Trans/Form/Ação

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List of Papers (Total 43)

Foucault: uma introdução

This text comes from a communication presented to and discussed with an audience of psychologists (in August 1977). Its aim was to prepare (or to awaken) the hearers to a possible direct reading of Michel Foucault's writings, especially those more closely related to the area of psychology. With this view in mind a choice was made to elaborate an "introduction" to the reading of...

A critica behaviorista de W. O. Quine

The object of this paper is Quine's behavioristic critique of semantics and epistemology. Quine claims to have produced with this critique important contributions to the clarification of a number a notions, among them the notion of observation, or of observation sentence, a topic which is discussed here in detail. It is also discussed the precise role of the so-called Duhem-Quine...

O ecletismo filosófico de Horácio

Attempt of a exposition of the epicurian-stoic philosophical ecletism in the work of Horatius.

Da metamatemática para a ciência cognitiva

In this article, it is suggested a possible profile for the historical and philosophical migration of several issues from the metamathematical domain to the domain of functionalist neuro-computational Cognitive Science. The description of such a transition is accomplished by an analysis of the ideas of Post, Church, Gödel, and, in particular, Turing on the possibility of...

Sobre a incerteza

This paper intends to expose elements of a Charles S. Peirce's epistemological doctrine, called by him Falibilism. The aim is to show how this doctrine emerge itself from the author's metaphysical theories, like his Evolutionism and categorical structure of Reality, forming a duet with his ontological conception of Chance. In fact, the Falibilism will be considered as the...

"In questo", il teatro gli scenari della commedia dell'arte

The secret of the Commedia dell'Arte lies in the paradox between Mask and Improvisation, Fixed Character and Variable Text, Conservation and Innovation. Therefore along the centuries it has been exalted or vilified: considered as reactionary during the French revolution and praised by the romantics. In the 20th century Copeau, Meierhold, Mnouchkine and Fo faced this ambivalence...

História da filosofia, formação e compromisso

The text intends to examine the question about the relationship between history of philosophy, philosophy and formation as a liberation of conscience. The starting point is an obvious idea, thought not always remembered: history of philosophy founds its legitimation on philosophy as historical cultural fact. The idea of formation is implicated in every system, which, before being...

Notas sobre lógica e dialética na Enéada de Plotino

This article aims to characterize logic and dialectic in Enneads I, 3 [20] 4-5. For Plotin, logic is a whole of proceedings that deals with propositions and syllogisms whereas dialectic is a method that employs logical proceedings. Nevertheless, dialectic is also an disposition through which the structure of the intelligible can be understood. So, it is a way towards the One...

Persuasão antes que convencimento: apontamentos sobre Wittgenstein e a psicanálise

The relations which Wittgenstein entertains with Freud’s thinking, as indicated by some scholars, are markedly ambiguous: there is, for the one side, an acerbic criticism about the pseudoscientific character with which psychoanalysis presents its supposed "empirical discoveries", and, consequently, the fascination exherted by this kind of procedure. But there is also, for the...

O ensino da filosofia e o papel do professor-filósofo em Hegel

This paper aims to bring to light the intricacies and the particularities of Hegel's thoughts on the teaching of philosophy. Although this is not a central issue in his thought, it is possible to note his concern about the issue, more systematically in the texts he wrote during the period in which he was a professor and director of the Gymnasium in Nürember. The presentation of...

O acerto de contas de Diderot com o ceticismo

This article is the second of a triad that is the dialogue, specifically the involvement, between the philosophy of Denis Diderot and the skepticism. The first article, entitled "The young Diderot and the skepticism of Thoughts", was published in the journal Dois Pontos, in its edition dedicated to the theme of skepticism (see PIVA, 2007), and limited itself to a detailed...

Linguagem natural e música em Rousseau: a busca da expressividade

Rousseau's analysis indicates that the entrance in the symbolic universe brings the possibility of loosing individual's unity, what may induce the rupture of social bond. Considering the demonstration that the representative signs mediation takes place in three different instances, we tried to detect if the same logic that commands Rousseau's system as a whole is also verified in...

