Analytical Cellular Pathology

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/acp/

List of Papers (Total 1,099)

PHOTOPROBER® Biotin: An Alternative Method for Labeling Archival DNA for Comparative Genomic Hybridization

Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) represents a powerful method for screening the entire genome of solid tumors for chromosomal imbalances. Particularly it enabled the molecular cytogenetic analysis of archival, formalin‐fixed, paraffin‐embedded (FFPE) tissue. A well‐known dilemma, however, is the poor DNA quality of this material with fragment sizes below 1000 bp. Nick...

Expression Profile of Tyrosine Phosphatases in HER2 Breast Cancer Cells and Tumors

Background: HER2-overexpression promotes malignancy by modulating signalling molecules, which include PTPs/DSPs (protein tyrosine and dual-specificity phosphatases). Our aim was to identify PTPs/DSPs displaying HER2-associated expression alterations.

DNA Measurement of Overlapping Cell Nuclei in Thick Tissue Sections

The paper describes an improved image analysis procedure for measuring the DNA content of cell nuclei in thick sections of liver tissue by absorption densitometry. Whereas previous methods only permitted the analysis of isolated nuclei, the new technique enables both isolated and overlapping nuclei to be measured. A 3D segmentation procedure determines whether each object is an...

Expression Pattern of a Homeotic Gene, HOXA5, in Normal Breast and in Breast Tumors

Introduction: Homeotic (HOX) gene products are now known to be functionally associated with breast cancer biogenesis. Recent evidence has indicated that HOXA5 regulates both p53 and progesterone receptor expression levels in breast cancer cells. In addition, HOXA5 has been shown to interact and regulate the activity of another protein referred to as Twist. As homeotic genes play...

Immunohistochemical Detection and Localization of Somatostatin Receptor Subtypes in Prostate Tissue from Patients with Bladder Outlet Obstruction

Background and Aim of the Study: Scant information on the cellular distribution of the five somatostatin receptor (SSTR) subtypes in the normal prostate and in neoplasms of the prostate has been reported in very few studies in which techniques, such as in situ hybridization histochemistry, autoradiography, and more recently immunohistochemistry, have been applied. The aim of the...

A Hopeful Natural Product, Pristimerin, Induces Apoptosis, Cell Cycle Arrest, and Autophagy in Esophageal Cancer Cells

Esophageal cancer is one of the most common malignant digestive diseases worldwide. Although many approaches have been established for the treatment of esophageal cancer, the survival outcome has not improved. Pristimerin is a quinone methide triterpenoid with anticancer, antiangiogenic, anti-inflammatory, and antiprotozoal activities. However, the role of pristimerin in cancers...

Topographical Analysis of Spatial Patterns Generated by a Cellular Automaton Model of the Proliferation of a Cancer Cell Line In Vitro

A well‐suited model to simulate cellular population dynamics is the two‐dimensional cellular automaton model, which consists of a lattice of sites, the value ai,j of each site being updated in discrete time steps according to an identical deterministic rule depending on a neighbourhood of sites around it. A cellular automaton is described which mimics cell population...

DNA Ploidy and S-Phase Fraction in Carcinoma of the Gallbladder Related to Histopathology, Number of Gallstones and Survival 1

Gallstones are a risk factor for the development of gallbladder cancer. We studied DNA ploidy and cell cycle composition by flow cytometry in archival specimens from 52 gall bladder carcinomas in relation to histopathological grade, tumour stage, gallstone number and survival. 69% of the gallbladder carcinomas showed aneuploidy. All tumours with single stones (N=11) were...

Evaluation of Prognostic Factors Following Flow-Cytometric DNA Analysis after Cytokeratin Labelling: I. Breast Cancer

In gynecologic oncology valid prognostic factors are necessary to estimate the course of disease and to define biologically similar subgroups for analysis of therapeutic efficacy. The presented study is a prospective study concerning prognostic significance of DNA ploidy and S‐phase fraction in breast cancer following enrichment of tumor cells by cytokeratin labelling. Epithelial...

Increased Levels of Erythropoietin in Nipple Aspirate Fluid and in Ductal Cells from Breast Cancer Patients

Background: Erythropoietin (Epo) is an important regulator of erythropoiesis, and controls proliferation and differentiation of both erythroid and non-erythroid tissues. Epo is actively synthesized by breast cells during lactation, and also plays a role in breast tissues promoting hypoxia-induced cancer initiation. Our aims are to perform an exploratory investigation on the Epo...

