Open Library of Humanities

https://olh.openlibhums.org/
The Open Library of Humanities journal publishes internationally-leading, rigorous and peer-reviewed scholarship across the humanities disciplines: from classics, theology and philosophy, to modern languages and literatures, film and media studies, anthropology, political theory and sociology. Our articles benefit from the latest advances in online journal publishing – with high-quality presentation, annotative functionality, robust digital preservation, strong discoverability and easy-to-share social media buttons. We publish general articles as well as special collections focused on a particular topic or theme. Our megajournal platform means that we particularly welcome interdisciplinary articles, and we also encourage submissions in languages other than English.

List of Papers (Total 149)

Precursor of Pride: The Pleasures and Aesthetics of Framed Youth

This article explores the causal links between the 1983 Channel 4 documentary Framed Youth: Revenge of the Teenage Perverts and the feature film Pride (2014), via All Out: Dancing in Dulais (1986). It will be argued that Pride — the story of miners’ support group Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners (LGSM) — would never have been made if it had not been for its precursors, with...

Fusion, emprunt…dislocation, ou comment la rencontre de l’art occidental s’inscrit dans les écrits des critiques chinois

While from the beginning of the 20th century, art in China had the mission of supporting the young and fragile Chinese Republic, and to be as close as possible to its people, Chinese artists who left to study abroad were confronted with Western Modern art, which claimed its autonomy: two irreconcilable conceptions of art. In this article, I shall study how today’s Chinese art...

Tarasankar Bandyopadhyay’s Caitālī ghūrṇi and The Dystopia of Hunger

The article reviews one of the lesser-known novels of Tarasankar Bandyopadhyay, Caitālī ghūrṇi (1931), as a dystopian narrative. In an attempt to review potential dystopian elements in vernacular texts, the article evaluates and compares the prominent features of western dystopian fiction to explore the characteristics and uniqueness of Caitālī ghūrṇi as a dystopian novel...

Re-mapping the ‘Great Inquisition’ of 1245–46: The Case of Mas-Saintes-Puelles and Saint-Martin-Lalande

MS 609 of the Bibliothèque municipale de Toulouse contains the registry of the largest known medieval inquisition, the so-called ‘Great Inquisition’ lead by two Dominicans at Toulouse between 1245 and 1246. Since its discovery in the nineteenth century, this registry has remained unedited and is rarely studied in detail. Yet it has become famous for being the record of a broad...

Nishchindipur: The Impossibility of a Village Utopia

This article seeks to examine the persistence, in Indian and specifically Bengali literature of the twentieth century, of a contradiction: the myth of an ideal or utopian village set against actual experiences of suffering, inequality, and deprivation. It traces some elements of this contradiction to Thomas More’s foundational text, Utopia (1516), and continues by examining the...

Some Human’s Rights: Neocolonial Discourses of Otherness in the Mediterranean Refugee Crisis

Taking as my starting point Hannah Arendt’s (1994/1943) observations on the public response to the mass exile of Jews during World War Two, I argue that the UK’s mediatised reaction to those escaping conflict during the Mediterranean refugee crisis followed similar ideological patterns: fear, suspicion, antipathy and reserved compassion. I then move on to examine the role that...

Penitential Themes in 14th-Century Sienese Petitions for Amnesty: How Can They Contribute to the Debate on the ‘Voices’ of Medieval Court Records?

In the last twenty years historians have focused their attention on the relationship between the practice of confession, in both sacramental and judicial contexts, and discourses of identity and selfhood produced by the confessing subject and their listeners. A detailed analysis of the influence of sources in which penitent attitudes were promoted (sermons and hagiographies) on...

Climate, Power, and Possible Futures, from the Banks of the Humber Estuary

Nayan Kulkarni’s Blade, Lucy and Jorge Orta’s Raft of the Medusa, and Nikolaj Bendix Skyum Larsen’s Quicksand were exhibited in Hull during its year as the 2017 UK City of Culture. These artworks provide the impetus for an article that moves between the local, national, and global, in order to connect visual culture, climate politics, and questions of citizenship and borders in a...

Strategies for Constructing an Institutional Identity: Three Case Studies from the Liturgical Office of Saint Edmund Martyr

The following article explores some of the ways in which the leaders of a medieval ecclesiastical institution, in this case Bury St Edmund, could construct that institution’s own identity by textual production that was centred on the figure of their patron saint, Edmund Martyr. This textual production, and the formulation of Saint Edmund, underwent a continuous development from...

Can there be a Progressive Nostalgia? Layering Time in Pride’s Retro-Heritage

Pride is notable for its dynamic treatment of time, which is key both to its appeal as a film and to its presentation of the processes of political change. By combining nostalgia, retro, and heritage, Pride manifests an artistic practice I refer to as temporal layering, which draws attention to how any single moment implies potential relationships with numerous interacting others...

Pride and Pudency: Paratextual Domestication and the US DVD Release of Pride

In December of 2014, when Pride was released on DVD in the United States, a number of critics and activists criticised discrepancies between the film’s earlier promotional materials and the DVD’s cover, namely the omission of certain details from the synopsis and imagery. Erasing a banner brandishing the slogan ‘gays and lesbians support the miners’ and omitting explicit...

