Cellular Oncology

http://link.springer.com/journal/13402

List of Papers (Total 68)

Hypo-phosphorylated CD147 promotes migration and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma cells and predicts a poor prognosis

PurposeCD147 is a tumor-associated antigen that plays a key regulatory role in tumor invasion and distant metastasis. However, the exact role of CD147 phosphorylation, which is deregulated during cancer progression, is unknown. Here, the effects of CD147 phosphorylation on the malignant behavior of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and its possible underlying mechanisms are...

Prognostic value of low CDX2 expression in colorectal cancers with a high stromal content – a short report

PurposeLack of expression of the intestinal transcription factor CDX2 in colorectal cancer (CRC) identifies patients with a poor prognosis. This biomarker has previously been suggested to be prognostic in CRCs with a high stromal content based on mRNA expression data. We investigated the prognostic value of CDX2 expression in microsatellite stable CRC stratified by stromal...

Computer aided quantification of intratumoral stroma yields an independent prognosticator in rectal cancer

PurposeTumor-stroma ratio (TSR) serves as an independent prognostic factor in colorectal cancer and other solid malignancies. The recent introduction of digital pathology in routine tissue diagnostics holds opportunities for automated TSR analysis. We investigated the potential of computer-aided quantification of intratumoral stroma in rectal cancer whole-slide images...

Long non-coding RNAs as monitoring tools and therapeutic targets in breast cancer

BackgroundCurrent therapeutic strategies that are used to combat breast cancer vary widely and largely depend on its clinicopathological features, including tumor subtype, size, stage, lymph node involvement, the presence of hormone receptors and/or HER2, as well as the degree of proliferative activity. Recent work has focused on improving our knowledge on the molecular...

Interplay between base excision repair protein XRCC1 and ALDH2 predicts overall survival in lung and liver cancer patients

BackgroundTo deliver efficacious personalised cancer treatment, it is essential to characterise the cellular metabolism as well as the genetic stability of individual tumours. In this study, we describe a new axis between DNA repair and detoxification of aldehyde derivatives with important implications for patient prognosis and treatment.MethodsWestern blot and qPCR analyses were...

Patched-2 functions to limit Patched-1 deficient skin cancer growth

PurposeBasal cell carcinoma (BCC) is one of the most common skin cancers, and is typically driven by an aberrantly activated Hedgehog (Hh) pathway. The Hh pathway is regulated by interactions between the Patched-1 (Ptch1) and Smoothened (Smo) receptors. Smo is an activating receptor and is subject to inhibition by Ptch1. Following ligand binding to Ptch1, its inhibitory action is...

Digital droplet PCR (ddPCR) for the detection and quantification of HPV 16, 18, 33 and 45 - a short report

Purpose Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection is associated with several anogenital malignancies. Here, we set out to evaluate digital droplet PCR (ddPCR) as a tool for HPV 16, 18, 33 and 45 viral load quantification and, in addition, to compare the efficacy of the ddPCR assay for HPV 16 detection with that of quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). Methods Clinical samples, positive...

ΔNp73 regulates the expression of the multidrug-resistance genes ABCB1 and ABCB5 in breast cancer and melanoma cells - a short report

Purpose Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major cause of treatment failure. In cancer cells, MDR is often caused by an increased efflux of therapeutic drugs mediated by an up-regulation of ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters. It has previously been shown that oncogenic ΔNp73 plays an important role in chemo-resistance. Here we aimed at unraveling the role of ΔNp73 in regulating...

Progesterone suppresses the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells irrespective of their progesterone receptor status - a short report

PurposePre-operative progesterone treatment of breast cancer has been shown to confer survival benefits to patients independent of their progesterone receptor (PR) status. The underlying mechanism and the question whether such an effect can also be observed in PR negative breast cancer cells remain to be resolved.MethodsWe performed proteome profiling of PR-positive and PR...

microRNA-371a-3p as informative biomarker for the follow-up of testicular germ cell cancer patients

Purpose α-fetoprotein (AFP) and human chorionic gonadotropin subunit beta (B-HCG) are informative serum biomarkers for the primary diagnosis and follow-up of testicular germ cell cancer (TGCC) patients. About 20% of TGCC patients with a non-seminoma (NS) and about 80% with a seminoma (SE) are, however, negative for these biomarkers. Embryonic stem cell microRNAs (miRs) may serve...

