Modeling Earth Systems and Environment

https://link.springer.com/journal/40808

List of Papers (Total 267)

Artificial recharge of a shallow hard rock aquifer as a climate change mitigation method: model solution from the Czech Republic

Drought has always been one of the crucial water management issues especially in a dry climate areas. Recently this matter is emerging also in the Czech Republic and in other parts of the temperate and continental climate zone. With progressing climate changes, we can expect that the current water management systems will often have to adapt to new conditions. This paper offers an...

Climate change effects on the processing tomato growing season in California using growing degree day model

California has a unique Mediterranean climate, well suited for irrigated agriculture. The climate is an important factor in making California a global leader in production of many high value crops, including procesing tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill), with production of approximately 95% nation’s and 30% of world’s processing tomatoes. However, climate change poses many...

Prediction of TBM penetration rate from brittleness indexes using multiple regression analysis

One of the most important aspects in the excavation of tunnels with a Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) is the reliable prediction of its penetration rate. This affects the planning and other decision making on the organization of the construction site of the tunneling project, and, therefore, total costs. In this study, raw data obtained from the experimental works of different...

Delineation of groundwater potential zone in hard rock terrain in Gangajalghati block, Bankura district, India using remote sensing and GIS techniques

This study employed with the integration of remote sensing (RS) and geographical information system (GIS) techniques to delineate ground water potential zones for ground water management of Gangajalghati block, Bankura district, West Bengal and is located on the eastern slope of Chotanagpur plateau and area belongs to predominantly Precambrian gneissic terrain, and small area...

Modeling of diurnal pattern of air temperature in a tropical environment: Ile-Ife and Ibadan, Nigeria

Modeling of diurnal pattern of air temperature (T a ) is essential in the parameterization of turbulent heat fluxes in climate models. However, climate models still simulate the nocturnal stable boundary layer surface T a with biases across the globe. This paper therefore validated five different diurnal T a models (Ephrath, Hirotaka, de Wit, Parton and Fourier series models...

Assessing land suitability for aquifer storage and recharge in northern Ghana using remote sensing and GIS multi-criteria decision analysis technique

Increasing climate variability and challenge in access to water pose major impediments to rainfed agricultural productivity. Extensive flooding of agricultural lands during the rainy season and lack of water during the 8-month long dry season affect the livelihood of the people in the northern Ghana, a situation that calls for better water management practices. The use of aquifer...

Fractionation of sulfur (S) in beech (Fagus sylvatica) forest soils in relation to distance from the stem base as useful tool for modeling S biogeochemistry

The investigation of the fractionation of S compounds in forest soils is a powerful tool for interpreting S dynamics and S biogeochemistry in forest ecosystems. Beech stands on high pH (nutrient-rich) sites on Flysch and on low pH (nutrient-poor) sites on Molasse were selected for testing the influence of stemflow, which represents a high input of water and dissolved elements to...

Consequence assessment of separator explosion for an oil production platform in South of Iran with PHAST Software

Non-stop growth in oil, gas and petrochemical industries and dramatic impact of corrosion due to reducing the useful life of equipment need to manage risk and analyze consequences of possible accidents make more clear. Corrosion can counted as the most threaten factor for reducing the life of equipment in oil, gas and petrochemical industries. Corrosion damages risk analyzing and...

Rainfall–runoff estimation using SCS–CN and GIS approach in the Pappiredipatti watershed of the Vaniyar sub basin, South India

Rainfall and runoff are significant constitute the sources of water for recharge of ground water in the watershed. Rainfall is a major the primary source of recharge into the ground water. Other, substantial sources of recharge include seepage from tanks, canals, streams and functional irrigation. Evaluation of water availability by understanding of rainfall and runoff is...

Subject choice in educational data sets by using principal component and procrustes analysis

Principal component analysis (PCA) is a dimension-reducing technique that replaces subjects in a multivariate data set by a smaller number of derived subjects. Dimension reduction is often undertaken to help in describing the data set, but as each principal component usually involves all the original subjects, interpretation of a PCA result can still be difficult. One way to...

Dynamics of surface urban biophysical compositions and its impact on land surface thermal field

Urban heat effects over Abeokuta city, Nigeria have raised interests by relevant scientific communities owing to the recent infrastructural and economic growth of the area. In this paper, the surface temperatures and land surface biophysical types retrieved from Landsat TM, and ETM+images of Abeokuta city for 1984, 2003 and 2014 were analyzed. The images acquired were classified...

A mathematical method and artificial neural network modeling to simulate osmosis membrane’s performance

Lack of fresh water has been a major obstacle to development and flourishing in human history. Desalination provides a new vision toward fresh water production in the upcoming future. The study has proposed a simple mathematical equation and ANN models to simulate eight types of sea water RO membranes. The Artificial Neural Network (ANN) models have been developed to simulate TDS...

