Materials and Structures

http://link.springer.com/journal/11527

List of Papers (Total 190)

New polymer-based treatments for the prevention of damage by salt crystallization in stone

Salt crystallization can produce severe damage in porous stones, with a dramatic impact on cultural heritage conservation. Such damage is related to the fact that repulsive forces arise between the salt crystals and the pore wall, generating a disjoining pressure that frequently exceeds the tensile strength of stone. In this paper, new treatments are proposed, aimed at preventing...

An experimental study of cathodic protection for chloride contaminated reinforced concrete

Cathodic protection (CP) is being increasingly used on reinforced concrete structures to protect steel reinforcing bars from corrosion in aggressive conditions. Due to the complexity of environmental conditions, the design specifications in national and international standards are still open to discussion to achieve both sufficient and efficient protection for reinforced concrete...

Effect of ageing on the morphology and creep and recovery of polymer-modified bitumens

Polymer additives are used to improve the properties of road bitumens including their oxidative resistance. However, their usage as anti-oxidative materials remains relatively unclear. This study aims to investigate the changes in the morphology and the rheological response of polymer modified bitumens used in road pavement construction caused by ageing. An elastomer (radial...

Active control of properties of concrete: a (p)review

Concrete properties to a large extent depend on mix design and processing, currently leaving only limited options to actively modify concrete properties during or after casting. This paper gives a (p)review on a more advanced active control of properties of concrete, based on the application of external signals to trigger an intended response in the material, either in fresh or...

Bamboo reinforced concrete: a critical review

The use of small diameter whole-culm (bars) and/or split bamboo (a.k.a. splints or round strips) has often been proposed as an alternative to relatively expensive reinforcing steel in reinforced concrete. The motivation for such replacement is typically cost—bamboo is readily available in many tropical and sub-tropical locations, whereas steel reinforcement is relatively more...

Performance of single skin masonry walls subjected to hydraulic loading

Property owners are facing increasing threats from flooding and in response are likely to turn to products designed to waterproof or ‘seal’ the outside of the building in an effort to prevent the ingress of flood water. However, very limited research has been conducted on the effect of this sealing action and the consequent hydraulic load acting upon the structure of the building...

Design considerations of high RAP-content asphalt produced at reduced temperatures

In many countries recycling of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) for road surface layers is limited to a maximum of 10–30%. This is due to technical limitation of common asphalt plant but also to specifications that are still restrictive when it comes to increasing RAP in surface courses. The mistrust in this practice is mainly related to uncertainty in performance of these mixes...

Permeability testing of radiation shielding concrete manufactured at industrial scale

The effect of the composition of industrial concrete designed for radiation shielding structures on the air permeability and the diffusion of moisture was studied. The mix design for heavyweight concrete of bulk density 3168–3317 kg/m3 was developed using barite and magnetite aggregate and cements blended with fly ash and blastfurnace slag. Structural elements, like columns of a...

Evaluation of corrosion level of naturally corroded bars using different cleaning methods, computed tomography, and 3D optical scanning

Reliable methods are necessary to assess the corrosion level to establish links between structural performance and reinforcement corrosion in concrete structures. Hence, in this study, a set of naturally corroded bars were subjected to metallic brushing, acid immersion, and sandblasting for rust removal. Additionally, 3D optical, CT scanning, and weight loss measurements were...

Continuous expansion measurement in accelerated concrete prism testing for verifying ASR-expansion models

The susceptibility of concrete structures due to alkali–silica reaction (ASR) can be assessed by means of ASR concrete prism testing at 60 °C, according to RILEM AAR 4.1. There, expansion of concrete prisms indicates alkali-reactivity of the examined concrete mix. This work applies in situ expansion measurement to accelerated concrete prism testing. Automated measuring...

A simplified model for the combined wicking and evaporation of a NaCl solution in limestone

Salt weathering is one of the major causes of the damage both in cultural heritage as well as in civil engineering constructions. A special case develops when there is a continuous wicking of a salt solution into a material in combination with evaporation of the moisture at its surface. In this study we are interested in the case where the absorption rate is much higher than the...

Towards a more effective and reliable salt crystallization test for porous building materials: state of the art

The durability of building materials with respect to salt crystallization is commonly determined by accelerated weathering tests, carried out in the laboratory. An effective laboratory weathering test should assess the durability and, in the case of conservation of historic buildings, the compatibility of repair materials with those existing. Besides, the test should provide...

Effect of capsule addition and healing temperature on the self-healing potential of asphalt mixtures

This paper presents the self-healing results of asphalt mixtures by the action of capsules containing sunflower oil as encapsulated rejuvenator. Three different capsule contents, 0.10, 0.25 and 0.50% by total weight of the mixture, were added to the samples. The mechanical and thermal properties of capsules have been evaluated. In addition, the effect of the capsule addition and...

Mechanical performance of statically loaded flat face epoxy bonded concrete joints

One of the main challenges in the offshore renewable energy industry is the reduction in the levelised cost of energy of wind, wave and tidal devices. The use of concrete as the primary construction material in such devices presents a low unit cost, high marine durability alternative to steel, however, to maximise material efficiency factors such as mix constituent design...

Introducing a new specimen shape to assess the fatigue performance of asphalt mastic by dynamic shear rheometer testing

Early failure of asphalt pavements is a common issue all around the world. Damages are caused by various reasons like insufficient binder or aggregate quality, an inadequate mix design or improper handling in the production/construction process. The effects of binder, aggregates and mix design have been widely studied and state-of-the-art testing methods are available for both...

FTIR spectral analysis of bituminous binders: reproducibility and impact of ageing temperature

This RILEM round robin study with nine participating laboratories investigated bitumen ageing, its effect on chemical properties and its reproducibility. The impact of temperature used for short-term (RTFOT) binder ageing on the combined short- and long-term (PAV) aged samples was investigated; thereby the effect of reduced mixing temperature such as those relevant for warm mix...

Influence of moisture condition on chloride diffusion in partially saturated ordinary Portland cement mortar

Experiments have been carried out to study the influence of moisture condition, including moisture content and its distribution, on the chloride diffusion in partially saturated ordinary Portland cement mortar. The mortar samples with water-to-cement (w/c) ratios of 0.4, 0.5 and 0.6, cured for 1 year, were preconditioned to uniform water saturations ranging from 18 to 100%. The...