Journal of Inflammation

https://journal-inflammation.biomedcentral.com

List of Papers (Total 572)

The role of N-glycosylation of CD200-CD200R1 interaction in classical microglial activation

Microglial inflammatory activation is the common feature of the central nervous system (CNS) diseases. Microglia can be activated and particularly polarized toward a dual role in the injured CNS. The CD200 receptor 1 (CD200R1) inhibits inflammatory microglia activation as illustrated by studies. Publications show abnormal activation of microglia secondary to the deficient inhibit...

Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (trpa1) mediates il-1β-induced apoptosis in rat chondrocytes via calcium overload and mitochondrial dysfunction

Chondrocyte apoptosis is a central feature in the progression of osteoarthritis (OA), and would be triggered by sustained elevation of intracellular calcium ion (Ca2+), also known as a cellular second messenger. Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is a membrane-associated cation channel, and the activation of which causes an influx of cation ions, in particularly Ca2...

Dynamics of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptors and their ligands in aqueous humour during ranibizumab for age-related macular degeneration

Intravitreal ranibizumab injection (IRI) is effective for patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and decreases intraocular levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), but VEGF receptor intraocular dynamics after IRI are unclear. Therefore, we evaluated changes in the aqueous humor levels of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor...

Cannabinoid 2 receptor attenuates inflammation during skin wound healing by inhibiting M1 macrophages rather than activating M2 macrophages

The anti-inflammatory properties of the cannabinoid 2 receptor (CB2R) in injury and inflammatory diseases have been widely substantiated. Specifically, the anti-inflammatory effect of CB2R may be achieved by regulating macrophage polarisation. Several research findings suggested that the activation of CB2R could attenuate inflammation by reducing pro-inflammatory M1 macrophage...

ZNF580 – a brake on Interleukin-6

Zinc finger protein 580 (ZNF580) was reported to modulate angiogenesis, endothelial homeostasis and blood pressure control. ZNF580 regulated genes include VEGF-A and IL-8. However, it is unknown if ZNF580 could play a role during inflammation. The aim of this study was to find out if ZNF580 affects the expression of IL-6, if it occurs in monocytic cells and responds to...

In vitro suppression of inflammatory cytokine response by methionine sulfoximine

The glutamine synthetase inhibitor methionine sulfoximine (MSO), shown previously to prevent death caused by an inflammatory liver response in mice, was tested on in vitro production of cytokines by mouse peritoneal macrophages triggered with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). MSO significantly reduced the production of Interleukin 6 (IL-6) and Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha (TNFα) at 4 and...

Expression and clinical significance of the NEK7-NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

The aim of the study was to investigate the expression of the NEK7-NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), as well as its clinical significance. A total of 38 SLE patients and 33 healthy volunteers were recruited. Real time PCR and western blotting were performed to determine mRNA...

Anti-inflammatory effect of hesperidin enhances chondrogenesis of human mesenchymal stem cells for cartilage tissue repair

Articular cartilage diseases are considered a major health problem, and tissue engineering using human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been shown as a promising solution for cartilage tissue repair. Hesperidin is a flavonoid extract from citrus fruits with anti-inflammatory properties. We aimed to investigate the effect of hesperidin on MSCs for cartilage tissue repair. MSCs...

Caspase recruitment domain (CARD) family (CARD9, CARD10, CARD11, CARD14 and CARD15) are increased during active inflammation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

The CARD family plays an important role in innate immune response by the activation of NF-κB. The aim of this study was to determine the gene expression and to enumerate the protein-expressing cells of some members of the CARD family (CARD9, CARD10, CARD11, CARD14 and CARD15) in patients with IBD and normal controls without colonic inflammation. We included 48 UC patients, 10...

Intestinally-restricted Janus Kinase inhibition: a potential approach to maximize the therapeutic index in inflammatory bowel disease therapy

An unmet need remains for safe and effective treatments to induce and maintain remission in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. The Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, tofacitinib, has demonstrated robust efficacy in ulcerative colitis patients although, like other systemic immunosuppressants, there may be safety concerns associated with its use. This preclinical study evaluated...

