Granular Matter

https://link.springer.com/journal/10035

List of Papers (Total 91)

Effect of particle morphology and contacts on particle breakage in a granular assembly studied using X-ray tomography

The macroscopic response of a geomaterial is entirely determined by changes at the particle scale. It has been established that particle crushing is affected by particle size, shape and mineral composition and initial density; and the initiation of breakage has often been related to the onset of yielding. Encouraged by the success of X-ray tomography in revealing particle-scale...

A constitutive model for granular materials with evolving contact structure and contact forces—part II: constitutive equations

This and the companion paper present a constitutive model for granular materials with evolving contact structure and contact forces, where the contact structure and contact forces are characterised by some statistics of grain-scale entities such as contact normals and contact forces. And these statistics are actually the “fabric” or “force” terms in the “stress–force–fabric” (SFF...

A constitutive model for granular materials with evolving contact structure and contact forces—Part I: framework

This and the companion paper present a constitutive model for granular materials with evolving contact structure and contact forces, where the contact structure and contact forces are characterised by some statistics of grain-scale entities such as contact normals and contact forces. And these statistics are actually the “fabric” or “force” terms in the “stress–force–fabric” (SFF...

The influence of particle size distribution on parameters characterizing the spatial structure of porous beds

The article proposes functions linking the standard deviation of a particle distribution in a porous bed consisting of spherical particles with various parameters characterising the spatial structure of the bed. The porosity, the inner surface, the specific surface and the geometrical tortuosity were analysed. In the first stage, a set of virtual beds was created with the use of...

A peek into the origin of creep in sand

This paper presents the results of an experimental study of the particle scale mechanisms that underpin creep, on-going deformations under constant external load, in dry non-cemented sand under 1D oedometric compression loading at 2500 kPa. Traditional observations on the boundary of the sample are complemented with simultaneous measurements of the 3D kinematics of both the...

Meso-scale analyses of size effect in brittle materials using DEM

The paper describes numerical meso-scale results of a size effect on strength, brittleness and fracture in brittle materials like concrete. The discrete element method (DEM) was used to simulate the size effect during quasi-static splitting tension with the experimental-based meso-structure. The two-dimensional (2D) calculations were carried out on concrete cylindrical specimens...

The Path Tracking Method as an alternative for tortuosity determination in granular beds

Tortuosity is one of the most elusive parameters of porous media. The fundamental question is whether it may be computed from the geometry only or the transport equations must be solved first. Elimination of the transport equations would significantly decrease the computation time and memory consumption and thus allow investigating larger samples. We compare the geometric to...

Comparison of two different types of railway ballast in compression and direct shear tests: experimental results and DEM model validation

Railway ballast is an angular and coarse material, which demands careful DEM modelling and validation. Particle shape is often modelled in high accuracy, thus leading to computational expensive DEM models. Whether this effort will increase the DEM model’s overall prediction quality will also vitally depend on the used contact law and the validation process. In general, a DEM...

From episodic avalanching to continuous flow in a granular drum

Experiments are conducted to study the transition from episodic avalanching (slumping) to continuous flow (rolling) in drums half full of granular material. The width and radius of the drum is varied and different granular materials are used, ranging from glass spheres with different radii to irregularly shaped sand. Image processing is performed in real time to extract...

Relationship between vortex structures and shear localization in 3D granular specimens based on combined DEM and Helmholtz–Hodge decomposition

The paper presents three-dimensional simulation results of granular vortex structures in cohesionless initially dense sand during quasi-static plane strain compression. The sand behaviour was simulated using the discrete element method (DEM). Sand grains were modelled by spheres with contact moments to approximately capture the irregular grain shape. The Helmholtz–Hodge...

Selection of material for X-ray tomography analysis and DEM simulations: comparison between granular materials of biological and non-biological origins

Physical properties and X-ray tomography images of five different granular materials: glass bead, glass grit, short grain white rice, sorghum and clay granules (Seramis) are investigated to select the most promising materials for numerical simulations and time-lapse X-ray tomography imaging. The examined materials represent granular materials of non-biological origin (glass bead...

Discrete element modelling of under sleeper pads using a box test

It has recently been reported that under sleeper pads (USPs) could improve ballasted rail track by decreasing the sleeper settlement and reducing particle breakage. In order to find out what happens at the particle–pad interface, discrete element modelling (DEM) is used to provide micro mechanical insight. The same positive effects of USP are found in the DEM simulations. The...

