European Journal of Public Health

https://academic.oup.com/eurpub

List of Papers (Total 7,191)

Factors for successful implementation of population-based expanded carrier screening: learning from existing initiatives

Background: Carrier screening for autosomal recessive disorders aims to facilitate reproductive decision-making by identifying couples with a 1-in-4 risk in every pregnancy of having an affected child. Except for a few countries or regions, carrier screening is not widely offered and is mostly ancestry-based. Technological advances enable carrier screening for multiple diseases...

The health of UK civilians deployed to Iraq

Background: Modern military operations have incorporated deployed civilians in a variety of roles (e.g. diplomats, private security staff). Many of these roles expose individuals to potentially dangerous or traumatic events. Evidence has shown that such exposures can cause psychological health problems in military personnel. It is likely that the same would be seen among...

Anxious and depressive symptoms in the French Asbestos-Related Diseases Cohort: risk factors and self-perception of risk

Background: Asbestos is known to be an independent risk factor for lung and pleural cancers. However, to date, little attention has been paid to the psychological effects of asbestos exposure among exposed subjects. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of anxious and depressive symptoms among >2000 French participants of the Asbestos-Related Diseases...

The effectiveness of ID readers and remote age verification in enhancing compliance with the legal age limit for alcohol

Currently, two different age verification systems (AVS) are implemented to enhance compliance with legal age limits for the sale of alcohol in the Netherlands. In this study, we tested the operational procedures and effectiveness of ID readers and remote age verification technology in supermarkets during the sale of alcohol. Following a trained alcohol purchase protocol, eight...

Effect of glass markings on drinking rate in social alcohol drinkers

Background: The main aim of these studies was to explore the influence of volume information on glassware on the time taken to consume an alcoholic beverage. Methods: In Study 1, male and female social alcohol consumers (n = 159) were randomised to drink 12 fl oz of either low or standard strength lager, from either a curved glass marked with yellow tape at the midpoint or an...

Estimating the cost-effectiveness of brief interventions for heavy drinking in primary health care across Europe

Background: Screening and Brief Interventions for alcohol are an effective public health measure to tackle alcohol-related harm, however relatively few countries across the European Union (EU) have implemented them widely. This may be due to a lack of understanding of the specific financial implications of such policies within each country. Methods: A novel ‘meta-modelling...

Suicide attempts and self-harm during a dramatic national economic transition: a population-based study in Iceland

Background: Macroeconomic downturns have been associated with increased suicide rates. This study examined potential changes in suicide attempts and self-harm in Iceland during a period of major economic transition (2003–12). Methods: Data were retrieved from the National University Hospital in Reykjavik (population size: 204.725), containing all ICD-10 diagnoses connected to...

Searching for sustainability within public health policy: insights from an injury prevention perspective

Background Sustaining public health programmes in the long-term is key to ensuring full manifestation of their intended benefits. Although an increasing interest in sustainability is apparent within the global literature, empirical studies from within the European setting are few. The factors that influence sustainability are generally conceptualized at three levels: programme...

Non-fatal injuries treated outside a hospital in Hunan, China: results from a household interview survey

Background: Injury morbidity data are collected through hospital-based surveillance in many countries. We assessed the extent of non-fatal injures treated outside a hospital. Methods: Data from the first provincial health household interview survey of Hunan, China, conducted in 2013, were used. Injury events were identified and included as medically significant when any of the...

Low vaccination coverage of Greek Roma children amid economic crisis: national survey using stratified cluster sampling

Background: Research on Roma health is fragmentary as major methodological obstacles often exist. Reliable estimates on vaccination coverage of Roma children at a national level and identification of risk factors for low coverage could play an instrumental role in developing evidence-based policies to promote vaccination in this marginalized population group. Methods: We carried...

Socio-demographic factors predicting HIV test seeking behaviour among MSM in 6 EU cities

Background: HIV testing is generally accepted as being the lynchpin of a prevention strategy to tackle the HIV epidemic among MSM. However, few studies have analysed in detail the factors that influence HIV test seeking behaviour. Methods: The objective of this article is to analyse the relationship between HIV test seeking behaviour and individual, social and demographic factors...