Between Courtoom and Castello: A Tuscan Dispute’s Social and Procedural Profile

The role of institutions and judicial procedure in conflict resolution is a significant theme in recent scholarship on the later medieval Italian communes. It is usually difficult, however, to trace these themes in their broader social context, especially in rural communities. This article demonstrates judicial procedure’s role in a conflict between the notary Andrea and the...

Criminalising Animals in Medieval France: Insights from Records of Executions

This article explores compelling and specific cases from France during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries in which animals were formally executed for crimes. The so-called ‘medieval animal trials’ were cases in which animals were accused and sentenced for harming persons or property. In secular cases, a domestic animal (generally pigs, horses, and bulls) could be charged for...

Legal Ephemera in the Ecclesiastical Courts of Late-Medieval England

The article identifies the ephemeral documents that were crucial to the operation of criminal business in the ecclesiastical courts of late-medieval England. It proposes a loose definition of ephemera, focusing on their material qualities as small, transient, and disposable documents. It then looks at different types of legal ephemera generated in the course of ecclesiastical...

Interweaving Dystopian and Utopian Spaces, Constructing Social Realism on Screen: Bakita Byaktigato/The Rest is Personal

This article investigates the role of utopian and dystopian spaces in the construction of social realism in Bakita Byaktigato/The Rest is Personal (Pradipta Bhattacharya, 2013). The inherent contradiction between the implausible fictional construct of utopian and dystopian spaces and the existing socio-political reality is finely foregrounded through multiple loci of narrative...

Organised and Ambient Digital Racism: Multidirectional Flows in the Irish Digital Sphere

This article is concerned with the distinction between acceptable race talk in social media and organised, extreme or ‘frozen’ racism which is considered hate speech and removed. While in the literature this distinction is used to point to different variants, styles and mutations of racism, in social media platforms and in European regulatory frameworks it becomes policy. The...

Paradoxical Idylls: Post-industrial Ruinscapes and Pre-industrial Arcadias

The re-greening of post-industrial sites creates distinct landscapes, perhaps a new form of idyllic retreat. For example, Duisburg Nord Landscape Park in the Ruhr, Germany, is a 230-hectare site on which redundant industrial structures have been preserved and in some cases given new leisure uses, surrounded by a decontaminated landscape combining natural (succession) regrowth...

Navigating a Tangled Intersection: Agricultural Communication as Public Meeting Space among the Humanities, Social Sciences, and the Digital

The growing emphasis on interdisciplinarity within scholarly research offers several affordances, including an opportunity to initiate cross-disciplinary projects. By viewing instances of agricultural discourse in public contexts through a technical communication disciplinary framework, the collection Cultivating Spheres: Agriculture, Technical Communication, and the Publics...

Facebook and a Farm Crisis: FFA and Online Agricultural Advocacy

Following the March 2017 wildfire devastation in Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas, local chapters of the National FFA Organization actively engaged on social media to advocate for public response to the crisis. Twenty-three public Facebook posts from FFA chapters and affiliates demonstrate members’ engagement with agricultural issues in the United States, disrupting the generalization...

Embodying Utopia in 1935: Poetry and the Feminized Nation

This article aims to highlight the significance of the gendering of the emerging nation that literature in India’s nationalist period generated, nurtured and reinforced. This article focuses on what Judith Brown (1985) identified as the ‘decisive decade’ (1930–1940) of the nationalist movement, when nationalist vision and imagery extensively penetrated people’s imagination. It...

Histories of the Unprecedented: Climate Change, Environmental Transformations, and Displacement in the United States

While the speed of current climatic changes is unprecedented, their ramifications are not. Floods and droughts, sea-level rise, advancing glaciers, and desertification do have a history, and the same is true for the social causes and aftermaths of such extreme natural events. Therefore, history provides a fertile field for the analysis of how societies have dealt with severe...

Contesting #StopIslam: The Dynamics of a Counter-narrative Against Right-wing Populism

This paper sets out quantitative findings from a research project examining the dynamics of online counter-narratives against hate speech, focusing on #StopIslam, a hashtag that spread racialized hate speech and disinformation directed towards Islam and Muslims and which trended on Twitter after the March 2016 terror attacks in Brussels. We elucidate the dynamics of the counter...

Unexpected Connections: Reimagining the Nineteenth Century through Generative Art

Unexpected Connections: Reimagining the Nineteenth Century through Generative Art is an interactive, generative artwork that offers new modes of archival exploration, discovery and expression using digitised cultural heritage objects. It combines the allure of serendipity with the storytelling potential of palimpsests in order to probe what biography might mean in the digital age...

‘…Darn Thing Just Kind of Fell Together by Itself after a While’: Exploring the Role of Official and Tactical Communication in Siting a Rural Wind Farm

The growth of wind energy in the United States has created widespread access to renewable energy for citizens in many parts of the country. But while wind holds promise for meeting 21st-century energy demands, the question of how and where to locate wind farms poses significant technical and rhetorical challenges for wind energy companies seeking access to wind resources...