E3S Web of Conferences

https://www.e3s-conferences.org/

List of Papers (Total 3,367)

Thermal distribution analysis of inner defects in TSV

In order to uncover the external manifestations of TSV internal defects, the finite element models of typical internal defects, which were filling missing, axial cavity and end cavity, were established. The thermal analysis was carried out using thermoelectric coupling method. The temperature distribution of TSV with and without defects were obtained. And the temperature...

Analysis and Assessment of Operation Risk for Hybrid AC/DC Power System based on the Monte Carlo Method

Based on the Monte Carlo method, an improved risk assessment method for hybrid AC/DC power system with VSC station considering the operation status of generators, converter stations, AC lines and DC lines is proposed. According to the sequential AC/DC power flow algorithm, node voltage and line active power are solved, and then the operation risk indices of node voltage over...

Temperature Drift Compensation of Eddy Current Sensor under High Temperature Environment

Eddy current sensor is an sensor based on eddy current effect. In practical engineering applications, the ambient temperature of eddy current sensor may be up to 135 ℃. The temperature drift of eddy current sensor magnifies the error of displacement detection. In this paper, the main factors that cause temperature drift are analyzed in detail, and the results show that the...

Effect of panel shape on hydrodynamic performances of vertical v-shaped double- slotted cambered otter-board

The effect of panel shape on hydrodynamic performances of a vertical v-shaped double-slotted cambered otter-board was investigated using engineering models in a wind tunnel. Three different shape panels (rhomboid, left trapezoid and isosceles trapezoid) were evaluated at a wind speed of 28 m/s. Parameters measured included: drag coefficient Cx, lift coefficient Cy, pitch moment...

Comparison of Standards for Accessible Design between America and China

Aiming at the accessibility design and environmental constructions of China, comparing the differences of codes for accessibility design between domestic and abroad. It’s including four aspects: the difference in audience of accessible design, content of the facilities, quantitative indexes and vision and hearing accessible design. It analyzed that the early stage of our country...

The Effect of Different Bags on Chlorophyll and Carotenoids in the Peel of Chinhuang Mango

The effect of different fruit bags on the content of chlorophyll and carotenoids in the fruit peel of Chinhuang mango during normal storage and after-ripening process was studied. The results showed that the content of chlorophyll and carotenoid in the bag was significantly lower than that of the control fruit. The skin color of the white paper bag fruit and the no bagged bag...

Research on The Removal of Scale Ions from Circulating Cooling Wastewater by Chemical Coagulation Process

In this paper, the circulating cooling wastewater was treated by chemical coagulation process through adding NaOH/Na2CO3.The effect of NaOH and Na2CO3 dose on removal of scale ions, such as Ca2+, Mg2+, Ba2+, Sr2+, SiO2, was studied and the removal mechanism was discussed. The results showed that the increase of NaOH dose was beneficial to the removal of above-mentioned scale ions...

Simulation of dissolved nutrient export from the Dongjiang river basin with a grid-based NEWS model

In this research, a grid-based NEWS model was proposed through coupling the geographic information system (GIS) with the Global NEWS model framework. The model was then applied to the Dongjiang River basin to simulate the dissolved nutrient export from this area. The model results showed that the total amounts of the dissolved nitrogen and phosphorus exported from the Dongjiang...

Restoration and Purification of Dissolved Organic Nitrogen by Bacteria and Phytoremediation in Shallow Eutrophic Lakes Sediments

Endogenous organic nitrogen loadings in lake sediments have increased with human activity in recent decades. A 6-month field study from two disparate shallow eutrophic lakes could partly reveal these issues by analysing seasonal variations of biodegradation and phytoremediation in the sediment. This paper describes the relationship between oxidation reduction potential...

Intelligence Control System for Landfills Based on Wireless Sensor Network

This paper put forward an intelligence system for controlling the landfill gas in landfills to make the landfill gas (LFG) exhaust controllably and actively. The system, which is assigned by the wireless sensor network, were developed and supervised by remote applications in workshop instead of manual work. An automatic valve control depending on the sensor units embedded is...

Quantitative analysis of factors that affect oil pipeline network accident based on Bayesian networks: A case study in China

Some factors can affect the consequences of oil pipeline accident and their effects should be analyzed to improve emergency preparation and emergency response. Although there are some qualitative analysis models of risk factors’ effects, the quantitative analysis model still should be researched. In this study, we introduce a Bayesian network (BN) model of risk factors’ effects...

Application of electrical geophysics to the release of water resources, case of Ain Leuh (Morocco)

Being seen needs in increasing waters in our contry for fine domestics, manufactures and agricultural, the prospecting of subterranean waters by geologic and hydrogeologic classic method remains inaplicable in the cases of the regions where one does not arrange drillings or polls (soundings) of gratitude (recongnition) in very sufficient (self-important) number.In that case of...

