Annals of Biomedical Engineering

http://link.springer.com/journal/10439

List of Papers (Total 386)

Subject-Specific Surgical Planning for Hip Replacement: A Novel 2D Graphical Representation of 3D Hip Motion and Prosthetic Impingement Information

Prosthetic impingement (PI) following total hip arthroplasty (THA), which arises due to the undesirable relative motion of the implants, results in adverse outcomes. Predicting PI through 3D graphical representation is difficult to comprehend when all activities are combined for different implant positions. Therefore, the aim of the paper was to translate this 3D information into...

Independent, Controllable Stretch-Perfusion Bioreactor Chambers to Functionalize Cell-Seeded Decellularized Tendons

Tissue-engineered decellularized matrices can progress clinical replacement of full-thickness ruptures or tendon defects. This study develops and validates a custom-made automated bioreactor, called oscillating stretch-perfusion bioreactor (OSPB), consisting of multiple, independent culture chambers able to combine a bidirectional perfusion with a programmable, uniaxial strain to...

High-Resolution Body Surface Potential Mapping in Exercise Assessment of Ischemic Heart Disease

Standard 12-lead ECG exercise testing is commonly used for screening of ischemic heart disease (IHD). We studied if high-resolution body surface potential mapping (HR-BSPM) during exercise offers advantages over current standards in noninvasive evaluation of IHD. This study was carried out on 90 IHD patients and 33 healthy controls. The 67-lead HR-BSPM was recorded at rest and...

Bone Density and Texture from Minimally Post-Processed Knee Radiographs in Subjects with Knee Osteoarthritis

Plain radiography is the most common modality to assess the stage of osteoarthritis. Our aims were to assess the relationship of radiography-based bone density and texture between radiographs with minimal and clinical post-processing, and to compare the differences in bone characteristics between controls and subjects with knee osteoarthritis or medial tibial bone marrow lesions...

Pulse Arrival Time and Pulse Interval as Accurate Markers to Detect Mechanical Alternans

Mechanical alternans (MA) is a powerful predictor of adverse prognosis in patients with heart failure and cardiomyopathy, but its use remains limited due to the need of invasive continuous arterial pressure recordings. This study aims to assess novel cardiovascular correlates of MA in the intact human heart to facilitate affordable and non-invasive detection of MA and advance our...

A How-To Guide for Promoting Diversity and Inclusion in Biomedical Engineering

To accelerate the development of an inclusive culture in biomedical engineering (BME), we must accept complexity, seek to understand our own privilege, speak out about diversity, learn the difference between intent and impact, accept our mistakes, and learn how to engage in difficult conversations. In turn, we will be rewarded by the ideas, designs, devices and discoveries of a...

Elastic, Viscoelastic and Fibril-Reinforced Poroelastic Material Properties of Healthy and Osteoarthritic Human Tibial Cartilage

Articular cartilage constituents (collagen, proteoglycans, fluid) are significantly altered during osteoarthritis (OA). A fibril-reinforced poroelastic (FRPE) material model can separate the contribution of each constituent on the mechanical response of cartilage. Yet, these properties and their OA related alterations are not known for human tibial cartilage. To answer this gap...

Anthropometric Scaling of Anatomical Datasets for Subject-Specific Musculoskeletal Modelling of the Shoulder

Linear scaling of generic shoulder models leads to substantial errors in model predictions. Customisation of shoulder modelling through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) improves modelling outcomes, but model development is time and technology intensive. This study aims to validate 10 MRI-based shoulder models, identify the best combinations of anthropometric parameters for model...

Deep Learning for Musculoskeletal Force Prediction

Musculoskeletal models permit the determination of internal forces acting during dynamic movement, which is clinically useful, but traditional methods may suffer from slowness and a need for extensive input data. Recently, there has been interest in the use of supervised learning to build approximate models for computationally demanding processes, with benefits in speed and...

