Clínica y Salud

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List of Papers (Total 15)

ESQUIZO-Q: Un Instrumento para la Valoración del "Alto Riesgo Psicométrico

The aim of the "psychometric high risk" paradigm is the detection, by means of self-report measures and based on score profiles, of those individuals with a higher theoretical vulnerability of moving toward a psychotic disorder in the future. The early detection of this type of at-risk individual requires adequate assessment instruments that allow us to make solid and well...

El Síndrome de Kraepelin-Bleuler-Schneider y la Conciencia Moderna: Una Aproximación a la Historia de la Esquizofrenia

This article offers a panoramic assessment of the history of schizophrenia. It describes first the foundations of the conventional clinical concept as in the classic works of Emil Kraepelin, Eugen Bleuler and Kurt Schneider. Afterwards, and as a counterpoint to its external or objective characterization, the article presents some of the most notable aspects of the schizophrenic...

Influencia de las Emociones Negativas (Ansiedad, Depresión e Ira) sobre la Eficacia de un Programa de Tratamiento Cognitivo Conductual de Deshabituación al Tabaco

The main goal of this research is to analyze the influence of anxiety, anger and depression, as negative emotions, on the efficiency of a cognitive-behavioral treatment program for giving up smoking. These three emotional responses were assessed in a final sample of 180 subjects before starting the treatment program. Subjects with high scores in depression showed significant...

Character strengths in Spain: validation of the Values in Action Inventory of Strengths (VIA-IS) in a Spanish sample

The Values in Action Inventory of Strengths (VIA-IS; Peterson, Park, & Seligman, 2005) is a self-report questionnaire that measures 24 widely valued strengths of character. In this paper we present the psychometric properties of the Spanish translation in a sample of 1,060 adults. We analyzed its associations with life satisfaction and positive and negative affect, and examined...

Dependency, detachment and psychopathology in a nonclinical sample: General relations and gender differences: is there a new line of inquiry on paranoid pathology?

In this study, both Bornstein's Relationship Profile Test (RPT) and Derogatis' Symptom Ckeck List (SCL-90-R) were administered to a nonclinical sample of 119 subjects from Madrid (Spain). Healthy dependency, dysfunctional detachment and destructive overdependence (RPT subscales) were evaluated and correlated with SCL-90-R symptom dimensions. Destructive overdependence correlated...

Prevención de la depresión en cuidadoras no profesionales: relación entre habilidades de solución de problemas y síntomas depresivos

The goal of the present study was to assess depressive symptoms, problem-solving skills, and their role in therapeutic change in an indicated prevention of depression intervention aimed at non-professional female caregivers. We performed a randomized controlled trial in which participants were randomized to a problem-solving intervention (n = 89) or a usual care control group (n...

The role of the estrous cycle in activity-based anorexia: a comparative study of sexual differences in rats

The present study evaluates the effects of the estrous cycle on activity-based anorexia by identifying the successive phases of the estrous cycle of female rats before, during, and after exposure to the experimental conditions. Activity-based anorexia is established when rats are exposed to a restricted-feeding schedule (1 hour) while having free access to a running wheel (23...

Salud y sobrecarga percibida en personas cuidadoras familiares de una zona rural

The objectives of this paper are to know the characteristics of caregivers in two rural areas, to know if their health is worse than that of non-caregivers, and to determine the variables related to their perception of the burden. The study uses a non-experimental, observational design, i.e., case vs. control with 88 caregivers and 81 non-caregivers. The following variables were...

Verbally Conditioning Client Behaviors in the Therapeutic Setting

In this article we address the question of how a client´s behavior can be changed by the verbal interactions in the therapeutic setting. We suggest that when such change occurs, regardless of the theoretical orientation of the therapist, the client´s behavior has been verbally conditioned. In particular, any verbal stimulus in the therapy setting that produces such change alters...

Esquemas cognitivos en personas con conducta de juego patológico y su relación con experiencias de crianza

This study examines whether people suffering from pathological gambling have maladaptive cognitive schemata and whether their parents provided them with negative parenting during their childhood. A sample of 167 subjects involved in pathological gambling (77.2 percent of them were men and 22.8 percent were women) and a control sample of 167 subjects that were not involved in...

Un estudio sobre personalidad, ansiedad y depresión en padres de pacientes con un trastorno alimentario

Objective: to study personality, anxiety and depression in parents of patients in an eating disorder sample (ED) compared with a control group. Method: 100 families (consisting of father, mother and daughter) with a daughter suffering from ED [DSM-IV] (32 with restrictive anorexia nervosa, 31 with bulimic anorexia nervosa and 37 with bulimia nervosa], and a control group of 90...

Problemas emocionales y de conducta en hermanos de menores con diagnóstico de trastorno mental

This study analyzes emotional and behavioral problems in children with siblings who have being diagnosed a mental disease (MD). The sample consisted of 153 children ranging from 4 to 18 years old, 58 of whom had MD siblings and 95 did not -control group. The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL, Achenbach and Edelbrock, 1983) was used to assess behavioral problems. Although none of the...