Integrin-Linked Kinase: A Multi-functional Regulator Modulating Extracellular Pressure-Stimulated Cancer Cell Adhesion through Focal Adhesion Kinase and AKT

Cell adhesion is important in cancer metastasis. Malignant cells in cancer patients may be exposed to physical forces such as extracellular pressure and shear, that stimulate their adhesion to matrix proteins, endothelium and surgical wounds. Pressure induces phosphorylation of AKT and focal adhesion kinase (FAK), which are required for pressure-stimulated cancer cell adhesion...

Aberrant Expression of Folate Metabolism Enzymes and Its Diagnosis and Survival Prediction in Ovarian Carcinoma

This study was to validate changes in the levels of folate receptor-α (FOLR1), dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), and methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) in the tissue of OC patients. The expression of FOLR1, DHFR, and MTRR was evaluated in 80 cases of primary OC, 50 cases of benign ovarian tumors, and 30 normal ovarian tissues. Associations between protein expression and...

A New Method for Segmentation of Colour Images Applied to Immunohistochemically Stained Cell Nuclei

A new method for segmenting images of immunohistochemically stained cell nuclei is presented. The aim is to distinguish between cell nuclei with a positive staining reaction and other cell nuclei, and to make it possible to quantify the reaction. First, a new supervised algorithm for creating a pixel classifier is applied to an image that is typical for the sample. The training...

Various Statistical Methods in Use for Evaluating Human Malignant Gastric Specimens

This paper presents the use of certain statistical methods (comparison of means – independent samples t‐test, multiple linear regression analysis, multiple logistic regression analysis, analysis of clusters, etc.) included in the SPSS Statistical Package used to classify the patients quantitatively evaluated after a subtotal resection of their stomachs. The group consisted of 40...

WNT-Pathway Activation in IBD-Associated Colorectal Carcinogenesis: Potential Biomarkers for Colonic Surveillance

Objectives: The Wnt-pathway dominates the sporadic carcinogenesis whereas p53 plays a pivotal role in the colitis-associated counterpart. The expression of Wnt-signaling proteins and p53 during colitis-associated carcinogenesis was determined.

Gene Expression in Oligodendroglial Tumors

Background: Oligodendroglial tumors with 1p/19q loss are more likely to be chemosensitive and have longer survival than those with intact 1p/19q, but not all respond to chemotherapy, warranting investigation of the biological basis of chemosensitivity.

Hepatoprotective Potential of Sargassum muticum against STZ-Induced Diabetic Liver Damage in Wistar Rats by Inhibiting Cytokines and the Apoptosis Pathway

Liver inflammation and necrosis are the foremost problems interlinked with diabetes mellitus (DM). The methanolic extract of Sargassum muticum (MESM) plays a hepatoprotective role in streptozotocin- (STZ-) induced hepatic injury. In this study, STZ exposure induced diabetes that augmented hepatic damage, which was reflected in serum enzyme markers, the cytokine network, and...

Downregulation of PTPRK Promotes Cell Proliferation and Metastasis of NSCLC by Enhancing STAT3 Activation

Objective. The receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase κ (PTPRK) is a candidate tumor suppressor involved in the tumorigenesis of various organs. However, its expression and biological roles in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have not yet been investigated. Methods. PTPRK expression in NSCLC tissues and cell lines was examined using real-time PCR and western blotting. In...

Downregulation of PTPRK Promotes Cell Proliferation and Metastasis of NSCLC by Enhancing STAT3 Activation

Objective. The receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase κ (PTPRK) is a candidate tumor suppressor involved in the tumorigenesis of various organs. However, its expression and biological roles in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have not yet been investigated. Methods. PTPRK expression in NSCLC tissues and cell lines was examined using real-time PCR and western blotting. In...

Kynurenic Acid Protects against Thioacetamide-Induced Liver Injury in Rats

Acute liver failure (ALF) is a life-threatening disorder of liver function. Kynurenic acid (KYNA), a tryptophan metabolite formed along the kynurenine metabolic pathway, possesses anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Its presence in food and its potential role in the digestive system was recently reported. The aim of this study was to define the effect of KYNA on liver...

Opening the Black Box: the Relationship between Neural Networks and Linear Discriminant Functions

Over the last ten years feed‐forward neural networks have become a popular tool for statistical decision making. During this time, they have been applied in many fields, including cytological classification. Neural networks are often treated as a black box, whose inner workings are concealed from the researcher. This is unfortunate, since the inner workings of a neural network...