Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC)

https://link.springer.com/journal/11240

List of Papers (Total 169)

mRNA transcription profile of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in response to explant cutting

The explant is an important parameter in plant tissue culture. Most plant tissue culture studies in the literature have focused almost exclusively on the use of explants as a tool for organogenesis or (micro)propagation, and there is limited information that documents the changes that occur in explants in response to cutting during explant preparation just prior to or during...

Cryopreservation by encapsulation-dehydration affects the vegetative growth of chrysanthemum but does not disturb its chimeric structure

Little is known about the stability of plant chimeras after exposure to liquid nitrogen. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cryopreservation on the cytogenetic and genetic stability, as well as vegetative and generative growth of chrysanthemums that are a solid mutant (‘Richmond’) or periclinal chimeras (‘Lady Orange’ and ‘Lady Salmon’). The following...

Cryopreservation of Ribes nigrum (L.) dormant buds: recovery via in vitro culture to the field

Cryopreservation of dormant buds can be a feasible method for long term preservation of clonally propagated woody plants. In the present study, dormant buds of blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L) cultivar Mortti were cryopreserved. Twig segments from greenhouse and field grown plants were cooled at their natural moisture content at the rate of 0.17 °C min−1 from zero to −38 °C...

EIN2 and COI1 control the antagonism between ethylene and jasmonate in adventitious rooting of Arabidopsis thaliana thin cell layers

Auxins induce adventitious roots (ARs) in numerous culture-systems, and indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) is frequently the best AR-inducer. Vitamin requirements vary according to species, explant, and culture-conditions. Arabidopsis thaliana thin cell layers (AtTCLs) are uncapable of AR-formation on hormone-free medium containing thiamine and myo-inositol, whereas ARs are induced when...

Overexpression of BcbZIP134 negatively regulates the biosynthesis of saikosaponins

Chaihu, the dried roots of several Bupleurum species, are widely used as herbal drugs. Triterpene saponins, as saikosaponins (SSs) in Chaihu, exhibit a wide range of pharmacological actions, including significant anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, hepatoprotective, antioxidant, anti-tumor and antiviral activities. To explore the regulatory biosynthesis of SS in Bupleurum...

Development of plant regeneration and Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation methodology for Physalis pruinosa

Physalis pruinosa, also known as groundcherry, produces a small, yellow, highly nutritious edible fruit that is enveloped by a papery husk. In order for the potential of large-scale production of P. pruinosa fruit to be realized, undesirable characteristics, such as an unmanageable, sprawling growth habit and extensive fruit drop, need to be improved by exploiting approaches...

Abnormalities in somatic embryogenesis caused by 2,4-D: an overview

Somatic embryogenesis is a morphogenetic event where somatic cells have the ability to produce embryos without gamete fusion. It is used as a technique for plant mass propagation. It is a process that has six well defined steps such as induction, expression, development, maturation, germination and plant conversion. These steps are characterized by distinct physiological...

Application of the salt stress to the protoplast cultures of the carrot (Daucus carota L.) and evaluation of the response of regenerants to soil salinity

This is the first study to generate carrot plants for enhanced salinity tolerance using a single-cell in vitro system. Protoplasts of three carrot accessions were exposed to treatment by seven different concentrations of NaCl (10–400 mM). Salt concentrations higher than 50 mM decreased plating efficiency and those of 200–400 mM of NaCl completely arrested mitotic divisions of...

Suppression of Fusarium oxysporum with recombinant polygalacturonase inhibiting proteins (BvPGIPs) extracted from sugar beet roots

Soil-borne fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. betae (Fob) is the causative agent of Fusarium yellows in sugar beet. Leaf interveinal yellowing and root vascular discoloration significantly reduce root yield as well as sucrose content and juice purity. Fob, like other fungal pathogens, initiates disease development by secreting polygalacturonase (PG) enzymes to break down plant cell...

Explant type and stress treatment determine the uni- and multicellular origin of somatic embryos in the tree fern Cyathea delgadii Sternb.

