International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

http://link.springer.com/journal/11096

List of Papers (Total 208)

Change in prescription pattern as a potential marker for adverse drug reactions of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors

Background Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) are among the most frequently prescribed groups of medications. ACEI-induced adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are the main reason to discontinue or switch ACEI treatment. ADRs information is not available in prescription databases. Objective To identify a proxy for ACEI-induced ADRs in prescription databases. Setting The...

The role of the pharmacist in the selection and use of over-the-counter proton-pump inhibitors

Background Heartburn and other symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux occur in ~30 % of survey respondents in multiple countries worldwide. Heartburn and acid regurgitation are common complaints in the pharmacy, where patients frequently seek relief through medication and advice. The growing number of proton-pump inhibitors available in the over-the-counter setting provides an...

Development and evaluation of a pocket card to support prescribing by junior doctors in an English hospital

Background Junior doctors do most inpatient prescribing, with a relatively high error rate, and locally had reported finding prescribing very stressful. Objective To develop an intervention to improve Foundation Year 1 (FY1) doctors’ experience of prescribing, and evaluate their satisfaction with the intervention and perceptions of its impact. Methods Based on findings of a focus...

Medication use during end-of-life care in a palliative care centre

Background In end-of-life care, symptoms of discomfort are mainly managed by drug therapy, the guidelines for which are mainly based on expert opinions. A few papers have inventoried drug prescriptions in palliative care settings, but none has reported the frequency of use in combination with doses and route of administration. Objective To describe doses and routes of...

Inhibition of cough reflex sensitivity by diphenhydramine during acute viral respiratory tract infection

Background: Currently available over-the-counter cough remedies historically have been criticized for lack of scientific evidence supporting their efficacy. Although the first-generation antihistamine diphenhydramine is classified as an antitussive by the United States Food and Drug Administration, to the authors’ knowledge it has never been shown to inhibit cough reflex...

Chronopharmacokinetics of once daily dosed aminoglycosides in hospitalized infectious patients

Background hospitalized patients with serious infections treated with aminoglycosides are at risk of developing nephrotoxicity. Previous clinical studies have shown that the pharmacokinetics of aminoglycosides in humans follow a circadian rhythm. Therefore, the time of administration could have important clinical implications with respect to the risk of developing aminoglycoside...

Exploring the opinions and experiences of patients with generic substitution: a representative study of Polish society

Background Generics have the potential to contain drug therapy costs; successful implementation of generic substitution policy largely depends on consumers’ willingness to choose generics. Objective This study aims to analyse the opinions, experiences and preferences of Polish patients towards generic medicines. Setting The study was performed in Poland. Method The survey was...

Out-of-range INR values and outcomes among new warfarin patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation

Background Although efficacious in stroke prevention in non-valvular atrial fibrillation, many warfarin patients are sub-optimally managed. Objective To evaluate the association of international normalized ratio control and clinical outcomes among new warfarin patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Setting Adult non-valvular atrial fibrillation patients (≥18 years...

Patient involvement in medication safety in hospital: an exploratory study

Background Medication errors are common in hospital inpatients. While many interventions have been proposed to address these problems, few have been shown to have significant benefits. A complementary approach is to facilitate greater involvement of patients with their inpatient medication. However, there is relatively little research in this area and it is not known which...

Attitudes towards conscientious objection among community pharmacists in Poland

Background The European Council Resolution 1763 (2010), “The right to conscientious objection in lawful medical care”, provoked a discussion among Polish pharmacists on the necessity for granting them the right to refuse to dispense medicinal products which invoke conscientious objection. Objective To explore attitudes of Polish pharmacists towards the conscience clause. Setting...

Weaning from intravenous prostanoids and normalization of hemodynamics by long-term imatinib therapy in severe idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension

Introduction Despite new treatment options targeted at its three main pathogenic pathways, prognosis of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension has remained dismal, with 3-year survival rates around 70 %. Antiproliferative agents have emerged as a new therapeutic concept. However, they may exert their effects only after a prolonged period of time. Case description Herein we...

A method for calculating adherence to polypharmacy from dispensing data records

Background Several measures for calculating adherence to one medication from dispensing data records have been proposed, but the nomenclature is inconsistent and computations vary. The same measures, like the medication possession ratio (MPR), have been used for multiple medication regimens, and have tended to over- or under-estimate adherence rates. Objective To demonstrate the...

Adherence: the journey of medication taking, are we there yet?

Patient adherence to medications has been an issue challenging healthcare professionals for decades. Adherence rates, causes of non-adherence, barriers and enablers to medication taking, interventions to promote adherence, and the impact of non-adherence on health outcomes, have been extensively studied. In light of this, the area of adherence research has progressed conceptually...

Adherence to inhaled corticosteroids by asthmatic patients: measurement and modelling

Background Poor adherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) is known as the main cause for therapeutic failure in asthma treatment and associated morbidity. To improve adherence, targetted and effective interventions need to be developed ideally based on using longitudinal follow-up of a large study cohort to establish patterns and influences on adherence. Objective To develop an...

Disease acceptance and adherence to imatinib in Taiwanese chronic myeloid leukaemia outpatients

Background The launch of imatinib has turned chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) into a chronic illness due to the dramatic improvement in survival. Several recent studies have demonstrated that poor adherence to imatinib may hamper the therapeutic outcomes and result in increased medical expenditures, whilst research on exploring the reasons for non-adherence to imatinib is still...