Applied Nanoscience

https://link.springer.com/journal/13204

List of Papers (Total 668)

The effects of seawater on the hydration, microstructure and strength development of Portland cement pastes incorporating colloidal silica

This contribution investigates the effects of seawater and colloidal silica (NS) in the amounts of 1, 3 and 5 wt%, respectively, on the hydration, strength development and microstructural properties of Portland cement pastes. The data reveal that seawater has an accelerating effect on cement hydration and thus a significant contribution to early strength development was observed...

Initial growth dynamics of 10 nm nanobubbles in the graphene liquid cell

The unexpected long lifetime of nanobubble against the large Laplace pressure is one of the important issues in nanobubble research and a few models have been proposed to explain it. Most studies, however, have been focused on the observation of relatively large nanobubbles over 100 nm and are limited to the equilibrium state phenomena. The study on the sub-100 nm sized...

The use of nanotechnology in cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular diseases claim a number of lives globally; many of which are preventable. With the increase in diets that consist of high saturated fat, salt, and sugar, people often living sedentary lifestyles, and a rise in cases of obesity, the incidence of cardiovascular disease is increasing. These contributing factors, coupled with more advanced methods of diagnosis, have...

Tolnaftate–graphene composite-loaded nanoengineered electrospun scaffolds as efficient therapeutic dressing material for regimen of dermatomycosis

Graphene “The novel carbon nano-trope” tailors auspicious platform for designing antimicrobial regimen by virtue of its conspicuous molecular interaction with the microorganism. In this work, Tolnaftate (Tf), an antifungal drug, was mingled with Graphene nanoplatelets (Gn) to develop composite (Tf–Gn) via the wet chemical route, embedded in a biocompatible polymeric blend of...

Silica nanocomposites based on silver nanoparticles-functionalization and pH effect

Current reports in the field of nanotechnology indicate that the properties of metal nanoparticles are determined by their features such as size, shape, composition as well as a degree of crystallinity and stability. These, in turn, may depend heavily on their preparation way, treatment during and after synthesis and finally on properties of the supports and matrices. The goal of...

Nano interface potential influences in CdTe quantum dots and biolabeling

Nano interface influences in physiochemical properties of quantum dots (QDs) are the challenging approach to tailor its surface functionalities. In this study, a set of polar and non-polar solvents were selected to analyze the influences in solvent-based dynamic radius and surface potential of QDs. From the nano interface chemistry of polar and non-polar solvents, an appropriate...

Controlled and tunable polymer particles’ production using a single microfluidic device

Microfluidics technology offers a new platform to control liquids under flow in small volumes. The advantage of using small-scale reactions for droplet generation along with the capacity to control the preparation parameters, making microfluidic chips an attractive technology for optimizing encapsulation formulations. However, one of the drawback in this methodology is the...

Lightweight magnesium nanocomposites: electrical conductivity of liquid magnesium doped by CoPd nanoparticles

The effect of monodisperse bimetallic CoPd NP admixtures on the electrical conductivity of liquid magnesium was studied. Temperature dependence of the electrical conductivity of liquid Mg98(CoPd)2, Mg96(CoPd)4, and Mg92(CoPd)8 alloys was measured in a wide temperature range above the melting point by a four-point method. It was shown that the addition of even small amount of CoPd...

Synthesis and characterization of protocatechuic acid-loaded gadolinium-layered double hydroxide and gold nanocomposite for theranostic application

A theranostic nanocomposite was developed using anticancer agent, protocatechuic acid (PA) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent gadolinium nitrate (Gd) for simultaneous delivery using layered double hydroxide (LDH) as the delivery agent. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were adsorbed on the surface of the LDH, which served as a complementary contrast agent. Based on the...

Preparation of ultrafine grained copper nanoparticles via immersion deposit method

Today, the exploration about synthesis of nanoparticles is much of interest to materials scientists. In this work, copper nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized by immersion deposit method in the absence of any stabilizing and reducing agents. Copper (II) sulfate pentahydrate as precursor salt and distilled water and Ethylene glycol as solvents were used. The copper...

Monitoring dynamic electrochemical processes with in situ ptychography

The present work reports novel soft X-ray Fresnel CDI ptychography results, demonstrating the potential of this method for dynamic in situ studies. Specifically, in situ ptychography experiments explored the electrochemical fabrication of Co-doped Mn-oxide/polypyrrole nanocomposites for sustainable and cost-effective fuel-cell air-electrodes. Oxygen-reduction catalysts based on...

