European Journal of Public Health

https://academic.oup.com/eurpub

List of Papers (Total 7,188)

Use of telemedicine in the European penitentiaries: current scenario and best practices

Background: Telemedicine has demonstrated to improve access and quality of health services in underserved area, curtailing the costs, therefore its application to the delivery of health care in prison would be desirable. Little is known about its use across European penal institutions. Our study aimed to assess the state of telemedicine within the European jails. Methods: To...

Hospital, local palliative care network and public health: how do they involve terminally ill patients?

Background: Over one quarter of the health care expenditures is estimated to be spent for patients in the last year of life (LYL). For these patients, palliative care (PC) has been suggested as a response for improving the standards of care and reducing health costs. The aim of this study was to analyze a cohort of LYL people, in terms of comparing hospitalised patients who had...

The relationship between outpatient department utilisation and non-hospital ambulatory care in Austria

Background: Coordinated health service utilisation in the ambulatory care sector is of major interest from a health policy perspective. This ecological study investigates the interplay between medical care utilisation in hospital outpatient departments and in freestanding physician practices by drawing on the example of the Austrian healthcare system, which is standing out due to...

Changes in diabetes care introduced by a Chronic Care Model-based programme in Tuscany: a 4-year cohort study

Background: In 2010, Tuscany (Italy) implemented a Chronic Care Model (CCM)-based programme for the management of chronic diseases. The study’s objective was to evaluate its impact on the care of patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: A population-based cohort study was performed on patients with diabetes, identified by an administrative data algorithm, exposed to a CCM-based...

Impact of Chronic Care Model on diabetes care in Tuscany: a controlled before-after study

Background: In 2010, Tuscany (Italy) implemented the Chronic Care Model (CCM), to improve general practitioner (GP) management of chronic diseases. Aim: assessing how the introduction of CCM affected GPs’ compliance with standards of care for diabetes patients. Methods: A controlled before-after study was performed. Two exposed groups of GPs, one entering the study in 2010 and...

Quality of life and living with cancer: findings from the European social survey (2014) special module on the social determinants of health

Background: This study is a comparison of quality of life (QOL) of current and previous cancer victims with people who never had experienced cancer in samples from the general population from the 19 countries in the European Social Survey (ESS) 2014. Methods: The study was based on the ESS 2014 with representative samples from 19 countries. QOL was measured by combining two...

The social determinants of inequalities in self-reported health in Europe: findings from the European social survey (2014) special module on the social determinants of health

Background: Health inequalities persist between and within European countries. Such inequalities are usually explained by health behaviours and according to the conditions in which people work and live. However, little is known about the relative contribution of these factors to health inequalities in European countries. This paper aims to investigate the independent and joint...

Financial difficulties in childhood and adult depression in Europe

Background: Financial difficulties in childhood may be associated with immediate and long-term consequences for mental health. The aim of the current paper is to investigate the association between childhood financial difficulties and adult depression, and assess the relative contribution of financial difficulties in childhood to symptoms of adult depression across different age...

Subjective perceptions of unmet need for health care in Europe among social groups: Findings from the European social survey (2014) special module on the social determinants of health

Background: Unmet need can be defined as the individually perceived subjective differences between services judged necessary to deal with health problems and the services actually received. This study examines what factors are associated with unmet need, as well as how reasons for unmet need are distributed across socioeconomic and demographic groups in Europe. Methods...

Exploring the differences in general practitioner and health care specialist utilization according to education, occupation, income and social networks across Europe: findings from the European social survey (2014) special module on the social determinants of health

Background: Low socioeconomic position (SEP) tends to be linked to higher use of general practitioners (GPs), while the use of health care specialists is more common in higher SEPs. Despite extensive literature in this area, previous studies have, however, only studied health care use by income or education. The aim of this study is, therefore, to examine inequalities in GP and...

Educational inequalities in risky health behaviours in 21 European countries: findings from the European social survey (2014) special module on the social determinants of health

Background: It has been suggested that cross-national variation in educational inequalities in health outcomes (e.g. NCDs) is due to cross-national variation in risky health behaviour. In this paper we aim to use highly recent data (2014) to examine educational inequalities in risky health behaviour in 21 European countries from all regions of the continent to map cross-national...

The social and behavioural determinants of health in Europe: findings from the European Social Survey (2014) special module on the social determinants of health

Background: Previous studies comparing the social and behavioural determinants of health in Europe have largely focused on individual countries or combined data from various national surveys. In this article, we present the findings from the new rotating module on social determinants of health in the European Social Survey (ESS) (2014) to obtain the first comprehensive comparison...

Depressed during the depression: has the economic crisis affected mental health inequalities in Europe? Findings from the European Social Survey (2014) special module on the determinants of health

Background: Economic crises constitute a shock to societies with potentially harmful effects to the mental health status of the population, including depressive symptoms, and existing health inequalities. Methods: With recent data from the European Social Survey (2006–14), this study investigates how the economic recession in Europe starting in 2007 has affected health...

Occupational inequalities in self-rated health and non-communicable diseases in different regions of Europe: findings from the European Social Survey (2014) special module on the social determinants of health

Background: Socioeconomic inequalities in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are evident across European populations. Several previous studies have addressed the question of whether occupational inequalities in health differ across European regions. It is uncertain however, the degree to which occupational inequalities in NCDs are similar or dissimilar across...

The socioeconomic distribution of non-communicable diseases in Europe: findings from the European Social Survey (2014) special module on the social determinants of health

Background: A range of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has been found to follow a social pattern whereby socioeconomic status predicts either a higher or lower risk of disease. Comprehensive evidence on the socioeconomic distribution of NCDs across Europe, however, has been limited. Methods: Using cross-sectional 2014 European Social Survey data from 20 countries, this paper...

Prevalence of physical and mental non-communicable diseases in Europe: findings from the European Social Survey (2014) special module on the social determinants of health

Background: Previous studies examining physical and mental non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Europe have so far largely either focused on limited numbers of countries or on fairly limited ranges of NCDs, with mental health in particular often being ignored. This article has three aims: (i) To provide a recent, comprehensive overview of a broad range of NCDs across a range of...