Real-Time Bioimpedance-Based Biopsy Needle Can Identify Tissue Type with High Spatial Accuracy

Histological analysis is meaningful in diagnosis only if the targeted tissue is obtained in the biopsy. Often, physicians have to take a tissue sample without accurate information about the location of the instrument tip. A novel biopsy needle with bioimpedance-based tissue identification has been developed to provide data for the automatic classification of the tissue type at...

Do Infield Softball Masks Effectively Reduce Facial Fracture Risk?

Infield softball masks are intended to reduce facial fracture risk, but are rarely worn. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of infield masks’ ability to attenuate facial fracture risk over a range of designs and materials. To simulate batted ball impacts, a customized pitching machine was used to propel softballs at 24.6 ± 0.51 m/s. The balls impacted...

Comparison of Head Impact Exposure Between Concussed Football Athletes and Matched Controls: Evidence for a Possible Second Mechanism of Sport-Related Concussion

Studies of football athletes have implicated repetitive head impact exposure in the onset of cognitive and brain structural changes, even in the absence of diagnosed concussion. Those studies imply accumulating damage from successive head impacts reduces tolerance and increases risk for concussion. Support for this premise is that biomechanics of head impacts resulting in...

The Shrinking Brain: Cerebral Atrophy Following Traumatic Brain Injury

Cerebral atrophy in response to traumatic brain injury is a well-documented phenomenon in both primary investigations and review articles. Recent atrophy studies focus on exploring the region-specific patterns of cerebral atrophy; yet, there is no study that analyzes and synthesizes the emerging atrophy patterns in a single comprehensive review. Here we attempt to fill this gap...

Lower Limb Posture Affects the Mechanism of Injury in Under-Body Blast

Over 80% of wounded Service Members sustain at least one extremity injury. The ‘deck-slap’ foot, a product of the vehicle’s floor rising rapidly when attacked by a mine to injure the limb, has been a signature injury in recent conflicts. Given the frequency and severity of these combat-related extremity injuries, they require the greatest utilisation of resources for treatment...

Region-Specific Microstructure in the Neonatal Ventricles of a Porcine Model

The neonate transitions from placenta-derived oxygen, to supply from the pulmonary system, moments after birth. This requires a series of structural developments to divert more blood through the right heart and onto the lungs, with the tissue quickly remodelling to the changing ventricular workload. In some cases, however, the heart structure does not fully develop causing poor...

In-Vitro Detection of Small Isolated Cartilage Defects: Intravascular Ultrasound Vs. Optical Coherence Tomography

This experimental work focused on the sensor selection for the development of a needle-like instrument to treat small isolated cartilage defects with hydrogels. The aim was to identify the most accurate and sensitive imaging method to determine the location and size of defects compared to a gold standard (µCT). Only intravascular ultrasound imaging (IVUS) vs. optical coherent...

Ultrarapid Inductive Rewarming of Vitrified Biomaterials with Thin Metal Forms

Arteries with 1-mm thick walls can be successfully vitrified by loading cryoprotective agents (CPAs) such as VS55 (8.4 M) or less concentrated DP6 (6 M) and cooling at or beyond their critical cooling rates of 2.5 and 40 °C/min, respectively. Successful warming from this vitrified state, however, can be challenging. For example, convective warming by simple warm-bath immersion...

The i2Snake Robotic Platform for Endoscopic Surgery

Endoscopic procedures have transformed minimally invasive surgery as they allow the examination and intervention on a patient’s anatomy through natural orifices, without the need for external incisions. However, the complexity of anatomical pathways and the limited dexterity of existing instruments, limit such procedures mainly to diagnosis and biopsies. This paper proposes a new...

Robotic Surgery Improves Technical Performance and Enhances Prefrontal Activation During High Temporal Demand

Robotic surgery may improve technical performance and reduce mental demands compared to laparoscopic surgery. However, no studies have directly compared the impact of robotic and laparoscopic techniques on surgeons’ brain function. This study aimed to assess the effect of the operative platform (robotic surgery or conventional laparoscopy) on prefrontal cortical activation during...