Applied Water Science

http://link.springer.com/journal/13201

List of Papers (Total 809)

Less effect of wells physicochemical properties on the antimicrobial susceptibility Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated in equatorial region of Central Africa

This study aimed at assessing the impact of some wells abiotic factors on the antimicrobial susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated. A total of 14 well waters of Douala and Yaoundé towns (Cameroon, Central Africa) were chosen. Fifteen antibiotics were used to test antimicrobial susceptibility with the majority belonging to β-lactam, aminoglycoside and quinolone groups...

Simultaneous removal of nitrate and phosphate from wastewater using solid waste from factory

Phosphorous and nitrogen concentration, respectively, between 20–100 and 500–1000 μg/L can cause eutrophication. Thus, developing efficient low-cost removal method is important to protect the aquatic environment. The aim of this study is to investigate simultaneous nitrate and phosphate adsorption capacity of solid waste residue (SWR) generated from Awash Melkassa Aluminium...

Computational and experimental study for the desalination of petrochemical industrial effluents using direct contact membrane distillation

The petrochemical, mining and power industries have reacted to the recent South African water crisis by focussing on improved brine treatment for water and salt recovery with the aim of achieving zero liquid effluent discharge. The purpose of this novel study was to compare experimentally obtained results from the treatment of synthetic NaCl solutions and petrochemical industrial...

Identification of watershed preference management areas under water quality and scarcity constraints: case of Jhajjar district watershed, India

Groundwater quality, scarcity and over-exploitation of available resources have produced several critical problems in Jhajjar district, Haryana, India. Health problems associated with drinking of polluted groundwater and its escalating demands make management of groundwater more complicated and require more innovative scientific analyses for good strategies of water management...

Utility of multivariate statistical analysis to identify factors contributing river water quality in two different seasons in cold-arid high-altitude region of Leh-Ladakh, India

Monitoring water quality of surface water resources is the key concern in determining the potable water quality in high-altitude region. Therefore, there is a need to evaluate different parameters affecting water quality of river and identify the most important variables and factors significantly affecting water quality. In the present study, multivariate statistical methods...

Landuse and surface water quality in an emerging urban city

The study analyzed the impact of landuse types on surface water quality in an emerging urban city. The objectives were to classify the existing landuse types, examine the variation in water quality across different landuse types, examine the quality of surface water using the water quality index, and compare the water quality parameters with the World Health Organization (WHO...

Geo-spatial technique-based approach on drainage morphometric analysis at Kalrayan Hills, Tamil Nadu, India

Drainages are pulses which in turn help us to understand the ongoing process in the hill ecosystem. The Kalrayan hill is known for its dissected terrain condition, rich biological diversity and depletion of natural resources. Therefore, a study on quantitative geomorphometry was carried out in the Kalrayan Hills, Eastern Ghats, Tamil Nadu, using Indian remote sensing 1D LISSIII...

The hydrogeochemical signatures, quality indices and health risk assessment of water resources in Umunya district, southeast Nigeria

The hydrogeochemical characteristics, water quality and health risk statuses of waters in Umunya district, southeastern Nigeria were studied, in attempt to evaluate their suitability for drinking and domestic purposes. Twelve groundwater and 3 surface water samples were analyzed for 26 physicochemical and hydrogeochemical parameters, using standard techniques. Results show that...

Inactivation of Escherichia coli in water by silver-coated Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 magnetic nanocomposite: a Box–Behnken design optimization

The present research studied the antibacterial effect of silver-coated Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 magnetic nanoparticles on Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli) from water. The effects of pH (6, 7 and 9), disinfectant dose (2, 5 and 10 g/L) and contact time (10, 20 and 30 min) have been also investigated. To obtain important factors, the interactions between factors and optimal...

Development of simplified WQIs for assessment of spatial and temporal variations of surface water quality in upper Damodar river basin, eastern India

In this study, four surface water quality datasets of upper Damodar river basin (DRB) covering three seasons; pre-monsoon, monsoon, post-monsoon and annual, for years 2007–2010 were generated by analyzing 280 grab water samples. Each dataset consist of water quality constituents of 35 monitoring stations and sample of each station was evaluated by 17 critical parameters (total...

Prediction of the pollutants movements from the polluted industrial zone in 10th of Ramadan city to the Quaternary aquifer

There are some sources of pollution of the groundwater such as the industrial, agriculture, domestic activities and the oxidation ponds that are considered collection points for waste disposal plants. The motivations to do this work were: (1) investigating the concentrations of pollutants in the oxidation ponds and well surrounding the 10th Ramadan city and (2) predicting the...

Impacts of future climate variability on hydrological processes in the upstream catchment of Kase River basin, Japan

The purpose of this study is to predict the hydrological responses to climate change in the upstream catchment of Kase River basin having an area of 225 km2 by using MIKE SHE model and GIS. Meteorological and hydrological data for the period of 5 years were available in Kase River basin. Average daily discharge data from 5-year period (1991–1995) were used for the calibration...

Untreated and Sargassum wightii-treated brilliant green dye toxicity impact on microflora and Allium cepa L.

