Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy

http://link.springer.com/journal/12061

List of Papers (Total 52)

Urban-Rural Synergies: An Explorative Study at the NUTS3 Level

Regions are continually developing. Innovations in agricultural and industrial production affect urban and rural areas in different ways, and climate change and developments in transport and (tele)communication have strong effects on the interaction between them. Although urban and rural areas are often studied separately, systemic effects are clearly important when studying...

Developing Better Measures of Neighbourhood Characteristics and Change for Use in Studies of Residential Mobility: A Case Study of Britain in the Early 2000s

This paper addresses the problem of measuring neighbourhood characteristics and change when working with individual level datasets to understand the effects of residential mobility. Currently available measures in Britain are in various respects unsuitable for this purpose. The paper explores a new indicator of small area poverty: the Unadjusted Means-tested Benefits Rate (UMBR...

Using Administrative Data to Count and Classify Households with Local Applications

Households rather than individuals are being increasingly used for research and to target and evaluate public policy. As a result accurate and timely household level statistics have become an increasing necessity especially at local level. However, official sources of information on households are fragmented with significant gaps and inaccuracies that limit their usefulness. This...

Flying Carpets and Urban Development Trajectories

Generalised costs of transport and communication have decreased in many domains during the past centuries. Some cities have strongly benefitted from these developments. The more recent development is that passenger transport has become the leading driving force, as opposed to freight transport in earlier logistical revolutions. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is a...

Infrastructure Development, Residential Growth and Impacts on Public Service Expenditure

This paper documents the use of geographic information science based planning support systems to evaluate the effects of infrastructure development on residential growth and resulting public service expenditure. The case example presented here investigates the impacts associated with a large water infrastructure development project. The effect of infrastructure on residential...

Planning Support Systems and Task-Technology Fit: a Comparative Case Study

Studies in the Planning Support Systems (PSS) debate are increasingly paying attention to the support function of PSS. This involves among other things studying the usefulness of PSS to practitioners. This paper adds another dimension to this evolving debate by arguing that planning tasks should receive more attention. Although planning tasks are central in several PSS...

Occupational Mobility and Living in Deprived Neighbourhoods: Housing Tenure Differences in ‘Neighbourhood Effects’

The literature on neighbourhood effects suggests that the lack of social mobility of some groups has a spatial dimension. It is thought that those living in the most deprived neighbourhoods are the least likely to achieve upward mobility because of a range of negative neighbourhood effects. Most studies investigating such effects only identify correlations between individual...

The Rebound Effect of Information and Communication Technologies Development in the European Union

Information Society technologies are aimed at raising productivity while reducing time and costs of materials and energy for the economy. Specialists have also observed that Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), which have become significantly cheaper, are in huge demand for individual (household) use. Individual applications of ICT in the European Union (EU) economy...

Spatio-Temporal Population Modelling for Enhanced Assessment of Urban Exposure to Flood Risk

There is a growing need for high resolution spatio-temporal population estimates which allow accurate assessment of population exposure to natural hazards. Current approaches to population estimation are usually limited either by the use of arbitrary administrative boundaries or insufficient resolution in the temporal dimension. The innovative approach proposed here combines the...

Estimating the Topological Structure of Driver Spatial Knowledge

Spatial knowledge has long been recognised as playing an important role in influencing transportation flows in urban areas. The limits imposed by bounded knowledge of space restrict an individual’s decision-making ability, a factor that naturally influences the evolution of collective patterns of behaviour. In this paper, a new methodology for the estimation of the extents of the...

School, Neighbourhood, and University: The Geographies of Educational Performance and Progression in England

There has been a vast amount of discussion in both the media and academic literature about the effect of increased tuition fees on access to higher education in England, especially in relation to efforts to implement widening participation programmes. During this debate, the geography of access to higher education has taken a back seat despite growing calls to use contextual data...

The Impacts of Demographic Change on the Functional Economies of the North of England

In this editorial we pose four questions about the functional economies of northern England in the context of demographic change. How will the northern England population change in the next quarter of a century? What shape will the old of northern England be in and how will we look after them? Are the economies of northern England ready to meet the ageing challenge? Will silver...

Dealing with the Uncertainty of Having Incomplete Sources of Geo-Information in Spatial Planning

The Dutch spatial planning legal act of 2008 was aimed at improving efficiency and effectiveness in the development, evaluation and monitoring of spatial planning policy (Ministry of VROM, 2006a). One of the main effects of this legal act was the widespread availability and use of digital spatial plans (Ministry of VROM 2006a, b). This reform led to the expectation that all...

Applications of Population Counts Based on Administrative Data at Local Level

The House of Commons Treasury Committee (2008) identified the three main purposes of population statistics as resource allocation, population ratios and local planning and intelligence, and described current population estimates as ‘unfit for purpose’. This paper considers the limitations of current population statistics in the context of these purposes and how using...

From Spatial Data to Synchronised Actions: The Network-centric Organisation of Spatial Decision Support for Risk and Emergency Management

A considerable amount of the required information in risk and emergency management is geographical, but this information does not always reach the right actors at the right time, so how can geographical information be organised in such a way that it supports risk and emergency management more effectively? The answer requires a conceptualisation of risk and emergency management...

Simulating Land-use Change in a Regional Planning Context

Land-use simulation can provide important information to regional spatial planning. This paper introduces the application of a detailed land-use model in different phases of the development of a Regional Spatial Strategy for the Dutch province of Overijssel. After introducing the planning and modelling context it first discusses an exploratory study that used potential future...

Explaining Spatial Homogamy. Compositional, Spatial and Regional Cultural Determinants of Regional Patterns of Spatial Homogamy in the Netherlands

Spatial homogamy, or sharing a similarity in geographical origin, is an under-researched dimension in homogamy studies. In the Netherlands, people tend to choose spatially homogamous partners. Moreover, there is considerable regional variation in spatial homogamy, even when residential location and population density are controlled for. This study aims to explain the regional...

Using Administrative Data to Count Local Populations

There is growing evidence that official population statistics based on the decennial census are inaccurate at the local authority level—the fundamental administrative unit of the UK. This paper investigates the use of locally available administrative data sets for counting populations. The method uses truth tables for combining different data sources with different population...

Measuring the Quality of Urban Environments: A Need-Based Micro-Simulation Approach

The ability of an urban environment to support the daily activities individuals need or wish to conduct in time and space has received attention particularly in constraints-based approaches. These approaches do, however, not consider needs underlying an individual’s activities. In this paper, we develop a new measurement approach that is based on a needs-based theory that we...