Advances in Mathematical Physics

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List of Papers (Total 1,112)

A New Approach for the Approximate Analytical Solution of Space-Time Fractional Differential Equations by the Homotopy Analysis Method

The motivation of this study is to construct the truncated solution of space-time fractional differential equations by the homotopy analysis method (HAM). The first space-time fractional differential equation is transformed into a space fractional differential equation or a time fractional differential equation before the HAM. Then the power series solution is constructed by the...

Numerical Treatment for the Three-Dimensional Eyring-Powell Fluid Flow over a Stretching Sheet with Velocity Slip and Activation Energy

In this manuscript, a computational paradigm of technique shooting is exploited for investigation of the three-dimensional Eyring-Powell fluid with activation energy over a stretching sheet with slip arising in the field of fluid dynamics. The problem is modeled and resulting nonlinear system of PDEs is transformed into nonlinear system of ODEs using well-known similarity...

Solution to the Problem of a Mass Traveling on a Taut String via Integral Equation

The problem of a massive taut string, traveled by a heavy point mass, moving with an assigned law, is formulated in a linear context. Displacements are assumed to be transverse, and the dynamic tension is neglected. The equations governing the moving boundary problem are derived via a variational principle, in which the geometric compatibility between the point mass and the...

Infinitely Many Solutions for a Superlinear Fractional -Kirchhoff-Type Problem without the (AR) Condition

In this paper, we investigate the existence of infinitely many solutions to a fractional -Kirchhoff-type problem satisfying superlinearity with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions as follows: where is a nonlocal integrodifferential operator with a singular kernel . We only consider the non-Ambrosetti-Rabinowitz condition to prove our results by using the symmetric mountain...

The Improved -Expansion Method and New Exact Solutions of Nonlinear Evolution Equations in Mathematical Physics

The -expansion method is improved by presenting a new auxiliary ordinary differential equation for . By using this method, new exact traveling wave solutions of two important nonlinear evolution equations, i.e., the ill-posed Boussinesq equation and the unstable nonlinear Schrödinger equation, are constructed. The obtained solutions contain Jacobi elliptic function solutions...

The Improved -Expansion Method and New Exact Solutions of Nonlinear Evolution Equations in Mathematical Physics

The -expansion method is improved by presenting a new auxiliary ordinary differential equation for . By using this method, new exact traveling wave solutions of two important nonlinear evolution equations, i.e., the ill-posed Boussinesq equation and the unstable nonlinear Schrödinger equation, are constructed. The obtained solutions contain Jacobi elliptic function solutions...

Transformation Method for Generating Periodic Solutions of Abel’s Differential Equation

This paper deals with Abel’s differential equation. We suppose that is a periodic particular solution of Abel’s differential equation and, then, by means of the transformation method and the fixed point theory, present an alternative method of generating the other periodic solutions of Abel’s differential equation.

On a New Characterization of Some Class Nonlinear Eigenvalue Problem

A normal mode analysis of a vibrating mechanical or electrical system gives rise to an eigenvalue problem. Faber made a fairly complete study of the existence and asymptotic behavior of eigenvalues and eigenfunctions, Green’s function, and expansion properties. We will investigate a new characterization of some class nonlinear eigenvalue problem.

Detecting Damage in Thin Plates by Processing Infrared Thermographic Data with Topological Derivatives

A thermogram is a color image produced by a thermal camera where each color level represents a different radiation intensity (temperature). In this paper, we study the use of steady and time-harmonic thermograms for structural health monitoring of thin plates. Since conductive heat transfer is short range and the associated signal–to–noise ratio is not much favorable, efficient...

Quantum Stochastic Cable Equation Acting on Functionals of Discrete-Time Normal Martingales

Let be a discrete-time normal martingale satisfying some mild conditions. Then Gel’fand triple can be constructed of functionals of , where elements of are called testing functionals of , while elements of are called generalized functionals of . In this paper, we consider a quantum stochastic cable equation in terms of operators from to . Mainly with the 2D-Fock transform as the...

Abundant Lump-Type Solutions and Interaction Solutions for a Nonlinear (3

We explore dynamical features of lump solutions as diversion and propagation in the space. Through the Hirota bilinear method and the Cole-Hopf transformation, lump-type solutions and their interaction solutions with one- or two-stripe solutions have been generated for a generalized (3

An Approximate Analytical Solution of the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation with Harmonic Oscillator Using Homotopy Perturbation Method and Laplace-Adomian Decomposition Method

The Laplace-Adomian Decomposition Method (LADM) and Homotopy Perturbation Method (HPM) are both utilized in this research in order to obtain an approximate analytical solution to the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with harmonic oscillator. Accordingly, nonlinear Schrödinger equation in both one and two dimensions is provided to illustrate the effects of harmonic oscillator on the...