Systematic review of randomized controlled trials in the treatment of dry eye disease in Sjogren syndrome

Primary Sjögren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by dry eye and dry mouth. We systematically reviewed all the randomized controlled clinical trials published in the last 15 years that included ocular outcomes. We found 22 trials involving 9 topical, 10 oral, 2 intravenous and 1 subcutaneous modalities of treatment. Fluoromethalone eye drops over 8 weeks were more...

Intestinally-restricted Janus Kinase inhibition: a potential approach to maximize the therapeutic index in inflammatory bowel disease therapy

An unmet need remains for safe and effective treatments to induce and maintain remission in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. The Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, tofacitinib, has demonstrated robust efficacy in ulcerative colitis patients although, like other systemic immunosuppressants, there may be safety concerns associated with its use. This preclinical study evaluated...

Detection of circulating natural antibodies to inflammatory cytokines in type-2 diabetes and clinical significance

Inflammatory cytokines have been demonstrated to be involved in developing insulin resistance and type-2 diabetes (T2D). Natural antibodies in the circulation have protective effects on common diseases in humans. The present study was thus designed to test the hypothesis that natural antibodies against inflammatory cytokines could be associated with T2D. An enzyme-linked...

Hyperoside attenuates dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice possibly via activation of the Nrf2 signalling pathway

Hyperoside (Hyp) is a flavonoid glycoside compound that has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and antioxidant effects. However, the impact of Hyp on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been previously explored. Thus, we evaluated the role of Hyp in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced acute colitis in mice. We established a mouse model of...

Systematic review of randomized controlled trials in the treatment of dry eye disease in Sjogren syndrome

Primary Sjögren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by dry eye and dry mouth. We systematically reviewed all the randomized controlled clinical trials published in the last 15 years that included ocular outcomes. We found 22 trials involving 9 topical, 10 oral, 2 intravenous and 1 subcutaneous modalities of treatment. Fluoromethalone eye drops over 8 weeks were more...

Treatment with 24 h–delayed normo- and hyperbaric oxygenation in severe sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture in rats

Septic shock remains a leading cause of death worldwide. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBO2) has been shown to alter the inflammatory response during sepsis and to reduce mortality. A therapeutic window of HBO2 treatment has been demonstrated experimentally, but optimal timing remains uncertain. We investigated the effects of 24 h delayed normobaric oxygen (NBO2) and HBO2...

Intestinally-restricted Janus Kinase inhibition: a potential approach to maximize the therapeutic index in inflammatory bowel disease therapy

An unmet need remains for safe and effective treatments to induce and maintain remission in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. The Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, tofacitinib, has demonstrated robust efficacy in ulcerative colitis patients although, like other systemic immunosuppressants, there may be safety concerns associated with its use. This preclinical study evaluated...

Detection of circulating natural antibodies to inflammatory cytokines in type-2 diabetes and clinical significance

Inflammatory cytokines have been demonstrated to be involved in developing insulin resistance and type-2 diabetes (T2D). Natural antibodies in the circulation have protective effects on common diseases in humans. The present study was thus designed to test the hypothesis that natural antibodies against inflammatory cytokines could be associated with T2D. An enzyme-linked...

Hyperoside attenuates dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice possibly via activation of the Nrf2 signalling pathway

Hyperoside (Hyp) is a flavonoid glycoside compound that has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and antioxidant effects. However, the impact of Hyp on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been previously explored. Thus, we evaluated the role of Hyp in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced acute colitis in mice. We established a mouse model of...

Systematic review of randomized controlled trials in the treatment of dry eye disease in Sjogren syndrome

Primary Sjögren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by dry eye and dry mouth. We systematically reviewed all the randomized controlled clinical trials published in the last 15 years that included ocular outcomes. We found 22 trials involving 9 topical, 10 oral, 2 intravenous and 1 subcutaneous modalities of treatment. Fluoromethalone eye drops over 8 weeks were more...