Journal of Molecular Medicine

http://link.springer.com/journal/109

List of Papers (Total 460)

Regulation and role of the ER stress transcription factor CHOP in alveolar epithelial type-II cells

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal disease characterized by type-II alveolar epithelial cell (AECII) injury and fibroblast hyperproliferation. Severe AECII endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is thought to underlie IPF, but is yet incompletely understood. We studied the regulation of C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), a proapoptotic ER-stress-related transcription factor...

The distinct role of CD73 in the progression of pancreatic cancer

Recent studies have shown that the non-enzymatic function of CD73 plays a key role in tumor progression, but this function of CD73 in pancreatic cancer cells has not been studied. Furthermore, little is known about the mechanism involved in CD73 regulation in tumors. Here, we found that CD73 expression was upregulated in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and that its...

Repositioning of the antipsychotic drug TFP for sepsis treatment

Sepsis is a disease responsible for the death of almost all critical patients. Once infected by virus or bacteria, patients can die due to systemic inflammation within a short period of time. Cytokine storm plays an essential role in causing organ dysfunction and septic shock. Thus, inhibition of cytokine secretion is considered very important in sepsis therapy. In this study, we...

Molecular modeling of LDLR aids interpretation of genomic variants

Genetic variants in low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) are known to cause familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), occurring in up to 1 in 200 people (Youngblom E. et al. 1993 and Nordestgaard BG et al. 34:3478–3490a, 2013) and leading to significant risk for heart disease. Clinical genomics testing using high-throughput sequencing is identifying novel genomic variants of...

Role of sirtuin-1 in diabetic nephropathy

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a research priority for scientists around the world because of its high prevalence and poor prognosis. Although several mechanisms have been shown to be involved in its pathogenesis and many useful drugs have been developed, the management of DN remains challenging. Increasing amounts of evidence show that silent information regulator 2 homolog 1...

IDH-1 deficiency induces growth defects and metabolic alterations in GSPD-1-deficient Caenorhabditis elegans

NADPH is a reducing equivalent that maintains redox homeostasis and supports reductive biosynthesis. Lack of major NADPH-producing enzymes predisposes cells to growth retardation and demise. It was hypothesized that double deficiency of the NADPH-generating enzymes, GSPD-1 (Glucose-6-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase), a functional homolog of human glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD...

Soluble and membrane-bound adenylate kinase and nucleotidases augment ATP-mediated inflammation in diabetic retinopathy eyes with vitreous hemorrhage

ATP and adenosine are important signaling molecules involved in vascular remodeling, retinal function, and neurovascular coupling in the eye. Current knowledge on enzymatic pathways governing the duration and magnitude of ocular purinergic signaling is incompletely understood. By employing sensitive analytical assays, this study dissected ocular purine homeostasis as a complex...

The FAK inhibitor BI 853520 inhibits spheroid formation and orthotopic tumor growth in malignant pleural mesothelioma

No tyrosine kinase inhibitors are approved for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Preclinical studies identified focal adhesion kinase (FAK) as a target in MPM. Accordingly, we assessed the novel, highly selective FAK inhibitor (BI 853520) in 2D and 3D cultures and in vivo. IC50 values were measured by adherent cell viability assay. Cell migration and 3D growth were quantified...

Pentraxin 3 promotes long-term cerebral blood flow recovery, angiogenesis, and neuronal survival after stroke

Restoration of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and upregulation of angiogenesis are crucial for brain repair and functional recovery after cerebral ischaemia. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is a key regulator of angiogenesis and is emerging as a promising target for cerebrovascular repair after stroke. Here, we investigated for the first time the role of PTX3 in long-term CBF, angiogenesis, and...

Zika virus infection and implications for kidney disease

High-level and persistent viruria observed in patients infected by Zika virus (ZIKV) has been well documented. However, renal pathology in acutely infected, immunocompetent patients remains subclinical. Moreover, the long-term impact of ZIKV infection, replication, and persistence in the renal compartment of adults and infants as well as immunosuppressed patients and solid organ...

STIM1 deficiency is linked to Alzheimer’s disease and triggers cell death in SH-SY5Y cells by upregulation of L-type voltage-operated Ca2+ entry

STIM1 is an endoplasmic reticulum protein with a role in Ca2+ mobilization and signaling. As a sensor of intraluminal Ca2+ levels, STIM1 modulates plasma membrane Ca2+ channels to regulate Ca2+ entry. In neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells and in familial Alzheimer’s disease patient skin fibroblasts, STIM1 is cleaved at the transmembrane domain by the presenilin-1-associated γ-secretase...

Trpc6 inactivation confers protection in a model of severe nephrosis in rats

Mutations in canonical transient receptor potential-6 (TRPC6) channels give rise to rare familial forms of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Here we examined a possible role for TRPC6 in the progression of chronic puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) nephrosis in Sprague-Dawley rats, a classic model of acquired nephrotic syndromes. We used CRISPR/Cas9 technology to delete...

Selective inhibition of receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) in hematopoietic cells improves outcome after experimental myocardial infarction

The RANK (receptor activator of nuclear factor κB)/RANKL (RANK ligand)/OPG (osteoprotegerin) axis is activated after myocardial infarction (MI), but its pathophysiological role is not well understood. Here, we investigated how global and cell compartment-selective inhibition of RANKL affects cardiac function and remodeling after MI in mice. Global RANKL inhibition was achieved by...

Psoriasin, a novel anti-Candida albicans adhesin

Candida albicans belongs to the normal microbial flora on epithelial surfaces of humans. However, under certain, still not fully understood conditions, it can become pathogenic and cause a spectrum of diseases, from local infections to life-threatening septicemia. We investigated a panel of antimicrobial proteins and peptides (AMPs), potentially involved in mucosal immunity...

Electron cryomicroscopy as a powerful tool in biomedical research

A human cell is a precisely regulated system that relies on the complex interaction of molecules. Structural insights into the cellular machinery at the atomic level allow us to understand the underlying regulatory mechanism and provide us with a roadmap for the development of novel drugs to fight diseases. Facilitated by recent technological breakthroughs, the Nobel prize...

Hepatocyte transplantation and advancements in alternative cell sources for liver-based regenerative medicine

Human hepatocyte transplantation has been actively perused as an alternative to liver replacement for acute liver failure and liver-based metabolic defects. Current challenges in this field include a limited cell source, reduced cell viability following cryopreservation and poor engraftment of cells into the recipient liver with consequent limited life span. As a result...

The NAv1.7 blocker protoxin II reduces burn injury-induced spinal nociceptive processing

Controlling pain in burn-injured patients poses a major clinical challenge. Recent findings suggest that reducing the activity of the voltage-gated sodium channel Nav1.7 in primary sensory neurons could provide improved pain control in burn-injured patients. Here, we report that partial thickness scalding-type burn injury on the rat paw upregulates Nav1.7 expression in primary...

Inducible ATF3–NFAT axis aggravates podocyte injury

Podocyte injury and loss contribute to proteinuria, glomerulosclerosis, and eventually kidney failure. Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) is a stress inducible transcription factor that is transiently expressed following stimulation. However, we show for the first time an induction of ATF3 in podocytes from patients with chronic kidney disease, including minimal change...