The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging

http://link.springer.com/journal/10554

List of Papers (Total 411)

3D-assessment of RVOT dimensions prior percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation: comparison of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography versus 3D steady-state free precession sequence

To compare contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (ceMRA) and 3D steady-state free precession (SSFP) during systole and diastole for assessment of the right ventricle outflow tract (RVOT) in patients considered for percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. We retrospectively evaluated 89 patients (male: 45, mean age 19 ± 8...

The relationship of pre-procedural Dmax based sizing to lesion level outcomes in Absorb BVS and Xience EES treated patients in the AIDA trial

Due to expansion limits of the Absorb bioresorbable scaffold a meticulous implantation with correct sizing is required. We sought to investigate the clinical outcomes based on the sizing of the device related to the maximal lumen diameter measured by quantitative coronary angiography in Absorb BVS and Xience EES treated lesions in the AIDA trial. Sizing of Absorb bioresorbable...

Normal reference values of three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography-derived left atrial strain parameters (results from the MAGYAR-Healthy Study)

Left atrial (LA) size and function have been demonstrated to be important imaging biomarkers with powerful potential in predicting clinical outcome in several disorders. The angle-independent three-dimensional (3D) speckle-tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) has a capability for quantitative assessment of LA volumes and strains in 3D space at the same time from the same 3D acquired...

Myocardial tissue characterization in patients with hereditary gelsolin (AGel) amyloidosis using novel cardiovascular magnetic resonance techniques

Gelsolin (AGel) amyloidosis is a hereditary condition with common neurological effects. Myocardial involvement, especially strain, T1, or extracellular volume (ECV), in this disease has not been investigated before. Local myocardial effects and possible amyloid accumulation were the targets of interest in this study. Fifty patients with AGel amyloidosis were enrolled in the study...

The association between physical activity and cardiac performance is dependent on age: the Copenhagen City Heart Study

This study aimed to test the hypothesis that regular physical activity is associated with improved cardiac function measured by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in the general population. Within a large prospective community-based population study, cardiac function was assessed in 2221 persons by TDI. Longitudinal displacement (LD), early diastolic velocity (e’), and myocardial...

Combined T1-mapping and tissue tracking analysis predicts severity of ischemic injury following acute STEMI—an Oxford Acute Myocardial Infarction (OxAMI) study

Early risk stratification after ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is of major clinical importance. Strain quantifies myocardial deformation and can demonstrate abnormal global and segmental myocardial function in acute ischaemia. Native T1-mapping allows assessment of the severity of acute ischemic injury, however its clinical applicability early post MI is...

Bileaflet mechanical aortic valves do not alter ascending aortic wall shear stress

Progressive ascending aortic dilatation has been observed after mechanical aortic valve replacement (mAVR), possibly due to altered blood flow and wall shear stress (WSS) patterns induced by their bileaflet design. We examined the effect of mAVR on WSS in the ascending aorta using time-resolved 4D flow MRI. Fifteen patients with mechanical aortic valve prostheses, 10 patients...

Echocardiographic evaluation of left ventricular filling pressures in patients with pulmonary hypertension

Echocardiographic assessment of diastolic dysfunction depends on surrogate parameters. In recent years, guideline committees attempted to combine these parameters to diagnostic flowcharts allowing for correct classification of left ventricular filling pressures (LVFP). The value of these diagnostic tools is limited if the applied surrogate parameters are elevated due to other...

Myocardial segmental thickness variability on echocardiography is a highly sensitive and specific marker to distinguish ischemic and non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy in new onset heart failure

The aim of this study was to determine non-invasive diagnostic markers by echocardiography that differentiate ischemic dilated (ICM) from non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NICM) in patients with new onset heart failure. We identified 100 consecutive new heart failure patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (valvular etiology excluded). Clinical risk factors, medication history...

A novel software tool for semi-automatic quantification of thoracic aorta dilatation on baseline and follow-up computed tomography angiography

A dedicated software package that could semi-automatically assess differences in aortic maximal cross-sectional diameters from consecutive CT scans would most likely reduce the post-processing time and effort by the physicians. The aim of this study was to present and assess the quality of a new tool for the semi-automatic quantification of thoracic aorta dilation dimensions...

