International Journal of Genomics

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijg/

List of Papers (Total 1,308)

Why Chloroplasts and Mitochondria Contain Genomes

Chloroplasts and mitochondria originated as bacterial symbionts. The larger, host cells acquired genetic information from their prokaryotic guests by lateral gene transfer. The prokaryotically-derived genes of the eukaryotic cell nucleus now function to encode the great majority of chloroplast and mitochondrial proteins, as well as many proteins of the nucleus and cytosol. Genes...

MaizeDB – A Functional Genomics Perspective

MaizeDB (http://www.agron.missouri.edu/) has existed since the early 90’s as a genomespecific database that is grounded in genetic maps, their documentation and annotation. The database management system is robust and has continuously been Sybase. In this brief review we provide an introduction to the database as a functional genomics tool and new accesses to the data: 1) probe...

Association of Polymorphisms in the Human IL4 and IL5 Genes with Atopic Bronchial Asthma and Severity of the Disease

Two polymorphisms in the IL4 (G/C 3′-UTR) and IL5 (C-703T) genes were studied in a sample of families whose probands had atopic bronchial asthma (BA) (66 families, n = 183) and in a group of non-cognate individuals with the severe form of the disease (n = 34). The samples were collected from the Russian population in the city of Tomsk (Russia). Using the transmission...

Investigation Into the use of C- and N-terminal GFP Fusion Proteins for Subcellular Localization Studies Using Reverse Transfection Microarrays

Reverse transfection microarrays were described recently as a high throughput method for studying gene function. We have investigated the use of this technology for determining the subcellular localization of proteins. Genes encoding 16 proteins with a variety of functions were placed in Gateway expression constructs with 3′ or 5′ green fluorescent protein (GFP) tags. These were...

Ontology-Based Interactive Information Extraction From Scientific Abstracts

Over recent years, there has been a growing interest in extracting information automatically or semi-automatically from the scientific literature. This paper describes a novel ontology-based interactive information extraction (OBIIE) framework and a specific OBIIE system. We describe how this system enables life scientists to make ad hoc queries similar to using a standard search...

Transcriptome Sequencing Reveals Regulatory Mechanisms of Taxol Synthesis in Taxus wallichiana var. Mairei

Taxol is one of the most potent and effective anticancer drugs and is originally isolated from Taxus species. To investigate the specific regulatory mechanisms of taxol synthesis in Taxus wallichiana var. mairei, RNA-seq was conducted to reveal the differences in transcriptional levels between wild type (WT) and “Jinxishan” (JXS), a cultivar selected from a population of Taxus...

Complete Genome Sequence of Photobacterium damselae Subsp. damselae Strain SSPD1601 Isolated from Deep-Sea Cage-Cultured Sebastes schlegelii with Septic Skin Ulcer

Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae (PDD) is a Gram-negative bacterium that can infect a variety of aquatic organisms and humans. Based on an epidemiological investigation conducted over the past 3 years, PDD is one of the most important pathogens causing septic skin ulcer in deep-sea cage-cultured Sebastes schlegelii in the Huang-Bohai Sea area and present throughout the...

MaizeDB – A Functional Genomics Perspective

MaizeDB (http://www.agron.missouri.edu/) has existed since the early 90’s as a genomespecific database that is grounded in genetic maps, their documentation and annotation. The database management system is robust and has continuously been Sybase. In this brief review we provide an introduction to the database as a functional genomics tool and new accesses to the data: 1) probe...

In This Issue

Multiple Regression Analysis Reveals MicroRNA Regulatory Networks in Oryza sativa under Drought Stress

Drought is a major abiotic stress that reduces rice development and yield. miRNAs (microRNAs) are known to mediate posttranscriptional regulation under drought stress. Although the importance of individual miRNAs has been established, the crosstalks between miRNAs and mRNAs remain unearthed. Here we performed microarray analysis of miRNAs and matched mRNA expression profiles of...

Comparative Genomics of the First and Complete Genome of “Actinobacillus porcitonsillarum” Supports the Novel Species Hypothesis

“Actinobacillus porcitonsillarum” is considered a nonpathogenic member of the Pasteurellaceae family, which phenotypically resembles the pathogen Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. Previous studies suggested that “A. porcitonsillarum” may represent a new species closely related to Actinobacillus minor, yet no full genome has been sequenced so far. We implemented the Oxford Nanopore...

The Maize Corngrass1 miRNA-Regulated Developmental Alterations Are Restored by a Bacterial ADP-Glucose Pyrophosphorylase in Transgenic Tobacco

Crop-based bioethanol has raised concerns about competition with food and feed supplies, and technologies for second- and third-generation biofuels are still under development. Alternative feedstocks could fill this gap if they can be converted to biofuels using current sugar- or starch-to-ethanol technologies. The aim of this study was to enhance carbohydrate accumulation in...

Proteome Profiling—Pitfalls and Progress

In this review we examine the current state of analytical methods in proteomics. The conventional methodology using two-dimensional electrophoresis gels and mass spectrometry is discussed, with particular reference to the advantages and shortcomings thereof. Two recently published methods which offer an alternative approach are presented and discussed, with emphasis on how they...

Danio rerio, the Zebrafish

The zebrafish has long been a favourite model for the study of vertebrate development. Here we provide an overview of the current state of knowledge and resources for the study of this fish, with comments on the future direction of zebrafish genomics from Professor Mark Fishman and Dr Stephen Wilson.

Comparison of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Genomes Reveals Frequent Deletions in a 20 kb Variable Region in Clinical Isolates

The Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex is associated with a remarkably low level of structural gene polymorphism. As part of a search for alternative forms of genetic variation that may act as a source of biological diversity in M. tuberculosis, we have identified a region of the genome that is highly variable amongst a panel of unrelated clinical isolates. Fifteen of 24 isolates...

InterPro (The Integrated Resource of Protein Domains and Functional Sites)

The family and motif databases, PROSITE, PRINTS, Pfam and ProDom, have been integrated into a powerful resource for protein secondary annotation. As of June 2000, InterPro had processed 384 572 proteins in SWISS-PROT and TrEMBL. Because the contributing databases have different clustering principles and scoring sensitivities, the combined assignments compliment each other for...

Many Genbank Entries for Complete Microbial Genomes Violate the Genbank Standard

A survey of Genbank entries for complete microbial genomes reveals that the majority do not conform to the Genbank standard. Typical deviations from the Genbank standard include records with information in incorrect fields, addition of extraneous and confusing information within a field, and omission of useful fields. This situation results from two principal causes: genome...

Small Sample Issues for Microarray-Based Classification

In order to study the molecular biological differences between normal and diseased tissues, it is desirable to perform classification among diseases and stages of disease using microarray-based gene-expression values. Owing to the limited number of microarrays typically used in these studies, serious issues arise with respect to the design, performance and analysis of classifiers...