European Journal of Public Health

https://academic.oup.com/eurpub

List of Papers (Total 7,210)

Socioeconomic inequalities in perinatal and infant mortality from 1854 to 1990 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Trends in socioeconomic differences in infant and perinatal mortality in Amsterdam were studied for the period 1854–1990, using published and unpublished material, at the aggregate and at the individual level. Absolute and relative socioeconomic mortality differences (SEMD) per data-set were calculated using inequality indices developed by Pamuk. The results show a decrease of...

Modulators of length of gestationA study in Greece

In order to ascertain correlates of gestational age and predictors of prematurity, all the mothers delivered in 1993 at the maternity clinic of the First University Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and at one division of a private maternity hospital in Athens, Greece, were interviewed. From a total of 3,770 deliveries, those involving multiple pregnancies or Caesarean...

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The contribution of specific causes of death to mortality differences by marital status in the Netherlands

The purpose of this study was to describe the differences in mortality by marital status in the Netherlands in the period 1986–1990 for specific causes of death and to estimate the contribution of each specific cause to the differences in total mortality. We have used mortality and population data from Statistics Netherlands. Poisson regression was used to calculate relative...

Perinatal epidemiology in Belgium

Data on the civil registration of all births and deaths recorded in 1987 in Belgium were analysed following WHO rules. The following statistics with significant regional variations were recorded: 2.5% of teenage pregnancies, 7% of late pregnancies (≥35 years), 6.1% of low birth weights and 5.3% of preterm deliveries. Preterm birth rates did not improve during the last decade and...

Explanation of national variations in alcohol and cannabis consumptionA comparative study in a Dutch and an adjoining German region

In the Eastern region of the Netherlands and the adjoining German region a survey on alcohol and cannabis consumption was conducted in order to trace differences and to explore to what extent these differences should be attributed to specific national determinants. The reason for initiating the study was the differences between both countries with regard to drug policies, which...

Out-patient antihypertensive drug utilization and stroke mortalityAn ecological study

Directly age-standardized rates of out-patient utilization of antihypertensive drugs (antihypertensives, diuretics and beta-blockers) and stroke mortality in men and women (40–79 years of age) were compared over 4 years (1987–1990) in a midwestern (Värmland) and a southern (Skäne) province of Sweden and in their 49 (16 + 33) municipalities. In both genders, the stroke mortality...

Purity, danger and miasmata

This paper analyses the nineteenth-century public health regime of sanitary science in terms of the perceived dangers inherent in substances that cross socially significant boundaries. According to this analysis, miasmatic theory - which claimed impure air was dangerous to health - was not a scientific error but an integral part of the sanitary science perspective. Increased...

Pre-natal care in occupied Belgium during the Second World War

We sought to investigate whether programmes were designed to protect the health of pregnant women in Belgium from 1940 to 1945. We analysed archives and found that pre-natal care was actively promoted. The proportion of mothers attending public pre-natal clinics increased from 7.5% in 1940 to 14.6% in 1942. Women receiving pre-natal care from public or private providers were...

The development of medical sociology in theory and practice in Western Europe 1950–1990

In the first part of the paper, the demographic profile and health patterns of Western Europe after the Second World War and the changes which occurred in the following decades are traced. So too are developments in medical sciences and in the organization of health services as well as changes in the economic, social and cultural patterns in society generally. These, as well as...

Analysing inequalitiesThe tradition of socioeconomic public health research in Finland

Starting from analyses of the world's oldest national population statistics, socioeconomic public health research in Finland matured by the end of the nineteenth century, which was the golden age of this research. Nationalistic intellectuals, i.e. the ‘Fennomanics’ investigated the socioeconomic backgrounds of the population's health and, in accordance with international models...

Proposals for collaboration in European public health training

The drastic changes in European politics, economy, environment and technology during the last decade have profoundly influenced the role and scope of public health practice and training. A response to training in public health was given by the Association of Schools of Public Health in the European Region (ASPHER) and WHO by creating a joint task force in order to propose a...

Prevalence and trends of cigarette smoking in different occupational groupsResults of the Minnesota Heart Survey 1980–1982 and 1985–1987

The association between smoking and occupational status is explored using data from the Minnesota Heart Survey. 7,381 currently employed subjects were included in the study (2,949 from the 1980–1982 survey and 4,432 from the 1985–1987 survey). In the first survey the prevalence of current smokers ranged from 23 (professional) to 57% (service occupations) in men and from 15...