Seaweed Sargassum wightii is one of the most important marine resources as they have biological activity. Numerous researchers have reported on brilliant green dye decolourization using various seaweed. Despite its impact on after treatment, little information is available on the effect of seaweed-treated dye toxicity against plants and microorganisms. The present investigation...

Hydrogeochemical processes in the groundwater environment of Batlagundu block, Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu: conventional graphical and multivariate statistical approach

Water quality assessment is essential to ensure viable safe use of the resources for drinking, agricultural and industrial purposes. Deterioration of groundwater quality due to anthropogenic activities is increasing at an alarming rate in most parts of Dindigul district, but limited work has been carried out on groundwater quality and monitoring. This paper highlights the...

Morphometric analysis using SRTM and GIS in synergy with depiction: a case study of the Karmanasa River basin, North central India

The Karmanasa basin is spread over the Kaimur sandstone (Upper Vindhyan) and marginal Ganga plain with the areal extension of about 7926 km2. The quantitative approach of the basin development of the Karmanasa River basin was carried out by the morphometric parameters. The drainage network was extracted from SRTM data. The trellis pattern characterizes upstream of the drainage...

Influence of physicochemical water quality on aquatic macrophyte diversity in seasonal wetlands

The present study aims to assess the physicochemical parameters and distribution of aquatic macrophytes of seasonal wetlands flowing into the coast of Palk Bay, southeast coast of India. We tested the hypothesis whether there is any statistically significant difference in physicochemical parameters and macrophyte communities among study location. Water quality parameters such as...

Novel approach for issues identification in transboundary water management using fuzzy c-means clustering

Rivers, a major freshwater resource, are transboundary in nature (310 international basins) and are not governed by any water agreements. Scientific knowledge based on transboundary water resources is confined; hence, the identification of “knowledge gaps” to smoothen decision making in water management is necessary. To figure out the issues that affect water sharing is deemed...

Assessment of physicochemical and bacteriological parameters in surface water of Padma River, Bangladesh

In the present study, surface water samples were collected during three seasons (summer, monsoon and winter) from four different study sites (T-dam, Padma Garden, I-dam and Talaimari point) of Padma River at Rajshahi, Bangladesh, and various physicochemical and bacterial parameters were analyzed based on standard methods. Significant differences (p < 0.05) in physicochemical...

A comparative study of the performance of artificial neural network and multivariate regression in simulating springs discharge in the Caspian Southern Watersheds, Iran

While there are different methods and models that can be applied to estimate the qualitative and quantitative parameters of water resources, unfortunately, no comprehensive qualitative and quantitative data exist about water resources in Iran. The present study is to compare the performance of the artificial neural network (ANN) and the multivariate regression methods in...

Vertical hydraulic conductivity of riverbank and hyporheic zone sediment at Muda River riverbank filtration site, Malaysia

In analysing the stream–aquifer interactions and riverbank filtration (RBF) systems, it is very crucial to determine the vertical riverbank and streambed hydraulic conductivity. The riverbank and streambed focused in this investigation are a riverbank of six layers with depths of 38 m and streambed with depths of 9 m connected layers of sediments at 22 test locations and 4 test...

Identification of homogeneous precipitation regions via Fuzzy c-means in the hydrographic region of Tocantins–Araguaia of Brazilian Amazonia

Determination of homogeneous regions of precipitation is a major step towards obtaining regional rainfall patterns, which are models for the estimation of total rainfall used in water resources engineering. In this study, homogeneous regions of precipitation were identified within the Hydrographic Region of Tocantins–Araguaia (HRTA) of Brazilian Amazonia. This hydrographic basin...

Flood risk and adaptation in Indian coastal cities: recent scenarios

Coastal cities contrive to spread their transformative influence both into the hinterland, along the coastline, and into the coastal waters themselves. These effects will be intensified in urban agglomerations as the concentration of population and allied activities are more pronounced there compared to the inland regions. Indian coastal cities are no exception, and it is high...

Estimating generalized of global impacts to water quality on soil characteristics in basin of the Great Sebkha of Oran

In basin of the Great Sebkha of Oran, water deficit linked to climate semi-aridity has forced farmers to resort to the use of underground water of poor quality, which considered as the major cause of soil degradation. The alluvial aquifer waters are particularly characterized by higher relatively concentration in dissolved salts when compared them with other aquifers of the same...

Economic analysis of water production from atmospheric air using Scheffler reflector

In this paper, the economics analysis of water production by using different solid desiccant materials and composite materials through Scheffler reflector is presented. The experiments for water production have been performed at National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India [29°58′ (latitude) North and 76°53′ (longitude) East]. The various factors have been...

Reactive orange 16 dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by psyllium seed powder as a low-cost biosorbent: kinetic and equilibrium studies

The biosorption process using natural materials has found widespread applications than to their inexpensiveness, availability, and reusability. The aim of this research is to investigate the efficiency of psyllium seed powder in removal of reactive orange 16 dye. The impacts of various influential parameters such as initial pH, contact time, adsorbent dose, temperature and dye...