Antimicrobial susceptibility of long term care facility and general practice urine samples in patients 65 years and older: an observational study

Background: Antimicrobial resistance in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) poses a risk to elderly residents. The aim of this observational study was to investigate recent patterns of antimicrobial susceptibility in urine samples submitted to the Microbiology Laboratory at Cork University Hospital (CUH) from LTCFs in the greater Cork region. The antimicrobial susceptibilities of...

Limited access to hepatitis B/C treatment among vulnerable risk populations: an expert survey in six European countries

Background: To investigate access to treatment for chronic hepatitis B/C among six vulnerable patient/population groups at-risk of infection: undocumented migrants, asylum seekers, people without health insurance, people with state insurance, people who inject drugs (PWID) and people abusing alcohol. Methods: An online survey among experts in gastroenterology, hepatology and...

Social inequality in adolescents

Background: Current explanations of health inequalities in adolescents focus on behavourial and economic determinants and rarely include more meaningful forms of economic, cultural, and social capital. The aim of the study was to investigate how the interplay between capitals constitutes social inequalities in adolescent healthy food intake. Methods: Data were collected in the...

Associations between lifestyle factors and an unhealthy diet

Background: Unhealthy dietary patterns have been associated with other unhealthy lifestyle factors such as smoking and physical inactivity. Whether these associations are similar in high- and low-educated individuals is currently unknown. Methods: We used information of the EPIC-NL cohort, a prospective cohort of 39 393 men and women, aged 20–70 years at recruitment. A lifestyle...

Successful nutrition policy: improvement of vitamin D intake and status in Finnish adults over the last decade

Background: Due to vitamin D intake below recommendation (10 µg/day) and low (<50 nmol/l) serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D) concentration in Finnish population, the fortification of liquid dairy products with 0.5 µg vitamin D/100 g and fat spreads with 10 µg/100 g started in Finland in December 2002. In 2010, the fortification recommendation was doubled. The aim of this...

Cost analysis of a peer support programme for patients with type 2 diabetes: a secondary analysis of a controlled trial

Background: This study aimed to explore if group-based peer support as an additional component to a disease management programme (DMP) in type 2 diabetes can reduce the number of prescribed drugs; hospital admissions; and length of hospital stay and therefore be a cost-effective model. Methods: Controlled study based on a secondary data analysis of a cluster randomized trial. Our...

Living alone and unplanned hospitalizations among older adults: a population-based longitudinal study

Background: The association of living alone with hospitalization among the general elderly population has been rarely investigated, and the influence of common disorders on this association remains unknown. Methods: We used data on participants in the Swedish National study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen (n = 3130). Risk and number of unplanned hospitalizations and length of...

Effectiveness of interventions to improve lifestyle behaviors among socially disadvantaged children in Europe

Background: Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors and childhood overweight are more common among children from families with a low socioeconomic position and ethnic minority children (referred to as social disadvantaged children). Aims: This systematic review evaluates the effectiveness of interventions aimed to improve lifestyle behaviours and/or prevent overweight among socially...

Social class variation, the effect of the economic recession and childhood obesity at 3 years of age in Ireland

Background: Many studies have reported a social class gradient within overweight prevalence (1–4). Additionally, cross-country comparisons report high overweight trends and a change in food consumption patterns in countries affected by an economic crisis (5–11). The aim of this study was to assess the association between social class and recession on obesity levels in 3-year-old...

Are health inequalities rooted in the past? Income inequalities in metabolic syndrome decomposed by childhood conditions

Background: Early life is thought of as a foundation for health inequalities in adulthood. However, research directly examining the contribution of childhood circumstances to the integrated phenomenon of adult social inequalities in health is absent. The present study aimed to examine whether, and to what degree, social conditions during childhood explain income inequalities in...

The mediating role of social capital in the association between neighbourhood income inequality and body mass index

Background: Neighbourhood income inequality may contribute to differences in body weight. We explored whether neighbourhood social capital mediated the association of neighbourhood income inequality with individual body mass index (BMI). Methods: A total of 4126 adult participants from 48 neighbourhoods in France, Hungary, the Netherlands and the UK provided information on their...

The role of three lifestyle risk factors in reducing educational differences in ischaemic heart disease mortality in Europe

Background: Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide with a higher risk of dying among people with a lower socioeconomic status. We investigated the potential for reducing educational differences in IHD mortality in 21 European populations based on two counterfactual scenarios—the upward levelling scenario and the more realistic best practice...