European Transport Research Review

http://link.springer.com/journal/12544

List of Papers (Total 294)

A spatial framework for Planning station-based bike sharing systems

BackgroundUrban bike sharing systems (BSS) are currently gaining momentum worldwide. They are regarded as integrated elements of public transport systems and perfectly anticipate the societal trend of the sharing economy as well as healthy and sustainable urban lifestyles. While BSSs are already well established in large metropolises, such as Paris, London or New York City, large...

Intermodal transportation of full and empty containers in harbor-inland regions based on revenue management

IntroductionThe transport of full containers and repositioning of empty containers are essential for the operation of a container logistic enterprise. In a large inland region, railway and road transportation take their own advantages for container transportation in terms of transport efficiency and costs. The combination of the two modes creates larger possibility for logistic...

Heterogeneity of logistics facilities: an issue for a better understanding and planning of the location of logistics facilities

In the last few years, the issue of the location of logistics activities emerged in the literature, in Europe and in the United States, especially from the perspective of logistics spatial dynamics as logistics sprawl. These issues of spatial dynamics question urban policies, because they underline the lack of interest in freight in the planning process. Indeed, one of the major...

Using an integrated order picking-vehicle routing problem to study the impact of delivery time windows in e-commerce

European e-commerce sales are increasing every year. Nowadays, customers buy more frequently online in smaller quantities. Handling this large amount of customer orders puts the logistic activities of the supply chain under pressure. At the same time, customers have high expectations concerning the delivery of their online purchase. In order to meet these expectations at low cost...

Travel time predictions: should one model speeds or travel times?

PurposeTravel time predictions are of importance for individual trip planning as well as for logistics applications. Since travel time and travel speed have a one-one correspondence, the modeller has the choice to model travel times directly or model the corresponding travel speeds and infer the associated time from the speed predictions. A priori it is not clear which of these...

Speed reduction effects over distance of animal-vehicle collision countermeasures – a driving simulator study

PurposeThis study examined if speed reduction effects from animal-vehicle collision (AVC) countermeasures are merely local or do extend to a wider area, and what implications the results have on road planning practice regarding AVCs.MethodsTwenty-five drivers drove repeatedly on a 9-km long road stretch in a high-fidelity driving simulator. The development of vehicle speed in the...

Area-wide real-world test scenarios of poor visibility for safe development of automated vehicles

IntroductionAutomated vehicles in everyday real-world traffic are predicted to be developed soon (Gasser et al., Rechtsfolgen zunehmender Fahrzeugautomatisierung, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Berichte der Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen F83, 2012). New technologies such as advanced object detection and artificial intelligence (AI) that use machine or deep-learning algorithms will support...

A proposal for an operating cycle description format for road transport missions

PurposeThis article presents a proposal for an operating cycle format for describing transport missions of road vehicles, for example a logging truck fetching its cargo. The primary application is in dynamic simulation models for evaluation of energy consumption and other costs of transportation. When applied to product development, the objective is an ensemble of components and...

Experiences of rail intermodal freight transport for low-density high value (LDHV) goods in Europe

ObjectivePrevious studies have suggested an upward growth trend in low density, high value (LDHV) goods in Europe. Such goods require time sensitive, reliable services and currently, most LDHV goods are transported by road. The paper presents the findings of four case studies which detail the barriers and enablers to intermodal rail services for transporting LDHV goods...

Characteristics of variable speed limit systems

The control algorithm used for deciding on the speed limit in variable speed limit systems is crucial for the performance of the systems. The algorithm is designed to fulfil the purpose of the variable speed limit system, which can be one or several of the following aspects: increasing safety, increasing efficiency and decreasing environmental impacts. Today, many of the control...

Utilitarian and hedonic walking: examining the impact of the built environment on walking behavior

IntroductionMost previous studies have mainly focused on utilitarian or recreational walking and discussed their relationship with the built environment. The point is that most of these studies have not been sensitive to the motivation of trips while travel is a complicated behavior and individuals may have different degrees of motivation and utility for a given trip purpose...

