Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica

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List of Papers (Total 1,687)

Resolução Anafórica e Foco do Discurso: O Caso do Pronome Demonstrativo Francês "Híbrido

In the tradition of centering theory, many studies have shown a significant sensitivity of anaphoric pronouns to refer to focus entities in a discourse representation. This sensitivity would be absent with more explicit expressions like the repeated nouns. According to the principles of this theory, we present an experiment aiming at studying the function of the referential...

Sobre o debate freqüentista versus probabilista: "sorte de tolo

A debate between Kahneman and Tversky and their associates, on the one hand, and Gigerenzer and his associates and Cosmides and her associates, on the other hand, has been fought in the area of reasoning about conditional probabilities. Kahneman and Tversky proposed that people typically represent information in terms of individual exemplars, and thus people make judgments using...

Programa "PERCEP

A computer program - "PERCEP" - was developed for accomplishing the experimental procedures of verbal estimation, time production and reproduction in human beings. Besides the collection of data, the program allows the researcher to manipulate different parameters of tasks and to evaluate the impact of those manipulations on acquisition and performance. Once the configuration of...

Usos do glossário do risco em revistas: contrastando "tempo

This paper is a contribution to the understanding of risk-talk in the media from a theoretical perspective of discursive Social Psychology. Two complementary strategies were used: diachronic analysis of a sample of a magazine of general interest (210 issues of Veja) and synchronic analysis of magazines directed to various types of people (101 magazines). For Veja, the analysis...

The psychological synthesis evaluated by the interactive model

The purpose of this article was to elaborate a model to evaluate the synthesis process resulting from the interaction which is established between opposing constructs, like gender schemas. In social psychology, the existence of opposites is possible to be detecting in contemporary theories, such as individualism versus collectivism and masculinity versus femininity. In all these...

Análisis bibliométrico de las revistas multidisciplinares de psicología recientemente incorporadas en la Web of Science (2008-2009)

It was done a bibliometric analysis of the multidisciplinary journals of psychology recently incorporated in the Web of Science (WoS) in 2008 and 2009. A total of 448 "articles" and "revisions" was analyzed, where the nationality of the authors, the index of responsibility and the contents of the works were examined. The results show that Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica is the...

Pediatricians

In Andalusia (Spain), pediatricians are the main formal counseling source about children's development and education. Unfortunately, there is a limited knowledge about their ideas, practices and skills to guide parents. In this study, through the content analysis of 26 pediatrician interviews, we describe their ideas and goals about anticipatory guidance. We also analyze their...

Attentional performance and executive functions in children with learning difficulties

Studies have described changes in visual attention and executive function in children with developmental dyslexia. This study intended to compare the performance of children with and without learning difficulties on tasks of visual attention and executive functions. The participants were 23 students, aged between 9 and 14 years old, with a mean age of 10.8 years. They were...

Rorschach Comprehensive System norms in Brazilian children from public and private schools

The objective of this study was to construct normative tables for the Rorschach Comprehensive System for Brazilian children from public and private schools. The sample was selected using the Child Behavior Checklist and the Raven Test. The Rorschach was administered to children from 7 to 10 years old, both genders, from public schools (N=110) and private schools (N=101) in the...

Adaptation and validation of The Hope Index for Brazilian adolescents

This study aimed at adapting and validating the Staats Hope Index for Brazilian adolescents. Participants were 450 high school students aged from 14 to 18 years old being 56% females. They responded to the Staats Hope Index, Adult Dispositional Hope Scale, Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. A factor analysis extracted two factors, replicating...

Culture, cognition and language in the constitution of reading and writing practices in an adult literacy classroom

In this article we analyze a discursive interaction between a researcher and an Youth and Adult Education student intending to show the meanings and uses of reading and writing taken by him. We take as our basis for discussion the theoretical-methodological contributions from Historical-Cultural Psychology and Paulo Freire's theories, which are combined with Bakhtin's concept of...

Italian students

In various countries there are studies aimed at characterizing social representations on aging, but little is known about their relations with other representations. The present study proposes to characterize those relations through the notion of representational systems. An exploratory survey has been conducted with 151 Italian undergraduate students. They have completed...

Salud en la adolescencia: propiedades psicométricas del perfil de salud y enfermedad (CHIP-AE) en adolescentes chilenos

We evaluated the psychometric properties of the adapted version for Chile of Child Health and Illness Profile - Adolescent Edition (CHIP-AE) in a sample of 527 adolescents from public and private institutions. Internal consistency, seen as a factorial structure of the scale, and its ability to distinguish the groups were assessed. The findings confirmed the factorial structure of...

Distribution of visual attention within a cued area: evidence based on temporal order judgments

Three experiments were performed to investigate the distribution of attention across the visual field and the possibility of attentional resources to be more concentrated inside an abrupt onset frame (cue). The participants performed a temporal order judgment task of two letters presented in sequence; one letter presented inside and the other outside the frame. The results showed...

Sons and daughters

Perceptions and memories that youths may have of their parents' marital relationship were addressed by a self-report questionnaire, composed by 26 Likert scale items which were taken to constitute the "Perception of Parents as a Couple" instrument. Answers from 1,612 male and female youths produced a matrix of non-negative correlations. The sample was randomly split into...

Rorschach and the WAIS-III after one and two years of psychotherapy

This study aimed at identifying what aspects of personality are modified after one and two years of psychoanalytic psychotherapy in adults attending a free university healthcare service in São Paulo, Brazil. The instruments were the Rorschach and the WAIS-III tests which were administered before and after one and two years of treatment. The participants were 34 adult individuals...

Vygotsky and the Theories of Emotions: in search of a possible dialogue

The purpose of this article is to articulate Vygotsky's theoretical conceptualizations on Historical-Cultural Psychology with studies on emotions. The text emphasizes Vygotsky's theories on the development of higher psychological processes and mediation of signs in its constitution. We propose a way of understanding emotions based on the historical-cultural approach, starting...