Improved diagnosis and prognostication of patients with pleural malignant mesothelioma using biomarkers in pleural effusions and peripheral blood samples – a short report

Purpose There is a lack of robust and clinically utilizable markers for the diagnosis and prognostication of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). This research was aimed at optimizing and exploring novel approaches to improve the diagnosis and prognostication of MPM in pleural effusions and peripheral blood samples. Methods CellSearch-based and flow cytometry-based assays using...

Are disseminated tumor cells in bone marrow and tumor-stroma ratio clinically applicable for patients undergoing surgical resection of primary colorectal cancer? The Leiden MRD study

Purpose Current TNM staging does not appropriately identify high-risk colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the presence of disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) in the bone marrow (BM) and the presence of stroma in the primary tumor, i.e., the tumor-stroma ratio (TSR), in patients undergoing surgical resection of primary CRC provides...

The genetic heterogeneity of colorectal cancer predisposition - guidelines for gene discovery

Background Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a cumulative term applied to a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of neoplasms that occur in the bowel. Based on twin studies, up to 45 % of the CRC cases may involve a heritable component. Yet, only in 5–10 % of these cases high-penetrant germline mutations are found (e.g. mutations in APC and DNA mismatch repair genes) that...

The role of lymphangiogenesis and angiogenesis in tumor metastasis

Background Metastasis is the main cause of mortality in cancer patients. Two major routes of cancer cell spread are currently being recognized: dissemination via blood vessels (hematogenous spread) and dissemination via the lymphatic system (lymphogenous spread). Here, our current knowledge on the role of both blood and lymphatic vessels in cancer cell metastasis is summarized...

TNF-α promotes breast cancer cell migration and enhances the concentration of membrane-associated proteases in lipid rafts

PurposeTumor progression is associated with cell migration, invasion and metastasis. These processes are accompanied by the activation of specific proteases that are either linked to cellular membranes or are secreted into extracellular spaces. TNF-α is known to play an important role in various aspects of tumor progression. The aim of this work was to assess the effect of TNF...

Efficacy of doxorubicin-transferrin conjugate in apoptosis induction in human leukemia cells through reactive oxygen species generation

BackgroundDoxorubicin (DOX) is a small molecular cytotoxic agent that can be transferred efficiently to cancer cells by nanocarriers. This anthracycline antibiotic serves as an effective anti-neoplastic drug against both hematological and solid malignancies. Here, we set out to assess the capacity of a novel doxorubicin - transferrin conjugate (DOX-TRF) to provoke apoptosis in...

Identification of miR-10b, miR-26a, miR-146a and miR-153 as potential triple-negative breast cancer biomarkers

Background Familial triple-negative breast cancers are often linked to mutations in the BRCA1 tumor suppressor gene. In sporadic triple-negative breast cancers BRCA1 is frequently inactivated at the transcriptional level, and it has been reported that this inactivation may be brought about by promoter methylation. More recently, it was found that BRCA1 may also be regulated at...

Methylation biomarkers for pleomorphic lobular breast cancer - a short report

BackgroundPleomorphic invasive lobular cancer (pleomorphic ILC) is a rare variant of ILC that is characterized by a classic ILC-like growth pattern combined with an infiltrative ductal cancer (IDC)-like high nuclear atypicality. There is an ongoing discussion whether pleomorphic ILC is a dedifferentiated form of ILC or in origin an IDC with a secondary loss of cohesion. Since...

Chromosome 17 copy number changes in male breast cancer

Background Overall, HER2-amplified female breast cancer (FBC) is associated with a high grade, an aggressive phenotype and a poor prognosis. In male breast cancer (MBC) amplification of HER2, located on chromosome 17, occurs at a lower frequency than in FBC, where it is part of complex rearrangements. So far, only few studies have addressed the occurrence of chromosome 17...

MicroRNA-138-5p regulates pancreatic cancer cell growth through targeting FOXC1

Purpose The prognosis of pancreatic cancer ranks among the worst of all cancer types, which is primarily due to the fact that during the past decades little progress has been made in its diagnosis and treatment. Here, we set out to investigate the role of microRNA 138 (miR-138-5p) in the regulation of pancreatic cancer cell growth and to assess its role as putative therapeutic...

Cross-resistance to clinically used tyrosine kinase inhibitors sunitinib, sorafenib and pazopanib

Purpose When during cancer treatment resistance to a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) occurs, switching to another TKI is often considered as a reasonable option. Previously, we reported that resistance to sunitinib may be caused by increased lysosomal sequestration, leading to increased intracellular lysosomal storage and, thereby, inactivity. Here, we studied the effect of...