Journal of Ophthalmology

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/joph/

List of Papers (Total 1,579)

Inpatient and Emergency Room Ophthalmology Consultations at a Tertiary Care Center

Background. An ophthalmology consultation service is of significant benefit to patients in the hospital and is an instructive component of a residency education program. Ophthalmology consultations in a hospital present unique challenges to those seen in an outpatient clinic, for which the consulting ophthalmologist should be prepared. The purpose of this study was to profile the...

Combined Application of Bevacizumab and Mitomycin C or Bevacizumab and 5-Fluorouracil in Experimental Glaucoma Filtration Surgery

The present study aimed at observing the effect of a single subconjunctival injection of bevacizumab (BVZ) combined with 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) or mitomycin C (MMC) on the antiscarring effect of glaucoma filtration surgery (GFS). The inhibitory effect of combined BVZ and 5-Fu in retinal pigment epithelial cells on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels was demonstrated...

Postexercise Recovery of Schlemm’s Canal and Intraocular Pressure in Healthy Individuals: An Observational Study Using Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography

Purpose. To observe the recovery process of postexercise Schlemm’s canal (SC) and intraocular pressure (IOP) in healthy individuals. Methods. Twenty healthy individuals were recruited. SC and IOP were evaluated before exercise, immediately after exercise, and 15, 30, and 60 minutes after exercise. Superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal SC quadrants were evaluated using swept...

Evaluation of Sutureless, Glueless, Flapless, Intrascleral Fixated Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens in Children with Ectopia Lentis

Aim. This paper aims at evaluating refractive outcome and complication profile of sutureless, glueless, flapless, intrascleral fixation of intraocular lens (SFIOL) in pediatric population. Methods. This retrospective study included patients ≤18 years of age who underwent SFIOL for ectopia lentis. Details obtained included preoperative uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), cycloplegic...

Effects of Residual Anterior Lens Epithelial Cell Removal on Axial Position of Intraocular Lens after Cataract Surgery

Purpose. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of residual anterior lens epithelial cell (LEC) removal by anterior capsule polishing on the effective lens position (ELP) and axial position stability of the intraocular lens (IOL) after cataract surgery via postoperative measurement of the anterior chamber depth. Methods. We enrolled 30 patients (60 eyes) requiring...

The Evolution of Central Retinal and Choroidal Thickness in Acute Anterior Uveitic Patients with Spondyloarthropathy

Purpose. To describe and correlate the degree of anterior segment inflammation with central retinal and choroidal thickness throughout the treatment period (in the course of follow-up) in the eyes affected with acute anterior uveitis in the patients with seronegative spondyloarthropathy (subgroup: ankylosing spondylitis). Methods. Thirty eyes of 30 consecutive Caucasian patients...

Comparative Study of Y-Split Recession versus Faden Technique for Management of Infantile Esotropia in Egyptians

Purpose. This study compares the results of Y-split recession versus de Decker’s (modified Cüppers) Faden techniques of medial rectus (MR) muscles for the management of essential infantile esotropia (IET). Patients and Methods. Fifty patients had IET divided into Group A who underwent Y-split recession of MR muscles and Group B who underwent de Decker’s Faden technique of MR...

Stereoacuity of Black-White and Red-Green Patterns in Individuals with and without Color Deficiency

Background. Chromatic contrast may affect stereopsis. Daltonism is a common color deficiency in which the colors red and green are incorrectly detected. The aim of this study was to evaluate the stereoacuity of color-defective individuals presented with color symbols that they see defectively. Methods. Ten students diagnosed with daltonism and 10 students with normal color vision...

Effect of Hyaluronic Acid/Trehalose in Two Different Formulations on Signs and Symptoms in Patients with Moderate to Severe Dry Eye Disease

Purpose. This randomized, observer-masked, crossover study investigated the effect of two hyaluronic acid/trehalose-based containing formulations, with different physical properties, on the signs and symptoms in patients with moderate to severe dry eye disease (DED). Methods. In one group, patients received a mixture of sodium hyaluronate and trehalose (HT, Thealoz Duo®) for use...

Comparative Study of Y-Split Recession versus Faden Technique for Management of Infantile Esotropia in Egyptians

Purpose. This study compares the results of Y-split recession versus de Decker’s (modified Cüppers) Faden techniques of medial rectus (MR) muscles for the management of essential infantile esotropia (IET). Patients and Methods. Fifty patients had IET divided into Group A who underwent Y-split recession of MR muscles and Group B who underwent de Decker’s Faden technique of MR...

Poor Sleep Quality Is the Risk Factor for Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

Purpose. Whether sleep disturbance is related with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) is still in controversy. This study is designed to investigate sleep status in CSC using definite and well-established methods. Methods. A total of 134 CSC patients and 134 age- and sex-matched normal controls were recruited in the study. Demographic data were collected through a...

