Journal of Soils and Sediments

http://link.springer.com/journal/11368

List of Papers (Total 150)

Phosphorus transformations in stream bank sediments in Iowa, USA, at varying redox potentials

PurposeStream bank erosion is one of the main sources of suspended sediments in stream water, and it often carries phosphorus with it. With a controlled laboratory study, we investigated the changes in different forms of P in stream bank sediments at varying redox potentials. We hypothesized that there could be increases in labile forms of solid-phase P under low redox conditions...

The record of postglacial environmental changes of the southern Baltic coastal zone in the sequence of fossil soils

PurposeThe studies aimed to reconstruct major phases of litho-morpho-pedogenic processes and past environmental changes in the Baltic coastal zone near Poddąbie (54°37,070′ N, 16°57,897′ E) based on physical, chemical, pollen, and fossil Cladocera analysis of the polycyclic pedocomplex.Materials and methodsThe polycyclic pedocomplex under study included seven fossil soils...

Path analysis of phosphorus activation capacity as induced by low-molecular-weight organic acids in a black soil of Northeast China

PurposeThe present study was designed to assess the potential effects of low-molecular-weight organic acids on the activation of inorganic phosphorus, obtain exact information on the acidity effect of proton and complex effect of organic anion in P availability, and determine the components among phosphorus fractions that contributed the most to inorganic phosphorus activation in...

Spatio-temporal heterogeneity of soil microbial properties in a conventionally managed arable field

PurposeKnowledge about the spatio-temporal variability of soil microbial properties is crucial in evaluating their structure-function relationship and their impact on ecosystem functions. The aim of the study was to determine the spatio-temporal variation of the selected microbial properties at the surface horizon in a conventionally managed arable field.Materials and methodsThe...

The past and prognosis of mining cessation impact on river sediment pollution

PurposeRemediation of mine sites is often aimed at reduction of river pollution after cessation of mining activity. However, the effects of these works overlap natural attenuation processes and their efficiency cannot be recognized well without detailed studies of the fluvial environment. The aim of the study is to predict changes of channel sediment pollution in rivers affected...

Slope position regulates response of carbon and nitrogen stocks to cattle grazing on rough fescue grassland

PurposeGrasslands play a crucial role in offsetting greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating climate change. A moderate change in grassland carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) stocks may substantially alter the global C and N cycle and thereby influence climate. But how grassland C and N stocks respond to grazing and slope position remains uncertain. This research investigates how C and N...

The impact of different land uses in urban area on humus quality

PurposeIn urban areas, humus quantity and quality depend less on natural environmental factors than on anthropogenic ones. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of different land use types of urban soils on the properties of soil organic matter (SOM).Materials and methodsThirty-five sites involving four ways of soil use were examined: lawns, allotment gardens, fallows...

Humic substances and aggregate stability in rhizospheric and non-rhizospheric soil

PurposeThe paper describes rhizospheric (Rs) and non-rhizospheric (nRs) soil to demonstrate the zone of the plant root impact on physical and chemical properties of the soil. The effects of the process accompanying the transformations of organic matter into humic substances in the rhizosphere of “common dandelion” Taraxacum officinale have been determined, and the properties of...

Mutual relations between PAHs derived from atmospheric deposition, enzymatic activity, and humic substances in soils of differently urbanized areas

PurposeThe aim of this study was to determine the mutual relations between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) originated from atmospheric emissions and enzymatic activity and humic substances in soils at differently urbanized area, on an example of the Lublin city, east Poland.Materials and methodsThe chosen areas represented three differently urbanized environments: old...

Using delayed luminescence to characterize humic acids from lake sediments

Purpose Using the delayed luminescence (DL) method, the photoluminescent properties of humic acids (HA) extracted from lake sediments were analyzed. Delayed luminescence is a promising technique for characterizing HA and other forms of organic matter of various origins. But information is insufficient regarding both its optimal operating conditions and also those environmental...

Studying of the interaction between peat humic acids and metazachlor using spectroscopy methods

Purpose The analysis covered the interaction of humic acids (HA) isolated from peats with the metazachlor using spectroscopic methods. Materials and methods Five peatlands have been selected for the study in the southern and northern parts of Poland. Extraction of humic acids (HA1, HA2, HA3, HA4, and HA5) was performed using a procedure recommended by the International Humic...

Asynchronicity of fine sediment supply and its effects on transport and storage in a regulated river

Purpose A disconnected ephemeral tributary was reconnected to the regulated River Ehen (NW England) as part of a river restoration initiative, providing a renewed delivery of sediment to a highly stable and armoured channel. This paper (1) assesses spatial and temporal dynamics of suspended and stored sediments in the Ehen, (2) characterises the composition of stored sediment, (3...