European Journal of Public Health

List of Papers (Total 5,429)

Opioid, antipsychotic and hypnotic use in end of life in long-term care facilities in six European countries: results of PACE

Opioids, antipsychotics and hypnotics are recommended for comfort care in dying. We studied their prescription during the last 3 days in residents deceased in the long-term care facility (LTCF).

Low schoolwork engagement and schoolwork difficulties predict smoking in adolescence?

Low academic achievement has been associated with smoking but factors behind this association are poorly known. Such factors could include schoolwork disengagement and schoolwork difficulties. To assess the extent to which they contribute to the explanation of how health inequalities emerge, we study in a longitudinal design whether these have an independent effect on smoking or...

Child maltreatment prevention: a content analysis of European national policies

Child maltreatment is a major public health concern, which worsens inequalities and perpetuates social injustice through its far—reaching impacts on the health and development of children affected. The aim of this article was to provide a content analysis of the national policies presently used to address child maltreatment and provide an overview of prevention practices being...

Hepatitis B in Moroccan-Dutch: a qualitative study into determinants of screening participation

Chronic hepatitis B (HBV) leads to an increased risk for liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. In the Netherlands, chronic HBV prevalence in the general population is 0.20%, but 3.77% in first generation immigrants. Our aim was to identify determinants associated with the intention to participate in HBV testing among first generation Moroccan immigrants, one of the two largest...

The association between diabetes and depressive symptoms varies by quality of diabetes care across Europe

Depressive symptoms are more common in adults with diabetes and may arise from the physical and psychosocial burden of disease. Better quality of diabetes care may be associated with a reduced disease burden and fewer depressive symptoms.

Association between vaccination coverage decline and influenza incidence rise among Italian elderly

After a peak of 68.3% during the 2005–06 season, influenza vaccine coverage among Italian elderly showed an unprecedented, prolonged decline. According to the National surveillance network, the vaccination coverage was ≤50% during two of the last three seasons (2014–17). In parallel, influenza-like illness (ILI) rates increased from 2.71% in the triennium 2005–08, to 4.24% in the...

Good practices and challenges in addressing poliomyelitis and measles in the European Union

All European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) Member States have pledged to ensure political commitment towards sustaining the region’s poliomyelitis-free status and eliminating measles. However, there remain significant gaps between policy and practice in many countries. This article reports on an assessment conducted for the European Commission that aimed to support...

Universal school lunch programme closes a socioeconomic gap in fruit and vegetable intakes among school children in Japan

Universal school lunch programmes are expected to cover all children equally, compared with selective programmes that may stigmatize socially vulnerable children. However, the effectiveness of universal programmes in closing dietary disparity has not been empirically proven. We evaluated whether Japan’s universal school lunch programmes contribute to a reduction in the...

The role of financial strain and self-control in explaining health behaviours: the GLOBE study

Why lower socioeconomic groups behave less healthily can only partly be explained by direct costs of behaving healthily. We hypothesize that low income increases the risk of facing financial strain. Experiencing financial strain takes up cognitive ‘bandwidth’ and leads to less self-control, and subsequently results in more unhealthy behaviour. We therefore aim to investigate (i...

Material, behavioural, cultural and psychosocial factors in the explanation of socioeconomic inequalities in oral health

This study aimed to assess the contribution of material, behavioural, cultural and psychosocial factors in the explanation of socioeconomic inequalities (education and income) in oral health of Dutch adults.

An intervention that reduces stress in people who combine work with informal care: randomized controlled trial results

The aim of the research was to examine whether a role-focused self-help course intervention would decrease caregiver stress and distress, and functioning problems, among people who suffer stress because they combine paid work with informal care.

Understanding differences in cervical cancer incidence in Western Europe: comparing Portugal and England

Cervical cancer incidence has decreased over time in England particularly after the introduction of organized screening. In Portugal, where opportunistic screening has been widely available with only slightly lower coverage than that of the organized programme in England, rates of cervical cancer have been higher than in England. We compared the burden of cervical cancer, risk...

Disability weights for infectious diseases in four European countries: comparison between countries and across respondent characteristics

In 2015, new disability weights (DWs) for infectious diseases were constructed based on data from four European countries. In this paper, we evaluated if country, age, sex, disease experience status, income and educational levels have an impact on these DWs.

International migrants’ use of emergency departments in Europe compared with non-migrants’ use: a systematic review

International migration across Europe is increasing. High rates of net migration may be expected to increase pressure on healthcare services, including emergency services. However, the extent to which immigration creates additional pressure on emergency departments (EDs) is widely debated. This review synthesizes the evidence relating to international migrants’ use of EDs in...

Sustainability of outdoor school ground smoking bans at secondary schools: a mixed-method study

Although increasing numbers of countries are implementing outdoor school ground smoking bans at secondary schools, less attention is paid to the post-implementation period even though sustainability of a policy is essential for long-term effectiveness. Therefore, this study assesses the level of sustainability and examines perceived barriers/facilitators related to the...

Cost-effectiveness of tobacco control policies and programmes targeting adolescents: a systematic review

Consistent evidence shows the importance of preventing smoking at young ages, when health behaviours are formed, with long-term consequences on health and survival. Although tobacco control policies and programmes targeting adolescents are widely promoted, the cost-effectiveness of such interventions has not been systematically documented. We performed a systematic review on the...

Secondary stressors are associated with probable psychological morbidity after flooding: a cross-sectional analysis

The impact of flooding on mental health is exacerbated due to secondary stressors, although the mechanism of action is not understood. We investigated the role of secondary stressors on psychological outcomes through analysis of data collected one-year after flooding, and effect modification by sex.

Do work and family care histories predict health in older women?

Social and policy changes in the last several decades have increased women’s options for combining paid work with family care. We explored whether specific combinations of work and family care over the lifecourse are associated with variations in women’s later life health.

Current state of genomic policies in healthcare among EU member states: results of a survey of chief medical officers

A need for a governance of genomics in healthcare among European Union (EU) countries arose during an international meeting of experts on public health genomics (PHG). We have conducted a survey on existing national genomic policies in healthcare among Chief Medical Officers (CMOs) of the 28 EU member states, plus Norway.