Cyathea delgadii is the first fern species for which somatic embryogenesis (SE) has recently been described. With this discovery, a new experimental model for exploration of SE was found. In this study, the effect of explant type (stipe and internode), length and diameter of the explant-donor frond, and stress treatment (by sucrose and air desiccation) on somatic embryo origin...

Comparing nursery behavior, field plant yield and fruit quality of in vitro and in vivo propagated strawberry mother plants

In different countries, mostly in EU, rules for strawberry nursery propagation impose the use of micropropagation only to produce stock virus free plant followed by at least three nursery production cycles in the field before selling these plants to growers. This limit has been imposed by problems concerning true-to-type plants observed in micro-propagated plants of some...

Modes of morphogenesis inheritance in vitro in strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.)

The phenomenon of morphogenesis observed in in vitro cultures, as the ability of cultured cells and/or plant tissues to regenerate into a complete plant, is used for propagation of orchard species plants of the genus Fragaria spp. Genetic mechanisms controlling the in vitro morphogenesis process are still not fully understood. Research has been conducted to broaden knowledge...

Effect of jasmonic acid on cold-storage of Taraxacum pieninicum encapsulated shoot tips

Jasmonic acid is involved in plants response to various abiotic and biotic stresses. The aim of this study was to examine physiological response of Taraxacum pieninicum to JA-treatments during shoots micropropagation and during cold storage at 4 °C under reduced light or in the darkness. Obtained results indicated that JA during preculture reduced significantly growth of shoots...

Agitated shoot cultures of Aronia arbutifolia and Aronia ×  prunifolia: biotechnological studies on the accumulation of phenolic compounds and biotransformation capability

In methanolic extracts of the biomass from agitated cultures of Aronia arbutifolia and Aronia × prunifolia grown on four variants of the Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium, with different concentrations of plant growth regulators (PGRs): BA and NAA (0.5–3.0 mg/l), the quantities of phenolic acids (19 compounds) and flavonoids (11 compounds) were estimated using the LC-DAD method...

Positive responses of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) explants to salicylic and iron nanoparticle application under salinity conditions

Strawberry explants cv. Queen Elisa were cultured under in vitro conditions to monitor the application of salicylic acid (SA) and iron nanoparticles (INs) in response to salinity. Three levels of salinity (0, 50, and 100 mM NaCl), three levels of iron nanoparticles (0.0, 0.08, and 0.8 ppm), and three SA concentrations (0.0, 0.01, 0.05 mM) were applied. Salinity showed negative...

Antimitotic and hormone effects on green double haploid plant production through anther culture of Mediterranean japonica rice

Rice double haploid (DH) plants are produced mainly through anther culture. In order to improve the anther culture protocol, microspores of two japonica rice genotypes (NRVC980385 and H28) were subjected to three growth regulator combinations and four colchicine treatments on induction medium. In addition, a post anther culture procedure using colchicine or oryzalin was tested to...

Photo-oxidation modulates green fern spore longevity during dry storage

Desiccation tolerance and longevity of plant propagules in the dry state have significant implications for biotechnological applications. In this study fern spores were used as a unicellular model to characterize some of the mechanisms of ageing during dry storage of plant propagules (at relative humidity ca. 15%). More specifically, we compared the potential relationships among...

Efficient long-term conservation of Taraxacum pieninicum synthetic seeds in slow growth conditions

The aim of this paper was to develop a protocol for efficient storage of artificial seeds of Taraxacum pieninicum, critically endangered Asteraceae species. Storage under reduced light conditions or in the darkness was tested on a basis of synthetic seeds ability to conversion and post-storage regrowth of shoot tips. The results indicated that synseeds obtained from shoot tips of...

LED lighting affects plant growth, morphogenesis and phytochemical contents of Myrtus communis L. in vitro

The influence of light quality and cytokinin content in media on growth, development, photosynthetic pigments and secondary metabolite content of Myrtus communis L. was evaluated in an in vitro culture. Various treatments with light emitting diodes (LEDs): 100% blue (B), a mix of 70% red and 30% blue (RB) and 100% red were applied and compared with a traditional fluorescent lamp...