China Foundry

http://link.springer.com/journal/41230

List of Papers (Total 101)

Effect of casting methods on microstructure and mechanical properties of ZM5 space flight magnesium alloy

The counter-gravity casting methods have been developed to remove the casting defects of Mg based alloys. However, the effects of different counter-gravity casting methods on the microstructure and mechanical properties have not been studied in detail. ZM5 alloys were prepared by gravity casting, low-pressure casting and counter-pressure casting, respectively. The mechanical...

Phase-field simulation of competitive growth of grains in a binary alloy during directional solidification

Taking Al-2%mole-Cu binary alloy as an example, the influence of grain orientation on competitive growth of dendrites under different competitive modes was investigated by using the three-dimensional (3-D) phase-field method. The result of phase-field simulation was verified by applying cold spray and directional remelting. In the simulation process, two competitive modes were...

High-quality manufacturing method of complicated castings based on multi-material hybrid moulding process

A multi-material hybrid patternless moulding process for complicated castings has been proposed. Moulding sands used in the hybrid moulding process include silica sand, ceramic sand, chromite sand, zircon sand, and steel shot sand. Experimental method was used to study the effects of moulding sands on the temperature field, mechanical properties, and dimensional precision of the...

Detection technology of micro residual core in small inner cavity of complex castings

A new technology for detecting a tiny residual core in the small inner cavity of complex castings is proposed. The residual core is identified by using image recognition technology. Tracer processing and image signal processing are combined to enhance the image contrast. The relationships between the concentration of tracer, the size of the residual core, the wall thickness of...

Tensile behavior of Ti-6Al-4V alloy fabricated by selective laser melting: effects of microstructures and as-built surface quality

Selective laser melting (SLM) is a powerful additive manufacturing (AM) technology, of which the most prominent advantage is the ability to produce components with a complex geometry. The service performances of the SLM-processed components depend on the microstructure and surface quality. In this work, the microstructures, mechanical properties, and fracture behaviors of SLM...

Effects of process parameters on morphology and distribution of externally solidified crystals in microstructure of magnesium alloy die castings

During the cold-chamber high pressure die casting (HPDC) process, samples were produced to investigate the microstructure characteristics of AM60B magnesium alloy. Special attention was paid to the effects of process parameters on the morphology and distribution of externally solidified crystals (ESCs) in the microstructure of magnesium alloy die castings, such as slow shot phase...

Effects of hot top pulsed magneto-oscillation on solidification structure of steel ingot

Achieving a uniform structure with few defects in heavy steel ingot is of high commercial importance. In this present work, in order to verify the potential of pulsed magneto-oscillation (PMO) applied in the production of heavy ingot, an induction coil was located at the hot top of the steel ingot to develop a novel technique, named hot top pulsed magneto oscillation (HPMO). The...

Ignition-proof performance and mechanism of AZ91D-3Nd-xDy magnesium alloys at high temperatures

This study focused on the synergistic effect of alloying elements neodymium (Nd) and dysprosium (Dy) on the ignition-proof performance of AZ91D alloy. The ignition-proof mechanism of AZ91D-3Nd-xDy (x = 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5wt.%) alloy was discussed in depth through ignition-proof testing and microstructure observation. The results showed that the AZ91 D-3Nd-2Dy alloy...

Solidification pathways and hot tearing susceptibility of MgZnxY4Zr0.5 alloys

Hot tearing is known as one of the most serious solidification defects commonly encountered during solidification. It is very important to study the solidification path of alloys. In the work, thermal analysis with cooling curve was used for the investigation of microstructure evolution with different Zn contents during solidification process of MgZnxY4Zr0.5 alloys. Thermal...

Synergistic effects of composition and heat treatment on microstructure and properties of vacuum die cast Al-Si-Mg-Mn alloys

The purpose of this study was to prepare high-quality Al-Si-Mg-Mn alloy with a good combination of strength and ductility employing the vacuum-assisted high-pressure die cast process. An orthogonal study of heat treatments was conducted to design an optimized T6 heat treatment process for both AI-10%Si-0.3%Mg-Mn and AI-11%Si-0.6%Mg-Mn alloys. The results demonstrate that no...

Niobium addition effect in molds at last cooling step on EN-GJL250 gray cast iron: Microstructural changes and electrochemical behavior

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of niobium addition as an inoculation element on the microstructure and electrochemical properties of EN-FGL250 gray cast iron. Niobium additions are in a powder form and have a 0.5 mm particle size at dfferent proportions of 1wt.% and 3wt.%. The addition was done during casting of the metal in the mold at the last cooling...

Controlled cooling of an aluminum alloy casting based on 3D printed rib reinforced shell mold

3D printing technology has been used for sand molding and core printing, but they simply substitute the traditional molding and core making method without changing the shape or size of the sand mold (core) and their dense structure. In this study, a new type of hollow mold based on 3D printing is presented. The new type of mold is a rib reinforced thickness-varying shell mold...

