Cell Death Discovery

http://www.nature.com/cddiscovery

List of Papers (Total 210)

Lysosomotropic challenge of mast cells causes intra-granular reactive oxygen species production

Mast cells contribute to the pathology of allergic and other disorders. Strategies to interfere with harmful mast cell-related activities are therefore warranted. Previously we established a principle for inducing selective apoptosis of mast cells, by the use of lysosomotropic agents that cause secretory granule permeabilization, leading to production of reactive oxygen species...

Cervical cancer subtypes harbouring integrated and/or episomal HPV16 portray distinct molecular phenotypes based on transcriptome profiling of mRNAs and miRNAs

Heterogeneity in cervical cancers (CaCx) in terms of HPV16 physical status prompted us to investigate the mRNA and miRNA signatures among the different categories of CaCx samples. We performed microarray-based mRNA expression profiling and quantitative real-time PCR-based expression analysis of some prioritised miRNAs implicated in cancer-related pathways among various categories...

Resveratrol enhances pluripotency of mouse embryonic stem cells by activating AMPK/Ulk1 pathway

Resveratrol, a natural polyphenolic compound, shows many beneficial effects in various animal models. It increases efficiency of somatic cell reprograming into iPSCs and contributes to cell differentiation. Here, we studied the effect of resveratrol on proliferation and pluripotency of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs). Our results demonstrate that resveratrol induces autophagy...

Human proximal tubular cells can form calcium phosphate deposits in osteogenic culture: role of cell death and osteoblast-like transdifferentiation

Nephrocalcinosis is a clinicopathological entity characterized by microscopic calcium crystals in the renal parenchyma, within the tubular lumen or in the interstitium. Crystal binding to tubular cells may be the cause underlying nephrocalcinosis and nephrolithiasis. Pathological circumstances, such as acute cortical necrosis, may induce healthy cells to acquire a crystal-binding...

Direct conversion of pig fibroblasts to chondrocyte-like cells by c-Myc

Unexpectedly, we found that c-Myc-expressing porcine embryonic fibroblasts (PEFs) subcutaneously implanted into nude mice formed cartilage-like tissues in vivo, while previous studies revealed the direct conversion of mouse and human somatic cells into chondrocytes by the combined use of several defined factors, including c-Myc, which prompted us to explore whether PEFs can be...

Molecular and epigenetic regulatory mechanisms of normal stem cell radiosensitivity

Ionizing radiation (IR) therapy is a major cancer treatment modality and an indispensable auxiliary treatment for primary and metastatic cancers, but invariably results in debilitating organ dysfunctions. IR-induced depletion of neural stem/progenitor cells in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus in the hippocampus where neurogenesis occurs is considered largely responsible...

Autophagy modulates temozolomide-induced cell death in alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma cells

Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a muscle-derived tumor. In both pre-clinical and clinical studies Temozolomide (TMZ) has been recently tested against RMS; however, the precise mechanism of action of TMZ in RMS remains unclear. Here we demonstrate that TMZ decreases the cell viability of the RH30 RMS and C2C12 cell line, where cells display evidence of mitochondrial outer membrane...

Autophagy and unfolded protein response (UPR) regulate mammary gland involution by restraining apoptosis-driven irreversible changes

The postnatal mammary gland undergoes repeated cycles of proliferation and cell death, most notably when the fully differentiated (lactating) gland dedifferentiates to a prelactation state. Accumulation of milk proteins in the secretory epithelium creates the stress signal that triggers this process (involution). How this stress is perceived, and the cellular processes that are...

YL064 directly inhibits STAT3 activity to induce apoptosis of multiple myeloma cells

Aberrant activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) plays a critical role in the proliferation and survival of multiple myeloma. And inactivation of STAT3 is considered a promising strategy for the treatment of multiple myeloma. Here we show that the sinomenine derivative YL064 could selectively reduce the cell viability of multiple myeloma cell...

The role of miR-106p-5p in cervical cancer: from expression to molecular mechanism

This study aims to investigate the role of miR-106b-5p in cervical cancer by performing a comprehensive analysis on its expression and identifying its putative molecular targets and pathways based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset, and literature review. Significant upregulation of miR-106b-5p in cervical cancer is confirmed by meta...