Can stress echocardiography identify patients who will benefit from percutaneous mitral valve repair?

The aim of the current study was to investigate whether stress echocardiography improves selection of patients who might have clinical benefit from percutaneous mitral valve repair with the MitraClip. In total, 39 patients selected for MitraClip implantation underwent preprocedural low-dose stress (dobutamine or handgrip) echocardiography from which stroke volume, ejection...

17β-estradiol preserves right ventricular function in rats with pulmonary arterial hypertension: an echocardiographic and histochemical study

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is more prevalent in females. Paradoxically, female patients have better right ventricular (RV) function and higher survival rates than males. However, the effects of 17β-estradiol (E2) on RV function in PAH has not been studied. Twenty-four male rats were exposed to monocrotaline (MCT) to induce experimental PAH, while treated with E2 or...

Moving into the next era of PET myocardial perfusion imaging: introduction of novel 18F-labeled tracers

The heart failure epidemic continues to rise with coronary artery disease as one of its main causes. Novel concepts for risk stratification to guide the referring cardiologist towards revascularization procedures are of significant value. Myocardial perfusion imaging using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) agents has demonstrated high accuracy for the detection...

Low CT temporal sampling rates result in a substantial underestimation of myocardial blood flow measurements

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of temporal sampling rate in dynamic CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CTMPI) on myocardial blood flow (MBF). Dynamic perfusion CT underestimates myocardial blood flow compared to PET and SPECT values. For accurate quantitative analysis of myocardial perfusion with dynamic perfusion CT a stable calibrated HU measurement of MBF...

Myocardial bridging of the left anterior descending coronary artery is associated with reduced myocardial perfusion reserve: a 13N-ammonia PET study

Myocardial Bridging (MB) refers to the band of myocardium that abnormally overlies a segment of a coronary artery. This paper quantitatively evaluates the influence of MB of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) on myocardial perfusion of the entire left ventricle. We studied 131 consecutive patients who underwent hybrid rest/stress 13N-ammonia positron emission tomography...

Echocardiographic assessment of right ventricular function: current clinical practice

Echocardiographic evaluation of right ventricular (RV) function is a challenge due to the complex anatomy of the RV. Several transthoracic echocardiographic methods have been suggested for the quantification of RV function. However, many of the parameters are time consuming and need dedicated hardware and software. We suspected that the majority of the established markers are not...

CMR quantitation of change in mitral regurgitation following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR): impact on left ventricular reverse remodeling and outcome

Current echocardiographic data reporting the impact of concomitant mitral regurgitation (MR) on outcome in patients who undergo transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are conflicting. Using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, this study aimed to assess the impact of MR severity on cardiac reverse remodeling and patient outcome. 85 patients undergoing TAVR with...

A serial 3- and 9-year optical coherence tomography assessment of vascular healing response to sirolimus- and paclitaxel-eluting stents

Early-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) have been demonstrated to delay vascular healing. Limited optical coherence tomography (OCT) data on the very long-term neointimal response after DES implantation are available. The aim of this study was a serial OCT assessment of neointimal thickness, stent strut coverage, malapposition, and protrusion as markers of neointimal response...

Value of low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography on defining true severe low gradient aortic stenosis in patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction

Low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is a valuable tool to distinguish true-severe (TS) from pseudo-severe (PS) low gradient aortic valve stenosis (LGAS) in patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). However, only scanty studies reported the clinical utility of DSE in differentiating TS-LGAS patients with preserved LVEF. We investigated the...

Computed tomography findings and preoperative risk factors for mortality of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection

Detailed preoperative imaging of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is critical to ensuring adequate surgical planning and preoperative decision making. The purpose of this study was to describe the computed tomography findings of TAPVC and identify morphologic death risk factors. We conducted a retrospective study included 70 patients with TAPVC between May 2014...

Do CTA measurements of annular diameter, perimeter and area result in different TAVI prosthesis sizes?

Incorrect prosthesis size has direct impact on patient outcome after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedure. Currently, annular diameter, area or perimeter may be used for prosthesis size selection. The aim was to evaluate whether the use different annular dimensions would result in the selection of different prosthesis sizes, when assessed in the same TAVI...