Effects of austempering temperature on microstructure and surface residual stress of carbidic austempered ductile iron (CADI) grinding balls

The effects of austempering temperature on microstructure and surface residual stress of carbidic austempered ductile iron (CADI) grinding balls were systematically investigated in this work. The microstructures were oberserved by optical metallography and analyized by X-ray diffraction. The surface residual stress measured by the cutting method is mainly composed of thermal...

Microstructure evolution and liquid phase separation in Ta-O hypermonotectic melts during laser-cladding

A three-layer Ta2O5-containing coating was successfully fabricated by laser cladding on a pure Ta substrate. The maximum thickness of such a coating is about 1.6 mm. The microstructure, phase constitution and elemental distribution in the coating were investigated. Results show that the coating has been metallurgically bonded to the Ta substrate and the microstructure exhibits a...

Development of a new instrument for measurement of high temperature mechanical properties of resin-bonded sand

The mechanical properties of resin-bonded sand mixtures at high temperatures significantly affect the quality of casting. However, the existing instruments for high-temperature performances testing mainly focus on inorganic binder-bonded sands no matter the test items or the atmospheric protection, while the instrumentss specially designed for resin-bonded sand are not yet...

Effect of Nd content on microstructure and mechanical properties of as-cast Mg-12Li-3Al alloy

In order to improve the mechanical properties of Mg-Li alloy with single β phase structure, Mg-12Li-3Al-xNd (x=0.3, 0.7, 1.1, 2.0wt.%) alloy was prepared. Subsequently, the as-cast microstructure and mechanical properties were observed and tested. The results showed that the structure of Mg-12Li-3Al-xNd (x=0.3, 0.7, 1.1, 2.0wt.%) as-cast alloy was composed of β phase matrix and...

Influence of AlTi3C0.15 modification treatment on damping properties of ZnAl10 alloy

Zn-Al alloys constitute an interesting group of foundry alloys. Due to a relatively low melting temperature, they allow a decrease in energy-consumption of the melting process and alloy preparation. The vibration damping ability is one of the most interesting properties of the Zn-Al alloys. Zn-Al alloys are divided into two groups: the low-aluminium and high-aluminium alloys. The...

Microstructure of shear-induced thixoformed Al-4.5Cu-1.5Mg alloy via RAP and SSTT processes

In this research, the effect of the thixoforming temperature on the microstructure and mechanical properties was investigated in the thixoforming of the feedstock produced by the RAP (recrystallization and partial melting) and SSTT (semi-solid thermal transformation) processes for Al-4.5Cu-1.5Mg alloy. In the RAP process, the percentage reduction in area was approximately 35...

Effect of Fe2B boride orientation on abrasion wear resistance of Fe-B cast alloy

The microstructures and abrasion wear resistance of directional solidification Fe-B alloy have been investigated using optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and laser scanning microscopy. The results show that the microstructure of as-cast Fe-B alloy consists of ferrite, pearlite and eutectic boride. After heat treatment, the microstructure is...

Solidification microstructure of centrifugally cast Inconel 625

Centrifugal casting is a foundry process allowing the production of near net-shaped axially symmetrical components. The present study focuses on the microstructural characterization of centrifugally cast alloys featuring different chemical compositions for the construction of spheres applied in valves made of alloy IN625 for operation at high pressure. Control of the...

Influence of thermal exposure on microstructure and stress rupture properties of a new Re-containing single crystal Ni-based superalloy

In this study, the long-term thermal microstructural stability and related stress rupture lives of a new Re-containing Ni-based single-crystal superalloy, DD11, were investigated after high-temperature exposure for different lengths of time. The results show that the γ′ precipitates retained a cuboidal morphology and the γ′ size increased after short thermal exposure for 50 h at...

Microstructure and properties of TP2 copper tube with La microalloying by horizontal continuous casting

The TP2 copper tube was prepared with La microalloying by horizontal continuous casting (HCC). The absorptivity of La and its effects on microstructure, tensile and corrosion properties of HCC TP2 copper tube were studied by means of the inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES), optical microscope (OM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and...

Insulation effect of air cavity in sand mold using 3D printing technology

The insulation effect of the air cavity surrounding the riser in a 3D printed sand mold was studied. The influence of the air cavity on heat flux was theoretically analyzed. The results demonstrated that the heat flux of the air cavity in the 3D printed sand mold was significantly less than that of resin-bonded sand. The insulation effect of the air cavity in sand molds for a...

Phase-field numerical simulation of three-dimensional competitive growth of dendrites in a binary alloy

The normal vector of migration direction in the solid-liquid interface of dendrites was used to describe the phase-field governing equation. By using the three angles formed by the normal vector for the migration direction of the dendritic growth interface and the coordinate axes of the simulation region, the authors expressed the interfacial anisotropy equation, and built a...

Effect of Cr on microstructure and oxidation behavior of TiAl-based alloy with high Nb

Three novel multi-microalloying TiAl-based alloys containing high Nb were designed and fabricated. Thermogravimetric method was applied to investigate the influence of Cr on the oxidation behavior of high Nb-TiAl alloy at 1,073 K for 200 h in laboratory air. The 2at.% and 4at.% Cr were added into the alloy, (respectively named 2Cr and 4Cr compared to the Cr-free ternary alloy...