PIDD-dependent activation of caspase-2-mediated mitochondrial injury in E1A-induced cellular sensitivity to macrophage nitric oxide-induced apoptosis

Expression of the adenovirus E1A oncogene sensitizes tumor cells to innate immune rejection by apoptosis induced by macrophage-produced tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and nitric oxide (NO). E1A sensitizes cells to TNF-α and NO through two distinct mechanisms, by repressing NF-κB-dependent antiapoptotic responses and enhancing caspase-2 activation and mitochondrial injury...

BTK modulates p73 activity to induce apoptosis independently of p53

Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) is a key component of B cell receptor signalling. Because of this, BTK plays an important role in cell proliferation and survival in various B cell malignancies. However, in certain contexts, BTK can also have tumour suppressor functions. We have previously shown that BTK activates the p53 transcriptional activity by binding to and phosphorylating...

Intrathecal delivery of human ESC-derived mesenchymal stem cell spheres promotes recovery of a primate multiple sclerosis model

Nonhuman primate experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a valuable model for multiple sclerosis, an inflammatory demyelinating disease in the central nervous system (CNS). Human embryonic stem cell-derived mesenchymal stem cells (EMSC) are effective in treating murine EAE. Yet, it remains unknown whether the EMSC efficacy is translatable to humans. Here we induced a...

Two novel SHP-1 agonists, SC-43 and SC-78, are more potent than regorafenib in suppressing the in vitro stemness of human colorectal cancer cells

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) has been shown to play a critical role in the maintenance of cancer stem cells (CSCs). Hence, the inhibition of STAT3 signaling has been suggested to be a viable therapeutic approach for cancers. Moreover, the efficacy of combinations of chemotherapeutic drugs and napabucasin, a small-molecule STAT3 inhibitor, have been...

Increased glutamine anabolism sensitizes non-small cell lung cancer to gefitinib treatment

To better understand the resistance mechanism of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) to gefitinib, the metabolic profiles of gefitinib-resistant A549 cells and gefitinib-sensitive PC-9 cells were analyzed with a metabolomics analytical platform. A549 and PC-9 cells exhibited significant differences in the levels of glutamine-related metabolites. After gefitinib treatment, the...

Notch3/VEGF-A axis is involved in TAT-mediated proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells: Implications for HIV-associated PAH

The incidence of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a significant co-morbidity observed in HIV (+) individuals. Pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs)—key components of the arterial vessel wall that regulate vessel diameter, demonstrate increased proliferation and hypertrophy in the lungs of HIV infected individuals, underscoring the role of these cells in the...

Downregulated circulating microRNAs after surgery: potential noninvasive biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of early breast cancer

Success in curing breast cancer largely depends on the stage at diagnosis. Circulating microRNAs are becoming a promising noninvasive biomarker. We postulate that a postoperative decline in circulating microRNAs might have diagnostic and prognostic value. Applying high-throughput microarrays, we screened the dysregulated microRNAs in paired serum samples before and after surgery...

Increased Krüppel-like factor 12 impairs embryo attachment via downregulation of leukemia inhibitory factor in women with recurrent implantation failure

Recurrent implantation failure (RIF) caused by various etiological factors remains a challenge for fertility clinicians using assisted reproductive technology (ART) worldwide. Dysregulation of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) in the endometria of women with RIF is involved in impaired endometrial receptivity and embryo adhesion. However, the mechanism through which LIF expression...

Role of RAC3 coactivator in the adipocyte differentiation

RAC3 is a member of the p160 family of steroid receptor coactivators and it is highly expressed in several human cancers, contributing to enhanced cell proliferation and cellular transformation. In this work, we have studied the role of RAC3 in adipogenesis in L-929 cells. Adipogenesis is a highly regulated process, involving cell cycle arrest and changes in the gene expression...

Contribution of autophagy to ocular hypertension and neurodegeneration in the DBA/2J spontaneous glaucoma mouse model

Glaucoma is a progressive optic neuropathy characterized by axonal degeneration and retinal ganglion cells loss. Several factors have been postulated to play a role in glaucoma, elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) being the best well-known causative factor. The mechanisms leading to ocular hypertension and glaucoma are still not fully understood. An increasing number of evidence...

Autophagic cell death participates in POMC-induced melanoma suppression

Hypoxia in tumors is known to trigger the pro-survival pathways such as autophagy. Systemic proopiomelanocortin (POMC) gene therapy suppresses melanoma through apoptosis induction and neovascularization blockage. In this study, we investigated the crosstalk between autophagic and apoptotic signaling in POMC-mediated melanoma suppression. By histological and immunoblot analysis...