Analysis of precipitation for the past 20th century and its multi-decadal oscillation: a case study of Bankura Town, Bankura, West Bengal

The present investigation is based on maximum monthly precipitation for the past 20th century of Bankura Town, of West Bengal. The analysis was based on 100 years time series of maximum monthly rainfall data of Bankura Town. First of all, data sets were analysed as a whole and in a separated part of it using Linear Regression model. We have found that there were no such good...

Assessment of the impact of climate change on surface hydrological processes using SWAT: a case study of Omo-Gibe river basin, Ethiopia

In the present study, an ArcSWAT model was utilized to simulate the hydrological responses due to land use and climatic changes in the Omo-Gibe river basin, Ethiopia. The performance of the model was evaluated through sensitivity, uncertainty analysis, calibration and validation. The most sensitive parameters were identified which are governing on surface runoff generation...

Complex dynamic of plankton–fish interaction with quadratic harvesting and time delay

The present paper deals with a food chain model consisting of three species phytoplankton, zooplankton and fish. We have divided the present paper into two parts. In the first part, we have assumed that the fish population is harvested using a non-linear harvesting function. Considering this rate of harvesting ‘E’ as a control parameter, we have estimated different ranges of...

Urmia Lake water-level change detection and modeling

This study suggests a different view of the change in water level fluctuation of Urmia Lake (UL), Northwestern Iran, and its descriptive statistics in term of the seasonal variation of monthly average time series during 1966–2012. A significant change is demonstrated in the descriptive statistical characteristics, such as the mean and the variance after a change point in 1999 by...

Groundwater flow modeling for impact assessment of port dredging works on coastal hydrogeology in the area of Al-Wakrah (Qatar)

This paper presents the impact assessment of the port dredging works on aquifer’s hydrogeology in the area of Al-Wakrah Economic Port Zone 3 in Qatar (QEZ3) project using groundwater numerical model (MODFLOW-3D). The QEZ3 model is used to estimate the groundwater flow system and the groundwater levels in the study area, during the dredging and dewatering period. Specially, we...

Evaluation of adaptive neural-based fuzzy inference system approach for estimating saturated soil water content

The saturated soil water content (θ s ) is an important parameter in hydrological studies. In this paper, adaptive neural-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) was used for estimation of soil saturation percentage of some flood spreading areas in Iran. Soil particle size distribution (sand%, silt%, and clay%), bulk density and medium porosity (0.2–30 µm) were used to develop...

Prediction of groundwater suitability for irrigation using artificial neural network model: a case study of Nanded tehsil, Maharashtra, India

This study presents an artificial neural network (ANN) model predicting values of sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), residual sodium carbonate, magnesium adsorption ratio, Kellys ratio and percent sodium (%Na) in the groundwater of Nanded tehsil. The 50 groundwater samples were analyzed for different physicochemical parameters such as pH, EC, TDS, Ca, Mg, Na, K, Cl, CO3, HCO3, SO4...

Inference model to predict heavy metals of Bahr El Baqar soils, Egypt using spectroscopy and chemometrics technique

With 35 soil samples gathered from the Bahr El Baqar region, Egypt, the objective of this study was to propose an inference model for prediction of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni, Mn, Cr, Co, Fe) with visible near-infrared and short wave infrared (VNIR-SWIR) region (350–2500 nm). For a better understanding of the mechanism that allows the estimation of heavy metals with...

Multiscale characterization of streamflow and suspended sediment concentration data using Hilbert–Huang transform and time dependent intrinsic correlation analysis

In this paper, Hilbert–Huang transform method is applied for the characteristic analysis of monthly streamflow and total suspended sediment (TSS) concentration time series from two stations, Basantpur and Tikrapara in Mahanadi basin, India. All the four time series are first decomposed by the complete ensemble empirical mode decomposition with adaptive noise method into different...

A very fast simulated annealing method for inversion of magnetic anomaly over semi-infinite vertical rod-type structure

A very fast simulated annealing (VFSA) global optimization method is used to interpret and modeling of magnetic anomaly over a vertically magnetized semi-infinite vertical rod-type structure. The results of VFSA optimization reveal that various parameters show a number of equivalent solutions when shape of the target body is unidentified and shape factor is also optimized...

Assessing the degradation of vegetation of arid zones using FAO–UNIP model (case study: Kashan zone)

The process of desertification has a high intensity in developing countries as well as countries possessing high potential of desertification Therefore, particularly for those countries, it is necessary to combat against this phenomenon of desertification. Desertification is the diminution of ecological and biological potential of land occurring naturally or due to human...

Deciphering the groundwater–saline water interaction in a complex coastal aquifer in South India using statistical and hydrochemical mixing models

Hydrogeochemical investigations were carried out in a coastal aquifer along the East coast of Cuddalore district in Tamil Nadu, Southern India, to analyse the groundwater–seawater interactions. Multiple techniques including Hydrochemical Facies Evaluation Diagram (HFE-D), principle component analysis (PCA), ionic ratios, hydrochemical ionic changes models and salinity mixing...