Rota-Baxter Leibniz Algebras and Their Constructions

In this paper, we introduce the concept of Rota-Baxter Leibniz algebras and explore two characterizations of Rota-Baxter Leibniz algebras. And we construct a number of Rota-Baxter Leibniz algebras from Leibniz algebras and associative algebras and discover some Rota-Baxter Leibniz algebras from augmented algebra, bialgebra, and weak Hopf algebra. In the end, we give all Rota...

Macroscopic Irreversibility and Decay to Kinetic Equilibrium of the 1-Body PDF for Finite Hard-Sphere Systems

The conditions for the occurrence of the so-called macroscopic irreversibility property and the related phenomenon of decay to kinetic equilibrium which may characterize the 1-body probability density function (PDF) associated with hard-sphere systems are investigated. The problem is set in the framework of the axiomatic “ab initio” theory of classical statistical mechanics...

Identification of a Time-Dependent Coefficient in Heat Conduction Problem by New Iteration Method

This paper investigates the problem of identifying unknown coefficient of time dependent in heat conduction equation by new iteration method. In order to use new iteration method, we should convert the parabolic heat conductive equation into an integral equation by integral calculus and initial condition. This method constructs a convergent sequence of function, which...

Nanobeams and AFM Subject to Piezoelectric and Surface Scale Effects

Vibration dynamics of elastic beams that are used in nanotechnology, such as atomic force microscope modeling and carbon nanotubes, are considered in terms of a fundamental response within a matrix framework. The modeling equations with piezoelectric and surface scale effects are written as a matrix differential equation subject to tip-sample general boundary conditions and to...

Self-Similarity Analysis of the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation in the Madelung Form

In the present study a particular case of Gross-Pitaevskii or nonlinear Schrödinger equation is rewritten to a form similar to a hydrodynamic Euler equation using the Madelung transformation. The obtained system of differential equations is highly nonlinear. Regarding the solutions, a larger coefficient of the nonlinear term yields stronger deviation of the solution from the...

Loss, Gain, and Singular Points in Open Quantum Systems

Non-Hermitian quantum physics is used successfully for the description of different puzzling experimental results, which are observed in open quantum systems. Mostly, the influence of exceptional points on the dynamical properties of the system is studied. At these points, two complex eigenvalues of the non-Hermitian Hamiltonian coalesce (where is the energy and is the inverse...

An Iterative Method for Time-Fractional Swift-Hohenberg Equation

We study a type of iterative method and apply it to time-fractional Swift-Hohenberg equation with initial value. Using this iterative method, we obtain the approximate analytic solutions with numerical figures to initial value problems, which indicates that such iterative method is effective and simple in constructing approximate solutions to Cauchy problems of time-fractional...

Loss, Gain, and Singular Points in Open Quantum Systems

Non-Hermitian quantum physics is used successfully for the description of different puzzling experimental results, which are observed in open quantum systems. Mostly, the influence of exceptional points on the dynamical properties of the system is studied. At these points, two complex eigenvalues of the non-Hermitian Hamiltonian coalesce (where is the energy and is the inverse...

Diffusion Process and Reaction on a Surface

We investigate the influence of the surface effects on a diffusive process by considering that the particles may be sorbed or desorbed or undergo a reaction process on the surface with the production of a different substance. Our analysis considers a semi-infinite medium, where the particles may diffuse in contact with a surface with active sites. For the surface effects, we...

Diffusion Process and Reaction on a Surface

We investigate the influence of the surface effects on a diffusive process by considering that the particles may be sorbed or desorbed or undergo a reaction process on the surface with the production of a different substance. Our analysis considers a semi-infinite medium, where the particles may diffuse in contact with a surface with active sites. For the surface effects, we...

Exact Solutions with Variable Coefficient Function Forms for Conformable Fractional Partial Differential Equations by an Auxiliary Equation Method

In this paper, an auxiliary equation method is introduced for seeking exact solutions expressed in variable coefficient function forms for fractional partial differential equations, where the concerned fractional derivative is defined by the conformable fractional derivative. By the use of certain fractional transformation, the fractional derivative in the equations can be...

A Study of the Transport of Marine Pollutants Using Adjoint Method of Data Assimilation with Method of Characteristics

An adjoint method of data assimilation with the characteristic finite difference (CFD) scheme is applied to marine pollutant transport problems and the temporal and spatial distribution of marine pollutants are simulated. Numerical tests of two-dimensional problems of pollutant transport with two different schemes indicate that the error of CFD is smaller than that of central...

A Study of the Transport of Marine Pollutants Using Adjoint Method of Data Assimilation with Method of Characteristics

An adjoint method of data assimilation with the characteristic finite difference (CFD) scheme is applied to marine pollutant transport problems and the temporal and spatial distribution of marine pollutants are simulated. Numerical tests of two-dimensional problems of pollutant transport with two different schemes indicate that the error of CFD is smaller than that of central...