Numerical analysis of compression mechanics of highly polydisperse granular mixtures with different PSD-s

The deformation of three-dimensional highly polydisperse packings of frictional spheres with continuous unimodal and discrete uniform particle size distributions (PSDs) under uniaxial compression was investigated, using the discrete element method. The stress transmission and elasticity parameters, i.e., the effective elastic modulus and the Poisson’s ratio of the granular...

Modeling of combined slip and finite sliding at spherical grain contacts

The present paper is aimed at developing the analytical description of the interaction of two contacting spheres for several classes of slip and sliding trajectories, typical in the experimental testing. The analysis accounts for memory effects in the slip regime and configurational effects in the sliding regime, expressed in terms of an active loading surface and memory surfaces...

Probabilistic calibration of discrete element simulations using the sequential quasi-Monte Carlo filter

The calibration of discrete element method (DEM) simulations is typically accomplished in a trial-and-error manner. It generally lacks objectivity and is filled with uncertainties. To deal with these issues, the sequential quasi-Monte Carlo (SQMC) filter is employed as a novel approach to calibrating the DEM models of granular materials. Within the sequential Bayesian framework...

Spectrophotometric analysis of disintegration mechanisms (abrasion and crushing) of agglomerates during the disc granulation of dolomite

The analysis of mechanisms which affect the formation of agglomerates and determine the granulation process in a broad sense encounters difficulties related to the many ways of the formation of granules. The aim of the study was to perform a qualitative and quantitative analysis of granulation mechanisms with special reference to agglomerates’ disintegration in the disc...

Linking attractive interactions and confinement to the rheological response of suspended particles close to jamming

We study the response to simple shear start-up of an overdamped, athermal assembly of particles with tuneable attractive interactions. We focus on volume fractions close to the jamming point, where such systems can become disordered elastoplastic solids. By systematically varying the strength of the particle–particle attraction and the volume fraction, we demonstrate how cohesion...

Understanding granular media: from fundamentals and simulations to industrial application

Academic and industrial research on the behaviour of granular material is increasingly supported by numerical simulations. Such simulation environments are not only a vital tool in design and analysis, but also a key link between physicists and engineers. This Topical Collection includes a range of papers that use simulation to study granular matter from the micro- and...

Numerical study of a sphere descending along an inclined slope in a liquid

The descending process of a sphere rolling and/or sliding along an inclined slope in a liquid involves interactions between the hydrodynamic forces on the sphere and the contact forces between the sphere and the plane. In this study, the descending process of sphere in a liquid was examined using coupled LBM–DEM technique. The effects of slope angle, viscosity and friction...

3D fibre architecture of fibre-reinforced sand

The mechanical behaviour of fibre-reinforced sands is primarily governed by the three-dimensional fibre architecture within the sand matrix. In laboratory, the normal procedures for sample preparation of fibre-sand mixtures generally produce a distribution of fibre orientations with a preferential bedding orientation, generating strength anisotropy of the composite’s response...

Formulation and numerical implementation of micro-scale boundary conditions for particle aggregates

Novel numerical algorithms are presented for the implementation of micro-scale boundary conditions of particle aggregates modelled with the discrete element method. The algorithms are based on a servo-control methodology, using a feedback principle comparable to that of algorithms commonly applied within control theory of dynamic systems. The boundary conditions are defined in...

Parametrisation of a DEM model for railway ballast under different load cases

The prediction quality of discrete element method (DEM) models for railway ballast can be expected to depend on three points: the geometry representation of the single particles, the used contact models and the parametrisation using principal experiments. This works aims at a balanced approach, where none of the points is addressed with excessive depth. In a first step, a simple...

Dusts from dry off-gas cleaning: comparison of flowability determined by angle of repose and with shear cells

The flowability of the dust separated in dry off-gas cleaning systems is an important characteristic for the design of dust storage and conveying equipment. The angle of repose is often used as an indicator for the flowability of granular material. In this study the results for the flowability obtained from the angle of repose and by the ratio of the consolidation stress to the...

Influence of packing density and stress on the dynamic response of granular materials

Laboratory geophysics tests including bender elements and acoustic emission measure the speed of propagation of stress or sound waves in granular materials to derive elastic stiffness parameters. This contribution builds on earlier studies to assess whether the received signal characteristics can provide additional information about either the material’s behaviour or the nature...

A general rotation averaging method for granular materials

In order to study the rotational behavior of granular materials, rotation averaging methods are required. Most of the existing rotation averaging methods are only for 2D cases and limited by the shape, position and size of the averaging volumes. Hence, a general rotation averaging method is proposed in this paper. Our approach is simple yet works for both 2D and 3D cases with...