Theoretical and Applied Climatology

http://link.springer.com/journal/704

List of Papers (Total 215)

Durability of snow cover and its long-term variability in the Western Sudetes Mountains

This paper presents the results of the analysis of the Western Sudetes’ snow cover temporal and spatial changes, as well as it demonstrates the research on the long-term trends in the changes of snow cover durability. In order to conduct the study, the coefficient of snow cover durability (V) was used, which was defined as the quotient of the actual and the potential time of snow...

A comparison of bioclimatic conditions on Franz Josef Land (the Arctic) between the turn of the nineteenth to twentieth century and present day

The paper presents the variability of meteorological conditions: air temperature, wind speed and relative air humidity; and biometeorological indices: wind chill temperature, predicted clothing insulation and accepted level of physical activity on Franz Josef Land (in Teplitz Bay and Calm Bay) in the years 1899–1931. It employs meteorological measurements taken during four...

Characterising droughts in Central America with uncertain hydro-meteorological data

Central America is frequently affected by droughts that cause significant socio-economic and environmental problems. Drought characterisation, monitoring and forecasting are potentially useful to support water resource management. Drought indices are designed for these purposes, but their ability to characterise droughts depends on the characteristics of the regional climate and...

Sea breeze front identification on the northeastern coast of Brazil and its implications for meteorological conditions in the Sergipe region

The common idea that the sea breeze is a phenomenon that is always beneficial to the thermal from point of view is questioned in this study, since the sea breeze front (SBF) development is related with warmer days in the Sergipe region, located in the northeastern coast of Brazil. For this reason, the first climatology of the SBF and its potential implications on meteorological...

Kinematic and thermodynamic conditions related to convective systems with a bow echo in Poland

Severe wind events are often related to the occurrence of mesoscale convective systems with arch-shaped radar reflectivity, i.e., a bow echo. In this research, the kinematic and thermodynamic conditions associated with 91 bow echo cases which occurred in the warm season (i.e., from early April until late September) in Poland (2007–2014) were analyzed. The environmental conditions...

Climate change and water resources in arid regions: uncertainty of the baseline time period

Recent climate change studies have given a lot of attention to the uncertainty that stems from general circulation models (GCM), greenhouse gas emission scenarios, hydrological models and downscaling approaches. Yet, the uncertainty that stems from the selection of the baseline period has not been studied. Accordingly, the main research question is as follows: What would be the...

Evaluation of rainfall simulations over Uganda in CORDEX regional climate models

The study evaluates the ability of ten regional climate models (RCMs) to simulate the present-day rainfall over Uganda within the Coordinated Regional Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) for the period 1990–2008. The models’ ability to reproduce the space-time variability of annual, seasonal, and interannual rainfall has been diagnosed. A series of metrics have been employed to...

Evaluating the impact of karst rocky desertification on regional climate in Southwest China with WRF

It has been confirmed that the karst rocky desertification (KRD) has severely changed the interactions between atmosphere and terrestrial ecosystem which would cause a significant effect on regional climate system. In this study, the Weather and Research Forecasting model was applied to investigate the biogeophysical impact on temperature and precipitation change by land use/land...

Effect of the African greenbelt position on West African summer climate: a regional climate modeling study

This modeling study is conducted to examine the potential impact of the reforestation (greenbelt) location (either in Sahel or in Guinean region) on West African summer climate system. To this end, three simulations using the regional climate model RegCM4 driven by ERA-Interim reanalysis were performed at 50 km horizontal resolution over a West African domain for the period 2000...

The severity of drought and precipitation prediction in the eastern fringe of the Tibetan Plateau

The trend, severity, and duration of drought in the eastern fringe of the Tibetan Plateau (EFTP) have been investigated using the Mann-Kendall (M-K) trend test, standardized precipitation index (SPI), and generalized extreme value (GEV), using data obtained from 438 rainfall stations and reanalysis datasets for the period 1961–2014. A recent drought trend is evident from a...

Trends in observed mean and extreme precipitation within the Yellow River Basin, China

We analyzed spatiotemporal precipitation trends within the Yellow River Basin (YRB) in China and examined the connection between the changes in average and extreme precipitation indices. Data from 423 weather stations recorded from 1961 to 2016 were analyzed using the Mann-Kendall test to explore the linear trends of relationships between various indices, along with a simple...

Heat-related mortality during hot summers in Polish cities

The aim of this study was to estimate a likely number of additional fatalities in ten largest cities in Poland, recorded during heat waves in particularly hot summer seasons. In the period of 1989–2012, for which data on mortality were available, the most intense, long-lasting, summer heat waves occurred in 1992, 1994, 2006, and 2010. The numbers of fatalities in these years were...

Spatial characteristics of precipitation shortfalls in the Greater Alpine Region—a data-based analysis from observations

In this paper, we investigate space time patterns of meteorological drought events in the Greater Alpine Region (GAR) of Europe. A long-term gridded dataset of monthly precipitation sums spanning the last 210 years is used to assess abnormally dry states using a shortfall below a monthly precipitation percentile threshold. These anomalies are calculated for 1, 3, 6, and 12...

Vertical climatic belts in the Tatra Mountains in the light of current climate change

The paper discusses temporal changes in the configuration of vertical climatic belts in the Tatra Mountains as a result of current climate change. Meteorological stations are scarce in the Tatra Mountains; therefore, we modelled decadal air temperatures using existing data from 20 meteorological stations and the relationship between air temperature and altitude. Air temperature...

Temporal structure of thermal inversions in Łeba (Poland)

This study presents the detailed characteristics of thermal inversions based on a 10-year aerological measurement series (2005–2014) conducted in Łeba (Poland). The analyses included surface-based inversions (SBIs) and elevated inversions (ELIs) in the atmospheric layer up to 3000 m. In the case of SBIs, this layer extended directly from the ground level to an altitude above...

Variability of thermal and precipitation conditions in the growing season in Poland in the years 1966–2015

The aim of the study was to identify the thermal and precipitation conditions and their changes in the growing season in Poland in the years 1966–2015. Data on average daily air temperature and daily precipitation totals for 30 stations from the period of 1966–2015 were used. The data were obtained from the collections of the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management—National...

High-resolution dynamical downscaling of re-analysis data over the Kerguelen Islands using the WRF model

We have used the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to simulate the climate of the Kerguelen Islands (49° S, 69° E) and investigate its inter-annual variability. Here, we have dynamically downscaled 30 years of the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) over these islands at 3-km horizontal resolution. The model output is found to agree well with the station and...

Variability of precipitation in Poland under climate change

The surface warming has been widespread over the entire globe. Central Europe, including Poland, is not an exception. Global temperature increases are accompanied by changes in other climatic variables. Climate change in Poland manifests itself also as change in annual sums of precipitation. They have been slightly growing but, what is more important, seasonal and monthly...