Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política

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List of Papers (Total 150)

The constituition as a reserve of justice

The question of the clauses imposing restrictions on constitutional change is examined. The main interpretations concerning the problems and paradoxes raised when the question is viewed from the standpoint of the democratic demands are discussed. It is argued that those clauses area reasonable from this perspective whenever they protect the democratic principles of the...

Political order and subject of right in the debate about human rights

The theoretical debate about human rights during the nineties is analyzed according to two axis: the political order that grants those rights and the relation between the subject and the rule of law. The ultimate questions those axis point out are: first, the state order and the global order and, second, an institutional conception and a sociological conception about how the...

From the colonization of the civil society to the tensions among parties in government and social movements

The present paper aims to review a hypothesis from the social movements' perspective within the frame of collective action problematic. This hypothesis considers that the contact between state's initiatives and social movements could be translated in cooptation, bureaucratization or colonization of social movements. The central argument maintains that the principal problem of...

A desarmonia da democracia

The popular will may give support to political results that contradict the very conditions for popular rule. It is argued that the democratic ideal may be conceived - as a "deliberative democracy" - in such a way as to solve this paradox without deying , as negative liberalism does, the value of self-government in politics. Even for the ideal of deliberative democracy, however...

A formação nacional em Buarque, Freyre e Vianna

A central theme in Brazilian social thought is examined in a comparative analysis of three classic authors, through a comparison between three basic orientations regarding its several dimensions: "realism" (Sérgio Buarque de Holanda), "optimism" (Gilberto Freyre) and "pessimism" (Oliveira Vianna).

Luhmann, Habermas e o estado de direito

Luhmann's "systemic" and Habermas' "discourse" theories may be seen as complementary interpretations of the juridical and political reality of the developed West This point is presented and developed regarding the role of right in the "peripheric modernity", represented by the Brazilian case.

O encaminhamento político das reformas estruturais

The ability of governmental elites to begin, define and sustain processes of structural reform is examined with regard to the cases of Mexico, Bolivia and Brazil.

Reforma do estado e condução política

The power of the state is seen as basically the ability to conduct social processes. It is argued that this dimension regains its centrality after the "neoliberal" wave. The problems in the reconstitution of this capacity in conditions of growing complexity are discussed.

Political dimensions of the consumer's culture

The historical development of a consumer's culture is examined from the viewpoint of its political dimensions, in search of a better understanding of its present conditions. Special attention is given to the ways of organizing the protection of consumer's rights. It is argued that the even if viewed from a critical stance some new trends pointed out in the article allow us to...

Constituição, soberania e ditadura em Carl Schmitt

On the basis of a reconstruction of Schmitt's decisionism and of the analysis of its effects on key terms of his conception like democracy, sovereignty and dictatorship, Schmitts thought is examined regarding his theoretical and practical positions on the constitutional issues of Weimar's Germany and of National-socialism. Special attention is given to how for him the unity and...

The world legal revolution: superlegality and politics

After the end of an epoch in which it was enough for revolutions to claim legitimacy and after a state-based legality has been put at the center of revolutionary changes, there arises the question of whether it is possible to conceive of a worldwide legal revolutionary process outside the limits of the national states. Using his criteria for defining the political - the ability...

Para um novo estado de bem estar na América Latina

The political and economic determinants of a new welfare state in Latin America and the challenges put forward by this task are discussed on the basis of an analysis of the social policies in the context of the context of the ongoing structural adjustment of latinoamerican economies

Menemismo y reforma: revisando el modelo de democracia delegativa

Against Guillermo O'Donnells well-known analysis centered on the idea of a delegative democracy the author holds that the political style of Carlos Menem is to be seen in its novelty rather than as an outcome of Argentine's populist tradition. Menem's style should be understood as an answer to the economic crisis at the end of Alfonsinas presidential rule.

Accountability horizontal e novas poliarquias

The poliarchies developed in the western world have been shaped by three different political traditions: the liberal, the republican and the democratic. The liberal and republican traditions foster horizontal accountability, a crucial feature of those poliarchies wich is not to be found in the new democracies. After discussing what this absence implies ways of generating...

Midia and politics in Brazil: texts and research agenda

A specialist in communication studies and a political scientist present together a panorama of research on the relations between communication midia and political processes in Brazil A research agenda is proposed and a list of texts in this area is presented.

Marx e Engels como sociólogos da religião

More than the question of the Marxist critique of religious alienation this article deals with Marx and Engels' contribution to the sociology of religious facts. A clear view of this field could surprise us, writes the author. The article tries to show the nature of this surprise.

Gênero, ação e sistema: a reinvenção dos sujeitos

After examining some unresolved problems in feminism two important contemporary theoretical models are analysed: that of Habermas and that of Luhmann, this one being seen as offering a perspective based on "difference". At the end some reflections are made concerning the kind of policies which would result from positions no longer limited to a rigid conception of the question of...

The objective dimension of the general will in Hegel

In the sequence of a line of reflection about the problem of democracy in the classics of modern political thought the author examines Hegel's position in this debate. Regarding his connections to Rousseau's thought it is argued that Hegel answers to Rousseau's unilaterally subjetive view of the General Will with an "symmetrically unilateral" view focused on its objetive side...

A Europa unida entre a associação e a barbárie

Speaking before the definition of the European Union the author, deeply involved in the European cause, warns about the alternative: association or barbarism. As the decade comes to its end his words gain a perturbing actuality.

A avaliação de poder nas relações internacionais

The formula proposed by Ray Cline, a political theorist of the realist school, for measuring the power of countries in the international system is examined. The formula is used in a comparative examination of Brazil and Argentina.

Multidimensional global security

Dealing with a topic dear to thje realist approach, that of international security, it is shown how this problem can no longer be conceived in the post-Cold War era solely in terms of the realist theory. The conception of international security concerned only with the action of states must be replaced by a conception of "multidimensional security".

Brazil and the reform of the UN

The debate over the proposals for an institucional reform of the UN is examined, in connection with questions of national sovereignty and human rights, peace enforcement operations, promotion of economic development and democratization of decision-making by the organization. Brazilian views on these issues are also discussed.

A comunidade cívica em Walter e Putnam

The article contrasts two conceptions of civic community: Michael Walzer's and Robert Putnam's. It is argued that Walzer's republicanism remains heavily influenced by civic humanism and its view of social unity as founded on a specific conception of the good life (that is, the life of the active and virtuous citizen). In contrast, Putnam's empirical researches on "social capital...

Maria da Conceição Tavares e a hegemonia Americana

One aspect of the work of the economist Maria da Conceição Tavares, concerning the economic analysis of international relations, is examined with reference to her views on the "resumption of American hegemony"

Uma teoria critica do reconhecimento

The idea of social recognition is examined regarding its range and its application domain. Special attention is given to the contributions of Charles Taylor and Axel Honneth. It is argued that this perspective is particularly promising for the refinement of analyses involving multiple cultural identities in complex societies.