Habermas: da análise da Öffentlichkeit ao projeto de uma "teoria do agir comunicativo

This article intends to be an exposition of Habermas' Philosophy of Enlightenment. In this sense, we will present specially his earlier thought in order to establish his grounds, which implicates to start with the influences upon him (I. Kant, J.L. Austin, the "second" Wittgenstein, M. Weber, E. Husserl, K.O. Apel and so forth) as well as with his critic towards the first members...

Metaphysics in Königsberg prior to Kant (1703-1770)

The present contribute aims to reconstruct, using the methodology of intellectual history, the broad spectrum of metaphysical doctrines that Kant could know during the years of the formation of his philosophy. The first part deals with the teaching of metaphysics in Königsberg from 1703 to 1770. The second part examines the main characteristics of the metaphysics in the various...

Fra tradizione e innovazione: la "storia dei filosofi

In this essay, the gradual transition from ancient "history of the philosophers" to modern "history of philosophy" is presented according to its essential steps and in the light of the dialectic between tradition and innovation that characterizes any philosophical dialogue considered in a diachronic sense. At the same time, however, the essay raises the question of the sense...

O Interessante em Friedrich Schlegel

This paper aims at, firstly, examining the originality of the concept of "interesting" in the young Friedrich Schlegel’s "On the study of ancient poetry", in view of the uniqueness of the analysis and the method employed by the author to substantiate art critique. Secondly, highlighting how, when differentiating the Modern Greek poetry, Schlegel establishes a singular...

O Sublime explicado às crianças

As indicated by its title, the aim of this essay is debating with the contemporary French philosophy reception of Kant’s concept of the sublime, particularly with Jean-François Lyotard. As a consequence of this French influence, instead of highlighting, as traditional commentators tend to do, the moral and systematic implications of Kantian sublime, this essay takes Kant’s notion...

Kant e o resgate do bem na natureza humana decaída

This article has as purpose to examine the Kant's argument with relationship to of the possibility restoration of good in face of radical evil in human nature. The study proposed here takes as its starting and central point to Kant's affirmation that the intention or supreme maxim is corrupted by evil, and seeks, from the consequences of such finding and arguments provided by...

A estética do corpo na filosofia e na arte da Idade Média: texto e imagem

The concept of beauty, and its consequent aesthetic enjoyment, has varied according the transformations of human societies over time. During the Middle Ages there were different conceptions, in both philosophy and art, of what the role of the body is in the hierarchy of aesthetic values. Our purpose is to present the aesthetic of the body that some medieval philosophers developed...

Ibn Gabirol e a origem do mundo: apontamentos sobre a questão da unidade

In his work Fons Vitae, Ibn Gabirol presents a metaphysical model based on universal hylomorphism, i.e., on the presence of matter and form in all beings both corporeal and spiritual. Although considered a neoplatonic author, Ibn Gabirol does not properly present a henology, but starts from sensible and corporeal realities and then treats the more subtle ones. This article...

A dimensão teleológica e ordenada do agir humano em Santo Agostinho

The pursuit of the happy life, and the path to it, is one of the most important themes of St. Augustine's ethics. This work intends to give a brief summary of his ethical thinking, focusing on the concept of ordo amoris.

Notas sobre a presença de Mead na obra de Habermas

Habermas discusses the question of individualization and socialization on the basis of the studies of George Herbert Mead, who, in Habermas' view, was the first to reflect substantially on a model of the socially produced "I". Mead offers a theoretical basis for the development of a theory of human evolution that involves the process of individualization and socialization...

Perspectiva evolucionária na teoria social crítica de Habermas

We seek to follow the development of evolutionary theory in the thought of Habermas, starting with the statement taken from the Prologue of Legitimation Crisis, 1973: "The programmatic character of Part I of this book makes clear that a theory of social evolution, although it must be the basis of social theory, is today still scarcely at all developed." Attention is directed to...