Estimation of Particle Material And Dissolved Flows During Floods In The Inaouene Watershed. (Northeast Of Morocco)

This work aims to estimate the contributions of the Inaouene River during the floods. It is in this context that the dissolved and particulate matter flows were measured during the flood periods followed by the 1996/97 study year at the two hydrological stations Bab Marzouka (upstream) and El Kouchat (downstream). The specific flows of dissolved materials calculated upstream and...

Radiative forcing of the desert aerosol at Ouarzazate (Morocco)

The atmospheric aerosol contributes to the definition of the climate with direct effect, the diffusion and absorption of solar and terrestrial radiations, and indirect, the cloud formation process where aerosols behave as condensation nuclei and alter the optical properties. Satellites and ground-based networks (solar photometers) allow the terrestrial aerosol observation and the...

Functioning of the Primary Aquifer Relating to the Maider Basin, Morocco: Case of the Ordovician aquifer.

The basin of Maider is limited northly by the vast ensemble Oriental Saghro-Ougnate, from the east by the Tafilalet plain, from the west by the oriental Jbel Bani, finally from the south and south-east by the Cretaceous Hamada of Kern-Kem. During last decades, groundwater in the basin of Maider, is confronting degradation in both cases: Quantitative and qualitative, as a result...

Assessment of burned coal shale properties based on cyclic load

Road surfaces that are subjected to cyclic loads generated by vehicle wheels must meet the requirements concerning the durability in the assumed period of use. The durability of the layered pavement construction systems depends on the value and frequency of the load as well as on the mechanical features of its individual layers. Layers of unbound, mechanically stabilized mixtures...

Reliability and safety, and the risk of construction damage in mining areas

This article concerns the reliability and safety of building structures in mining areas, with a particular emphasis on the quantitative risk analysis of buildings. The issues of threat assessment and risk estimation, in the design of facilities in mining exploitation areas, are presented here, indicating the difficulties and ambiguities associated with their quantification and...

Vertical Displacement of the Surface Area over the Leakage to the Transverse salt Mine in 1992–2012

The leakage of water in the salt mine caused considerable deformation of the surface. This article shows the vertical displacement in the area of leakage to the mine excavation, measured by precision leveling, carried out from the first days of leakage in 1992 until 2012. The geological and hydrogeological conditions of the mine, as well as the associated water hazards were...

Treatment of hazardous waste landfill leachate using Fenton oxidation process

The efficiency of Fenton’s oxidation was assessed in this study for hazardous waste landfill leachate treatment. The two major reagents, which are generally employed in Fenton’s process are H2O2 as oxidizing agent and Fe2+ as catalyst. Batch experiments were conducted to determine the effect of experimental conditions viz., reaction time, molar ratio, and Fenton reagent dosages...

Assessment of Three Flood Hazard Mapping Methods: A Case Study of Perlis

Flood is a common natural disaster and also affect the all state in Malaysia. Regarding to Drainage and Irrigation Department (DID) in 2007, about 29, 270 km2 or 9 percent of region of the country is prone to flooding. Flood can be such devastating catastrophic which can effected to people, economy and environment. Flood hazard mapping can be used is an important part in flood...

Effect of pH, temperature and moisture content during composting of rice straw burning at different temperature with food waste and effective microorganisms

Rice straw is considered as one of the most important agricultural residues and represented as one of the major by-products from rice production process. Normally, rice straw that produced after harvesting season been directly burned on-farm. Conversion of rice straw into value added compost will improve the productivity of plant, reduction of pollution towards environment and...

Adequacy of Flood Relief Shelters: A Case Study in Perak, Malaysia

The recent flood event occurred in 2014 had caused disastrous effects in Peninsular Malaysia in states of Kelantan, Pahang, Terengganu, Perak, Johor and Perlis. Perak state was reported with 12,115 victims from 2,896 families registered at 77 relief shelters. There are several issues encountered by the victims and related agencies which caused inconveniences and interruptions...

Physical and rheological properties of Titanium Dioxide modified asphalt

Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) has been known as a useful photocatalytic material that is attributed to the several characteristics includes high photocatalytic activity compared with other metal oxide photocatalysts, compatible with traditional construction materials without changing any original performance. This study investigates the physical and rheological properties of modified...

Microstructural aspects in steel fiber reinforced acrylic emulsion polymer modified concrete

Scanning electron microscope observations of polymer-free and polymer-modified cements have shown that the polymer particles are partitioned between the inside of hydrates and the surface of anhydrous cement grains. For optimum dosage of acrylic emulsion polymer with 2.5%, the C-S-H gel in this structure is finer and more acicular. Some polymer adheres or deposit on the surface...

Analysis of Factors Influencing Building Refurbishment Project Performance

Presently, the refurbishment approach becomes favourable as it creates opportunities to incorporate sustainable value with other building improvement. In this regard, this approach needs to be implemented due to the issues on overwhelming ratio of existing building to new construction, which also can contribute to the environmental problem. Refurbishment principles imply to...