Industry strategies for the promotion of E-mobility under alternative policy and economic scenarios

PurposeIn this study, we consider the European electro-mobility market from an industrial perspective, and focus on effects of market conditions and manufacturer strategies, with the objective to gain insight on what could inhibit the successful market penetration of electric powertrain vehicles.MethodsWe use the EC-JRC Powertrain Technology Transition Market Agent Model (PTTMAM...

The use of neuropsychological tests to study the effects of aging on driving performance in the UK

Research was conducted to identify a series of neuropsychological tests to assess the ability to drive. Driving performance of young and old UK drivers was modeled through multiple linear regression and univariate logistic regression tools. The UFOV3 test (i.e. the third subtest of the UFOV test) had comparatively high discriminating ability in separating poor-drivers from not...

SEM application to the household travel survey on weekends versus weekdays: the case of Seoul, South Korea

Purpose This study analyzes the relationship that land use has with weekend travel in comparison to weekday travel. Unlike previous studies, it uses the same sample for two models that are specified to test the relationship separately for weekday and weekend travel. Methods Structural equation modeling is employed to test the land use–travel relationship. A comparison is made...

City-hubs for smarter cities. The case of Lille “EuraFlandres” interchange

Introduction The importance of the transport infrastructure role is often described in the attempt to describe the characteristics of a “smart city”. Good planning and organization of communication networks contributes to the development of cities that are more fluid and user-friendly and sustainable, concepts underlying “smart cities”. The paper focuses on the impact on social...

An analytical model for vehicle miles traveled and carbon emissions for goods delivery scenarios

Introduction This paper presents an analytical model to contrast the carbon emissions from a number of goods delivery methods. This includes individuals travelling to the store by car, and delivery trucks delivering to homes. While the impact of growing home delivery services has been studied with combinatorial approaches, those approaches do not allow for systematic conclusions...

Investigation and sensitivity analysis of air pollution caused by road transportation at signalized intersections using IVE model in Iran

IntroductionThe development of urbanization has had many negative outcomes in different societies. Population growth and the increase in the transportation are the consequences of urban growth which has resulted into problems. Vehicles are responsible for 90% of air pollution in Iran and it is essential to use authentic models of traffic emissions in accordance with the current...

Assessment of existing and future rail freight services and Technologies for low Density High Value Goods in Europe

IntroductionIn recent years there have been major changes in the composition of cargo to the point where, in Europe, semi-finished products (e.g. car parts) and finished goods represent the greatest transport demand. This type of cargo is typically of lower density and higher value (LDHV) than previous goods and requires faster and more reliable transportation. Currently, LDHV...

The role of fines and rewards in the self-regulation of young drivers

Purpose The current study examined the relations between objective and subjective measures of driving patterns, focusing on traffic violations. In addition, the study explored the potential use of rewards in order to modify driving behaviors and examined the relationship between attitudinal and demographic variables and the frequency of speeding. Method We acquired subjective and...

Restrained mobility in a high-accessible and migrant-rich area in downtown Beijing

Purpose Immigrant travel has become an emerging research field in transportation planning. A handful of scholars have studied the travel behavior of residents in immigrant enclaves in North America. However, thus far, there has been no analysis of the travel behavior of residents living in migrant-rich neighborhoods in China. Additionally, previous studies rarely explored whether...

Integrated American-European protocol for safety interventions on existing two-lane rural roads

Purpose The main purpose was to integrate two strategies for road safety analyses (qualitative: audits, inspections; and quantitative: accident predictions) and develop a possible protocol for the safety interventions on existing two-lane rural road segments. Those road sections do not typically belong to the TEN-network, to which the 2008/96/EC Directive is mainly oriented...

Headway distribution models of two-lane roads under mixed traffic conditions: a case study from India

Introduction The time headway of vehicles is of fundamental importance in traffic engineering applications like capacity, level-of-service and safety studies. Further, the performance of traffic simulation depends on inputs into the simulation process and ‘accurate vehicle generation’ is critical in this context. Thus, it is important to define headway distribution pattern for...