JOM

http://link.springer.com/journal/11837

List of Papers (Total 977)

Evaluation of Mechanical Properties and Microstructures of Molybdenum and Niobium Microalloyed Thermomechanically Rolled High-Strength Press Hardening Steel

This article studied the effect of molybdenum and niobium on the microstructures and mechanical properties of laboratory control rolled steels based on grade 22MnB5. The constructed continuous cooling transformation diagrams revealed that an addition of Mo significantly increased the hardenability. Especially in the case of austenite compressed below its recrystallization...

Al8Mn5 Particle Settling and Interactions with Oxide Films in Liquid AZ91 Magnesium Alloys

Al8Mn5 particles form as primary solidification phases in Mg-Al-based alloys and are important for ensuring adequate corrosion resistance. However, excessive Al8Mn5 formation above the α-Mg liquidus temperature can lead to sludge formation, and the clustering of Al8Mn5 particles on oxide films can generate deleterious casting defects. Here, we use analytical SEM and real-time...

Catalytic Role of Process Dust in SO2-to-SO3 Conversion in Flash Smelting Heat Recovery Boilers

The aim of this work is to examine the catalytic role of copper smelter, copper converter, and nickel smelter process dusts in SO2-to-SO3 conversion at 750°C. To clarify the role of specific oxides in greater detail, synthetic dusts containing varying concentrations of either CuO or Fe3O4 were also studied. All studied dusts catalyzed SO3 conversion. Among the industrial flue...

Understanding the Thermodynamics and Crystal Structure of Complex Fe Containing Intermetallic Phases Formed on Solidification of Aluminium Alloys

Ab initio density-functional theory calculations were carried out to investigate the energetics and structure of key Fe-containing intermetallic phases that precipitate from cast Al-Si alloys. These results were compared with published experimental information and used to provide insight into developing improved models to describe the thermodynamic properties of these phases.

The Effect of a Zinc Interlayer on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of a Magnesium Alloy (AZ31)–Aluminum Alloy (6060) Joint Produced by Liquid–Solid Compound Casting

Bimetallic AZ31/6060 joints were produced by compound casting. The process involved pouring liquid magnesium alloy onto a solid aluminum alloy insert placed in a mold. Inserts with and without a zinc surface layer were used. For an insert with no Zn layer, the bonding zone was characterized by a non-homogeneous microstructure. In the area adjacent to the AZ31, there was a...

Additive Manufacturing of Cemented Tungsten Carbide with a Cobalt-Free Alloy Binder by Selective Laser Melting for High-Hardness Applications

Cemented tungsten carbide (WC) is commonly used for wear-resistant applications, such as cutting tools and abrasives due to its extremely high hardness. This hardness leads to post-process machining of WC to be time- and cost-intensive. This study examined the feasibility of additive manufacturing of cemented WC to near-net-shape in an effort to reduce post-process machining. The...

Aluminium Primary Production Off-Gas Composition and Emissions: An Overview

The raw gas composition from primary aluminium production depends mostly on the process technology applied and the composition of the raw materials. At steady state, a stationary condition is established among the material sources, gas production and sinks: the gas treatment centre and escaping gases. Only a few papers discuss the off-gas composition itself; most papers deal with...

The Interface Between Degradable Mg and Tissue

Magnesium (Mg) and its alloys degrade under physiological conditions, which makes them interesting implant materials, especially for osteosynthesis and cardiovascular applications. However, how strong is the connection between the implant, the degradation layer, and the surrounding tissue, namely bone? Considering that microscopically the interface can be separated into the...

Silicon as a Phase Change Material: Performance of h-BN Ceramic During Multi-Cycle Melting/Solidification of Silicon

Silicon has recently been recognized as a potentially attractive phase change material for ultra-high-temperature latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) and conversion systems. It has been proposed that the utilization of silicon’s latent heat should drastically increase the performance of LHTES devices in terms of operational temperatures and available energy density...

A Model and Experimental Validation to Predict Heating Rates for Overlap Between Ferrite Recrystallization and Austenite Transformation in Dual Phase Steel Manufacture

A systematic theoretical and experimental study has been conducted to predict the heating rates required to obtain a pre-defined percentage of overlap between the ferrite recrystallization process and the austenite formation process in dual phase steel manufacture. Isothermal recrystallization kinetics for three different cold-reduced low-carbon micro-alloyed steels (50%, 60...

Characterization of Additive Manufacturing for Process Tubing

Additive manufacturing (AM) is being considered as a primary manufacturing process for heat pipes. The Savannah River National Laboratory is researching AM to fabricate a hydrogen isotope separation unit for a thermal cycling absorption process that cycles from cryogenic to moderate temperatures and is a pressure boundary. AM is being explored as a replacement technology to...

Real-Time Observation of High-Temperature Gas Corrosion in Dry and Wet SO2-Containing Atmosphere

Sulfur and water have a fundamental impact on the corrosion rate and potential failure of materials. It is therefore necessary to understand the mechanisms, rates, and potential means of transport, as well as the reactions of these elements with an alloy. This paper investigates the effect of water vapor in the initial stages of SO2 corrosion of an Fe-9Cr-0.5Mn model alloy at 650...

Repeatedly Applied Peptide Film Kills Bacteria on Dental Implants

The rising use of titanium dental implants has increased the prevalence of peri-implant disease that shortens their useful life. A growing view of peri-implant disease suggests that plaque accumulation and microbiome dysbiogenesis trigger a host immune inflammatory response that destroys soft and hard tissues supporting the implant. The incidence of peri-implant disease is...