European Journal of Public Health

https://academic.oup.com/eurpub

List of Papers (Total 7,190)

Living in stressful neighbourhoods during pregnancy: an observational study of crime rates and birth outcomes

Background: Patterns of adverse birth outcomes vary spatially and there is evidence that this may relate to features of the physical environment such as air pollution. However, other social characteristics of the environment such as levels of crime are relatively understudied. This study examines the association between crime rates and birth weight and prematurity. Methods...

Female lung cancer mortality and long-term exposure to particulate matter in Italy

Background: Outdoor air pollution and particulate matter (PM) have recently been classified in Group 1 by IARC. In Italy there is no epidemiological study on the association between female lung cancer and PM as measured by the official monitoring stations. Methods: We estimated the dose–response relationship between female lung cancer mortality and available long-term outdoor...

Breast cancer trends differ by ethnicity: a report from the South African National Cancer Registry (1994–2009)

Background: To describe breast cancer (BC) incidence and mortality by ethnicity in South Africa (SA). Methods: Sources of data included the South African National Cancer Registry (NCR) pathology-based reports (1994–2009) and Statistics South Africa (SSA) mortality data (1997–2009). Numbers of cases, age-standardised incidence rates (ASIR) and lifetime risk (LR) were extracted...

Changing patterns of breast cancer incidence and mortality by education level over four decades in Norway, 1971–2009

Background: In the last century, breast cancer incidence and mortality was higher among higher versus lower educated women in developed countries. Post-millennium, incidence rates have flattened off and mortality declined. We examined breast cancer trends by education level, to see whether recent improvements in incidence and mortality rates have occurred in all education groups...

Conflict between diabetes guidelines and experienced counselling in sports and physical activity. An exploratory study

According to medical guidelines counselling on sports and physical activity should be part of diabetes treatment. Using an online questionnaire (n = 181), we explored how people with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes experienced this counselling in the Netherlands. Most respondents were critical, indicating that they did not receive proper guidance or helpful advices. A third of...

External validation of the Motivation To Stop Scale (MTSS): findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Netherlands Survey

Background: The Motivation To Stop Scale (MTSS) is a single-item instrument which has been shown to predict quit attempts in the next 6 months in a previous validation study conducted in England. The aim of the current study was to determine the external validity of the MTSS among Dutch smokers in predicting quit attempts in the next 12 months. A secondary aim was to compare the...

Mortality and causes of death among the migrant population of Finland in 2011–13

Background: Lower mortality among migrants than in the general population has been found in many, but not in all, previous studies. The mortality of migrants has not been studied in Finland, which has a relatively small and recent migrant population. Methods: People who were born abroad and whose mother tongue is not Finnish were identified from the Finnish Central Population...

Suicide mortality in Belgium at the beginning of the 21st century: differences according to migrant background

Background: Suicidal behaviour has long been recognized to vary widely between countries. Yet, rates of suicidal behaviour do not only vary between, but also within countries. Gender and socioeconomic differences in suicidal behaviour are well established, but the literature on suicidal behaviour and migrants is sparse, particularly in Belgium. The present study maps out the...

Disability pension due to common mental disorders and healthcare use before and after policy changes; a nationwide study

Background: Despite common mental disorders (CMDs) being a main reason for preterm exit from the labour market, there is limited knowledge regarding healthcare use around the time of being granted disability pension (DP) due to CMD. The aim was to study specialized healthcare use before and after being granted DP due to CMD and whether these trajectories differed before and after...

Associations between social support and depressive symptoms: social causation or social selection—or both?

Background: Numerous studies have demonstrated an association between social support and health, almost regardless of how social support and health have been conceptualised or measured. Even so, the issue of causality has not yet been sufficiently addressed. This issue is particularly challenging for mental health problems such as depressive symptoms. The aim of the present study...

Beyond return to work from sickness absence due to mental disorders: 5-year longitudinal study of employment status among production workers

Background: Mental disorders are increasing and account for one-third of all disability benefits in OECD countries. This study investigated the work status after mental sickness absence (SA). Methods: Five-year longitudinal cohort study of 6678 male production workers. Work status, work schedule and work hours/week were retrieved from employer records in five years following RTW...

Nutritional evaluation of undocumented children: a neglected health issue affecting the most fragile people

The precise knowledge of age is necessary for assessing a child’s nutritional status. We show the magnitude and the effects of age error in real and hypothetical situations, and discuss possible compensative strategies. Using data collected in different years, we found that 79.8% of 1056 Ugandan children had some age knowledge, but there was a mean shift of 7.5 (±8.8) months...

The social gradient of sleep in adolescence: results from the youth@hordaland survey

Background: A social gradient of sleep problems has been demonstrated in both children and adults, but our knowledge about possible social determinants of adolescent sleep problems remains limited. Methods: A large population-based study in Norway surveyed 10 220 adolescents aged 16–19 years in 2012. Multiple socioeconomic status (SES) indicators and assessment of sleep...

Four-year outcomes of an educational intervention in healthy habits in schoolchildren: the Avall 3 Trial

Background: The prevalence of obesity among children is increasing, but treating obesity is difficult and has poor outcomes. We assessed the 4-year impact of a school-based educational intervention on physical activity, body mass index (BMI) and the prevalence of overweight and obesity. Methods: A 6-year cluster-randomised study was used to evaluate an intervention programme for...

Determinants of maternal and paternal empowerment: exploring the role of childhood adversities

Background: Childhood adversities are known to increase the life-long risk of negative life events and health problems. Less is known about how childhood conditions affect parental empowerment, which is crucial to family well-being and resources. This study aimed to find out how parents’ own childhood adversities predict maternal and paternal empowerment, and how these predictors...