The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment

https://link.springer.com/journal/11367

List of Papers (Total 297)

Development of LCA benchmarks for Austrian torrent control structures

PurposeThis study emerged from a research project that aimed to develop a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) model for torrent control structures. This publication constitutes the last part of model development and shows the LCA results of the examined structure types considering the entire life cycle. These LCA results will be used in a further step to close the environmental knowledge...

Interpreting life cycle assessment results for integrated sustainability decision support: can an ecological economic perspective help us to connect the dots?

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is often described as a sustainability decision support tool. In practice, however, the interpretation and application of most LCA studies are restricted to eco-efficiency considerations, which provide an important but incomplete basis for sustainability decision-making. Recent methodological advances in the field enable assessing LCA results against...

Global environmental impacts: data sources and methodological choices for calculating normalization factors for LCA

PurposeCharacterizing environmental impacts at the global scale is crucial to define references against which compare the environmental profile of products and systems. Within this study, global emissions and resource uses have been collected and characterized for the following impact categories: climate change, ozone depletion, human toxicity (cancer and non-cancer), ecotoxicity...

Determining the climate impact of food for use in a climate tax—design of a consistent and transparent model

PurposeThe aim of this study was to determine transparent food carbon footprint values for use in a climate tax, using a consistent methodology across the taxed food products and taking into account the need for such a tax to be administratively simple and accepted by affected stakeholders.MethodsA method based on Life Cycle Assessment following the ISO 14067 standard was...

Reference situations for biodiversity in life cycle assessments: conceptual bridging between LCA and conservation biology

PurposeIn life cycle assessment (LCA) literature addressing land use impacts on biodiversity, several potential reference situations are proposed. However, the lack of guidance on how to apply the proposed reference situations fosters confusion within the topic and raises questions about implications of different reference conceptions. The purpose of this article is to contribute...

IMPACT World+: a globally regionalized life cycle impact assessment method

PurposeThis paper addresses the need for a globally regionalized method for life cycle impact assessment (LCIA), integrating multiple state-of-the-art developments as well as damages on water and carbon areas of concern within a consistent LCIA framework. This method, named IMPACT World+, is the update of the IMPACT 2002+, LUCAS, and EDIP methods. This paper first presents the...

Energy simulation and LCA for macro-scale analysis of eco-innovations in the housing stock

PurposeEnergy consumption of buildings is one of the major drivers of environmental impacts. Life cycle assessment (LCA) may support the assessment of burdens and benefits associated to eco-innovations aiming at reducing these environmental impacts. Energy efficiency policies however typically focus on the meso- or macro-scale, while interventions are typically taken at the micro...

Life cycle sustainability analysis applied to an innovative configuration of concentrated solar power

PurposeLife cycle sustainability analysis (LCSA) is being developed as a holistic tool to evaluate environmental, economic and social impacts of products or services throughout their life cycle. This study responds to the need expressed by the scientific community to develop and test LCSA methodology, by assessing the sustainability of a concentrated solar power (CSP) plant based...

The integration of long-term marginal electricity supply mixes in the ecoinvent consequential database version 3.4 and examination of modeling choices

PurposeThe long-term marginal electricity supply mixes of 40 countries were generated and integrated into version 3.4 of the ecoinvent consequential database. The total electricity production originating from these countries accounts for 77% of the current global electricity generation. The goal of this article is to provide an overview of the methodology used to calculate the...

The challenge of incorporating animal welfare in a social life cycle assessment model of European chicken production

PurposeThere is increasing public concern over standards of farm animal welfare, yet the majority of sustainability studies of livestock have thus far focused only on environmental performance and profitability. Where social analysis has been carried out, there has yet to be a consistent methodology developed that incorporates animal welfare into social life cycle assessment (S...

Development of weighting factors for G20 countries—explore the difference in environmental awareness between developed and emerging countries

Purpose Weighting is one of the steps involved in LCIA. This enables us to integrate various environmental impacts and facilitates the interpretation of environmental information. Many different weighting methodologies have already been proposed, and the results of many case studies with a single index have been published. LIME2 (Itsubo et al. Int J Life Cycle Assess 17(4):488...

Consistent characterisation factors at midpoint and endpoint relevant to agricultural water scarcity arising from freshwater consumption

Purpose The shortage of agricultural water from freshwater sources is a growing concern because of the relatively large amounts needed to sustain food production for an increasing population. In this context, an impact assessment methodology is indispensable for the identification and assessment of the potential consequences of freshwater consumption in relation to agricultural...

An inventory framework for inclusion of textile chemicals in life cycle assessment

PurposeToxicity impacts of chemicals have only been covered to a minor extent in LCA studies of textile products. The two main reasons for this exclusion are (1) the lack of life cycle inventory (LCI) data on use and emissions of textile-related chemicals, and (2) the lack of life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) data for calculating impacts based on the LCI data. This paper...

Quantification of corruption in preventative cost-based S-LCA: a contribution to the Oiconomy project

PurposeCorruption is one of the key social aspects, heavily impacting all three Planet-, People- and Prosperity sustainability pillars and is therefore essential to be included in S-LCA. The objective of this article is to consider the available options to quantify corruption in preventative cost-based S-LCA, and to make a first proposal for quantification.MethodsLiterature was...

LCM development: focusing on the LC promoters and their organizational problem-solving

PurposeLife cycle management (LCM) implies a specific sustainability perspective which extends environmental management along the product life cycle, with the aim of decreasing negative environmental impact throughout the product chain. Research has identified that the adoption of LCM in the industry depends upon its situational adaptation to the organizational context. Even so...

Applying the nutrient footprint method to the beef production and consumption chain

PurposeAn indicator of nutrient use efficiency through the entire food chain has been lacking. This article proposes a nutrient footprint method to estimate the efficiency of using both nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in animal production chains following Life Cycle Assessment (LCA).MethodsFollowing the nutrient footprint method of Grönman et al. (2016), we applied the nutrient...

New ultralight automotive door life cycle assessment

PurposeMagna International Inc. (Magna), in cooperation with the United States Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) and partners FCA US LLC (FCA US) and Grupo Antolin North America, Inc., developed a new state of the art Ultralight door design in 2017 that achieved a 40% overall mass reduction compared to the Baseline door. The purpose of this comparative life cycle assessment (LCA...

The environmental impact of packaging in food supply chains—does life cycle assessment of food provide the full picture?

PurposeDue to the urgency and the magnitude of the environmental problems caused by food supply chains, it is important that the recommendations for packaging improvements given in life cycle assessment (LCA) studies of food rest on a balanced consideration of all relevant environmental impacts of packaging. The purpose of this article is to analyse the extent to which food LCAs...

An LCA of the Pelamis wave energy converter

PurposeTo date, very few studies have attempted to quantify the environmental impacts of a wave energy converter, and almost all of these focus solely on the potential climate change impacts and embodied energy. This paper presents a full life cycle assessment (LCA) of the first-generation Pelamis wave energy converter, aiming to contribute to the body of published studies and...

Screening LCA of torrent control structures in Austria

PurposeThe purpose of this article is to find a suitable life cycle assessment (LCA) method to quantify the most important environmental burdens caused by construction processes of torrent control structures. To find these environmental burdens, 17 construction projects of the “Austrian Service for Torrent and Avalanche Control” (WLV) were analyzed using the “cradle to gate with...