon–nucleon pair of \(\sqrt{s_{\scriptscriptstyle {\mathrm{NN}}}}\) = 8.16 TeV at mid-pseudorapidity for non-single-diffractive events. The results cover 3.6 units of pseudorapidity, \(|\eta |<1.8\). The...

General relativistic model for mixed fluid sphere with equation of state

We generate a general frame work to solve the Einstein system with an equation of state that describe static spherically symmetric anisotropic matter distribution in terms of a generating function. It is examined for a Van der Waals type equation of state with a physically reasonable form of generating function. The model satisfies all the required major physical properties of a...