Operative Neurosurgery

https://academic.oup.com/ons

List of Papers (Total 253)

Minimally Invasive Single-Stage Removal of a Thoracic Dumbbell Tumor from a Posterior Approach: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

Dumbbell-shaped thoracic tumors usually involve the spinal canal and the posterior thoracic cavity. Gross total resection is the treatment of choice, but techniques for surgical excision remain controversial. An anterolateral transthoracic approach may remove the paravertebral component of the tumor, but has limited or no control of the intracanal lesion. A combined...

Stereoscopic Surgical Video of Combined Petrosectomy With Virtual Reality Headset: 3-Dimensional Operative Video

The use of 3-dimensional (3D) videos allows students to visualize surgical procedures from the perspective of the surgeon without missing the essential parts.1 This 3D commented video demonstrates the operative technique and surgical nuances of the combined petrosectomy, visualize using virtual reality headsets.

Interhemispheric Approaches to Arteriovenous Malformations: 3-Dimensional Operative Video

We present 2 illustrative cases of interhemispheric approaches to right sided arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The first patient is a healthy 54-yr-old female who presented with left-sided hearing loss and pulsatile tinnitus, and was neurologically intact. Imaging demonstrated a right sided interhemispheric AVM, fed by the anterior cerebral artery with superficial venous...

Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Approach for Excision of C8 Nerve Root Schwannoma: 3-Dimensional Operative Video

Brachial plexus tumors are uncommon lesions in young adults. The majority of these are benign peripheral sheath tumors. In this 3-dimensional video, we present a case of a 19-yr-old female who presented to the neurosurgical outpatients with an anterior neck lump. It has been present for months, causing occasional numbness and paraesthesia in the distribution of the left ring...

Recanalization of Acute Common Carotid Artery Occlusion: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

While revascularization of the acutely or chronically occluded internal carotid artery has become commonplace with modern endovascular techniques, revascularization of an acutely occluded common carotid artery (CCA) is a controversial procedure with unique challenges. These challenges can be related to the lack of observable markers for identifying vessels during navigation or...

Working Channel Endoscopic Interlaminar Microdiscectomy: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

This video demonstrates a working channel interlaminar microdiscectomy performed in a patient with significant back and leg pain due to a persistent disc herniation. We describe this technique in detail, describing the endoscopic anatomy and illustrating key steps to safely perform this operation. Due to the limited soft tissue destruction required to access the disc space with...

Minimally Invasive Single-Position Lateral Interbody Fusion With Robotic Bilateral Percutaneous Pedicle Screw Fixation: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

Lateral interbody fusion has distinct advantages over traditional posterior approaches. When adjunctive percutaneous pedicle screw fixation is required, placement from the lateral decubitus position theoretically increases safety and improves operative efficiency by obviating the need for repositioning. However, safe cannulation of the contralateral, down-side pedicles remains...

Intradural and Extradural Ligation of a Left Dural Arteriovenous Fistula of the Sigmoid Sinus Using a Retrosigmoid Approach: 3-Dimensional Operative Video

Dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) are acquired dural shunts between an artery and a vein without parenchymal nidus. DAVFs represent 10%-15% of intracranial arteriovenous malformations, and their manifestations vary from asymptomatic to devastating intracranial hemorrhage.1 They are classified according to their drainage and presence/absence of cortical venous reflux (CVR).2,3...

General Principles for Preoperative Planning and Microsurgical Treatment of Pediatric Brain Arteriovenous Malformations: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

Children with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are at cumulative, life-long risk of debilitating and fatal intracranial hemorrhage, especially with syndromes such as hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Cerebral angiography is the gold standard for diagnosis and allows simultaneous adjunctive embolization limiting radiation and contrast exposure and intraoperative blood loss...

Right Pretemporal-Transsylvian Approach for Resection of a Midbrain Cavernous Malformation: 3-Dimensional Operative Video

Brainstem cavernous malformations (CMs) account for 15% to 18% of all intracranial CMs1 and 13% of all cerebrovascular pathology in the posterior fossa.1,2 This video demonstrates the resection of a pontomesencephalic CM through a pretemporal approach through the oculomotor-tentorial triangle (OTT).3 A 49-yr-old woman presented with an acute onset of left hemiparesis, diplopia...

Microsurgical Resection of Thoracic Meningioma: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

The primary goal of surgery with spinal meningioma is complete safe tumor removal and decompression of the spinal cord. For the surgical removal of spinal meningioma, internal debulking before dissection of the tumor capsule is essential. Intraoperative ultrasonography to localize the tumor is recommended by some authors, but we use indocyanine green (ICG) videography to...

Minimally Invasive Resection of a Cervical Anterolateral Meningioma: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

Intradural extramedullary spinal tumors were historically managed through traditional midline approaches. Although conventional laminectomy or laminoplasty provides a wide tumor and spinal cord exposure, they may cause prolonged postoperative neck pain and late kyphosis deformity. Minimally invasive ipsilateral hemilaminectomy preserves midline structures, reduces the paraspinal...

Resection of a Pediatric Intramedullary Spinal Cord Tumor: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

This video is a case presentation and demonstration of surgical approach to a pediatric intramedullary spinal cord tumor (IMSCT). IMSCT can be associated with significant morbidity and aggressive resection is associated with more favorable long-term outcome. A 13-yr-old male presented to clinic for evaluation of rapidly progressive scoliosis to the left. A contrasted MRI revealed...

High Cervical Ependymoma Resection: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

This operative video illustrates resection of a cervical ependymoma in a 40-yr-old female with numbness of upper and lower extremities and ataxia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated an enhancing intramedullary intradural spinal mass at C2-3. The patient underwent a posterior cervical laminoplasty for tumor resection. This video highlights the natural history of this...

Azygous Anterior Cerebral Artery Acute Occlusion Managed With Endovascular Mechanical Thrombectomy: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

Mechanical thrombectomy has become the standard of care for management of most acute large-vessel occlusion (LVO) strokes. Most intracranial occlusions are located in the middle cerebral and internal carotid arteries. We present a unique case of acute occlusion of an azygous anterior cerebral artery (ACA). A 59-yr-old man with known hypertension and alcoholism presented with...

Resection of an Embolized Cirsoid Aneurysm With Intracranial Venous Drainage: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

Cirsoid aneurysms, also known as scalp arteriovenous malformations (AVM), are rare congenital extracranial vascular anomalies that often present as an enlarging pulsatile scalp mass. A 14-yr-old male presented with a pulsatile scalp lesion that was first noticed 3 yr prior and had progressively enlarged. No history of trauma was reported. MRI demonstrated a 4 cm wide and 2 cm...

Microsurgical Clip Placement for a Giant Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm With Intraluminal Thrombus: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

Giant brain aneurysms account for approximately 5% of all intracranial aneurysms. Although treatment modalities can vary widely, none is ideal for every patient. Endovascular treatment is usually preferred, especially when the large size of the aneurysm limits visualization of the brain parenchyma and parent vessels that arise from the aneurysm, making surgical clip placement...

Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Interbody Fusion With Robotically Assisted Bilateral Pedicle Screw Fixation: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) techniques may enable faster patient recovery and reduce the incidence of postoperative infections. Image-guided approaches to spinal instrumentation and interbody fusion have gained popularity in MIS, reducing radiation exposure and improving screw placement accuracy. Use of a novel computed tomography (CT) navigation-based robotic arm provides...