European Journal of Public Health

https://academic.oup.com/eurpub

List of Papers (Total 7,191)

Oral contraception and smokingTime trends for a risk behaviour in Finland

The main health risks of modern oral contraceptives (OCs) are associated with simultaneous smoking. According to current medical guidelines in Finland, OCs should not be prescribed for smokers aged over 30 years. We report how smoking and OC use were related from 1975 to 1993. The data were collected from 3 national postal surveys: a biannual survey of 16 and 18 year old girls...

Predictors of disability pension among young menThe role of alcohol and psychosocial factors

The role of alcohol use and behavioural, psychological and social risk factors for a disability pension in young men was analysed in a longitudinal study of 49,321 conscripts. Data collected in 1969–1970 were linked to records from the Swedish Social Insurance Board. A total of 1,276 disability pensions, 155 with an alcohol-related diagnosis, was granted during follow-up until...

Suicide reporting in Swiss print mediaResponsible or irresponsible?

All articles in Swiss newspapers with suicide or attempted suicide as the main topic were collected over a time span of 8 months. The aim was the investigation of a potential imitation effect and the extent of preventive messages given. A rating scheme for an assumed imitation effect based on different items for heading, text and picture was developed. The results show that...

The relation between the number of symptoms and other health indicators in working men and women

Simple symptom counts are widely used Indicators of ill-health in health survey research. However, there has only been little research aimed at a better understanding of symptom counts. The purpose of this study was to explore the number of symptoms (a summary score derived from 10 unspecific self-reported symptoms) in a ‘healthy’ population. We reanalysed data on a sample of 850...

Assessing the value of accreditation systems

Unlike the USA, Canada and Australia, the UK National Health Service has no single dominant accreditation system. The Department of Health commissioned Keele University to study the organization and processes of accreditation and the potential impact of the introduction of a national accreditation system Into the NHS. The paper discusses the policy issues involved in considering...

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Forgetfulness or dementia?Who is worried and why?

Elderly people's worries about their memory are mainly caused by a lack of dear and structured information. We developed an information brochure about normal forgetfulness and dementia to inform the Dutch general public The characteristics of 500 elderly people who ordered this brochure are described here. Almost 70% were, to some extent, worried about incipient dementia. This...

Smoking and female reproductionComparison of smoking habits of the pre-pregnant and the general female population, Norway 1989

Declining smoking prevalences in the general population may not be reproduced in the pregnant subpopulation, due to selective recruitment. To examine the extent of selection, the study compares smoking in a pregnant population, prior to pregnancy, with the general female population of Norway 1989. Data were collected from an interview survey of the general population and...

Additive scoring of reported symptomsValidity and item bias problems in morbidity scales

The objective of this study was to validate a symptom scale based on additive scoring of self-reported symptom data for use in multivariate analyses in a cross-sectional interview survey investigation of an urban sample of persons over 65 years of age. The majority of the sample members reported 1 to 3 symptom episodes, but over one-third of the sample reported 4 or more episodes...

Determinants of condom use among intravenous drug users in Spain

Attitudes to and perception of health care delivery are considered to be important factors for patient compliance in diabetes. To Investigate insulin-treated diabetic patients' use of, experience of and attitudes to diabetes care a questionnaire was sent to 561 patients, 20–50 years old, living in northern Sweden. Four hundred and eighty-eight patients (87%) participated in the...

Medical evacuations from the region of former YugoslaviaThe experience of 2 years

In September 1992, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), an intergovernmental humanitarian organization based in Geneva, Switzerland, implemented the special medical programme (SMP) for the medical evacuation of war victims in former Yugoslavia. For inclusion into the SMP, patients must be victims of war, suffer from a serious medical condition with a favourable...

The impact of war on Sarajevans with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of almost 3 years of war on glycaemic control and blood pressure in Sarajevans with non-insulln-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Fifty-five patients with NIDDM were randomly selected from a register of 279. Data from pre-war records were retrieved and the same measurements were repeated using a similar methodology...

Monitoring health in the war-affected areas of the former Yugoslavia, 1992–1993

In October 1992 the World Health Organization (WHO) set up a health monitoring programme in the former Yugoslavia to obtain information on communicable disease upon which to base decisions about medical aid requirements. This paper covers the first year of the programme (October 1992–October 1993) and details the steps taken to set it up. Information was sought from personal...

Health under fireThe WHO in the former Yugoslavia

In July 1992, in former Yugoslavia the World Health Organization (WHO) launched a humanitarian assistance programme. The programme was aimed at maintaining public health in the war-affected areas with 4 million refugees and displaced persons, over 200,000 dead, at least twice as many wounded, over 60,000 patients in need of rehabilitation and at least 1 million persons with deep...