Ocular Manifestations of Alzheimer’s and Other Neurodegenerative Diseases: The Prospect of the Eye as a Tool for the Early Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease

Dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD), is a major disorder, leading to several ocular manifestations amongst the elderly population. These visual disorders may be due to retinal nerve degenerative changes, including nerve fibre layer thinning, degeneration of retinal ganglion cells, and changes to vascular parameters. There is no cure for Alzheimer’s, but medicines can...

Epi-Off versus Epi-On Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking in Keratoconus Patients: A Comparative Study through 2-Year Follow-Up

Aim. To evaluate two different techniques of cross-linking: standard epithelium-off (CXL epi-off) versus transepithelial (CXL epi-on) cross-linking in patient with progressive keratoconus. Methods. Forty eyes from 32 patients with progressive keratoconus were prospectively enrolled from June 2014 to June 2015 in this nonblinded, randomized comparative study. Twenty eyes were...

Vector Analysis of the Effects of FS-LASIK and Toric ICL for Moderate to High Astigmatism Correction

Purpose. To estimate the treatment effectiveness of femtosecond-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) and Toric implantable collamer lens (Toric ICL) for moderate and high astigmatism via vector analysis. Materials and Methods. The study involved 44 eyes from 44 patients who had a preoperative refractive cylinder ≥1.0 diopters (D) and underwent bilateral FS-LASIK or...

Current Evidence for the Prevention of Endophthalmitis in Anti-VEGF Intravitreal Injections

Intravitreal injection of a therapeutic substance is the most common procedure performed in ophthalmology. It has a low incidence of serious complications but is associated with a small chance of endophthalmitis. Although the rate of endophthalmitis is between 0.019% and 0.09%, the associated visual morbidity is often devastating. Procedural changes have evolved over the years to...

Medial Rectus Tendon Elongation with Bovine Pericard (Tutopatch®) in Thyroid-Associated Orbitopathy: A Long-Term Follow-Up including Oculodynamic MRI

Introduction. To assess long-term efficacy of bimedial rectus tendon elongation with Tutopatch in thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO). Materials and Methods. Retrospective chart review of 5 patients with TAO undergoing bimedial rectus recession with Tutopatch tendon elongation between 2009 and 2015. We analyzed horizontal squint angles, motility, field of binocular single vision...

Current Evidence for the Prevention of Endophthalmitis in Anti-VEGF Intravitreal Injections

Intravitreal injection of a therapeutic substance is the most common procedure performed in ophthalmology. It has a low incidence of serious complications but is associated with a small chance of endophthalmitis. Although the rate of endophthalmitis is between 0.019% and 0.09%, the associated visual morbidity is often devastating. Procedural changes have evolved over the years to...

Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonist Treatment for Steroid-Induced Central Serous Chorioretinopathy Patients with Continuous Systemic Steroid Treatment

Purpose. To investigate the effectiveness of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonist in patients with steroid-induced central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). Methods. A retrospective review was conducted of steroid-induced CSC patients who were treated with the MR antagonist spironolactone 50 mg once per day for at least 1 month. The primary outcome measure was complete...

Analysis of Anthocyanins Extracted from the Acai Fruit (Euterpe oleracea): A Potential Novel Vital Dye for Chromovitrectomy

Purpose. To classify and quantify anthocyanins in a vital dye extracted from the acai fruit (Euterpe oleracea), adjust pH and osmolarity, and perform lyophilization to develop a new chromovitrectomy dye. Methods. Three dye concentrations 10%, 25%, and 35% (equivalent to 100, 250, and 350 mg of lyophilized acai fruit pulp extract samples) were evaluated when diluted in 1 ml of...

Analysis of Anthocyanins Extracted from the Acai Fruit (Euterpe oleracea): A Potential Novel Vital Dye for Chromovitrectomy

Purpose. To classify and quantify anthocyanins in a vital dye extracted from the acai fruit (Euterpe oleracea), adjust pH and osmolarity, and perform lyophilization to develop a new chromovitrectomy dye. Methods. Three dye concentrations 10%, 25%, and 35% (equivalent to 100, 250, and 350 mg of lyophilized acai fruit pulp extract samples) were evaluated when diluted in 1 ml of...

Transpalpebral Electrical Stimulation as a Novel Therapeutic Approach to Decrease Intraocular Pressure for Open-Angle Glaucoma: A Pilot Study

Purpose. To determine the effect on intraocular pressure of transpalpebral specific exogenous voltages in a cohort of open-angle glaucoma patients. Methods. This is a prospective, comparative, and experimental pilot study. The electrical stimuli applied consisted of 10 Hz, biphasic, nonrectangular current pulses (100 μA) delivered from an isolated constant current stimulator. At...