Maximizing the short circuit current of organic solar cells by partial decoupling of electrical and optical properties

The partial decoupling of electronic and optical properties of organic solar cells allows for realizing solar cells with increased short circuit current and energy conversion efficiency. The proposed device consists of an organic solar cell conformally prepared on the surface of an array of single and double textured pyramids. The device geometry allows for increasing the optical...

Seedless synthesis and efficient recyclable catalytic activity of Ag@Fe nanocomposites towards methyl orange

This work demonstrates a competitive reduction method of synthesis of nanomaterials. In this method along cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), the reduction of Ag+ and Fe3+ ions is achieved by ascorbic acid-to-bimetallic Ag@Fe yellow-colored nanomaterials. The shape of UV–visible spectra and wavelengths absorbed of Ag@Fe can be tuned from ca. 290–600 nm by controlling [CTAB...

Nanosized silica–titanium oxide as a potential adsorbent for C.I. Acid Yellow 219 dye removal from textile baths and wastewaters

The mixed SiO2–TiO2 oxide obtained by the pyrogenic method with the silica:titanium percentage ratio equal to 80:20 (ST20) was used as a potential adsorbent for the removal of hazardous azo dye C.I. Acid Yellow 219 (AY219) from aqueous solutions. Based on the values of determination coefficients (r2), it can be stated that the Freundlich (r2 = 0.929) model fitted the experimental...

Atomic-deficient nanostructurization in water-sorption alumomagnesium spinel ceramics MgAl2O4

Atomic-deficient nanostructurization in alumomagnesium MgAl2O4 ceramics sintered at 1100–1400 °C caused by water sorption are studied employing positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy. Detected PAL spectra are reconstructed from unconstrained x4-term decomposition, and further transformed to x3-term form to be applicable for analysis with x3–x2-CDA (coupling decomposition...

Quantum colliding of nanoscale solitons in a domain wall of magnetic stripe domain

The possibility of sub-barrier mutual passage of two nanosized solitons in the form of vertical Bloch lines located in a domain wall of a magnetic stripe domain formed in a uniaxial magnetic film with a strong magnetic anisotropy is shown. The conditions for this effect are determined.

Smart multifunctional nanoagents for in situ monitoring of small molecules with a switchable affinity towards biomedical targets

The great diversity of nanomaterials provides ample opportunities for constructing effective agents for biomedical applications ranging from biosensing to drug delivery. Multifunctional nanoagents that combine several features in a single particle are of special interest due to capabilities that substantially exceed those of molecular drugs. An ideal theranostic agent should...

Enhanced synergetic effect of Cr(VI) ion removal and anionic dye degradation with superparamagnetic cobalt ferrite meso–macroporous nanospheres

The overall effectiveness of a photocatalytic water treatment method strongly depends on various physicochemical factors. Superparamagnetic photocatalysts have incomparable advantage of easy separation using external magnetic fields. So, the synthesis of efficient superparamagnetic photocatalysts and the development of a deep understanding of the factors influencing their...

Photocatalytic degradation of metronidazole and methylene blue by PVA-assisted Bi2WO6–CdS nanocomposite film under visible light irradiation

The enhanced photocatalytic performance of nanocomposite is synthesized via the hydrothermal method and characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), UV–visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV–Vis DRS) and photoluminescence spectroscopy...

Magnetism from Fe2O3 nanoparticles embedded in amorphous SiO2 matrix

Fe2O3 nanoparticles are embedded in amorphous SiO2 matrix by coprecipitation method with varying concentrations. Conditions are optimized to get almost monodispersed Fe2O3 nanoparticles with high chemical stability. Microstructure of synthesized nanoparticles is well characterized and found that Fe2O3 is in nanocrystalline form and embedded uniformly in amorphous SiO2 matrix...

A dynamically reconfigurable logic cell: from artificial neural networks to quantum-dot cellular automata

Considering the lack of optimization support for Quantum-dot Cellular Automata, we propose a dynamically reconfigurable logic cell capable of implementing various logic operations by means of artificial neural networks. The cell can be reconfigured to any 2-input combinational logic gate by altering the strength of connections, called weights and biases. We demonstrate how these...