Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica

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List of Papers (Total 1,670)

Evaluation of the Brazilian Family Grant Program: a quasi-experimental study in the State of Rio de Janeiro

This study aimed to evaluate a program of income distribution in Brazil (Family Grant Program, FGP) using a quasi experiment in shantytowns in the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro. Questionnaires, which contained questions regarding the three main axes of the program, were personally administered to 281 program participants and 249 non-participants (control group) in either...

Oldenburg Burnout Inventory - student version: cultural adaptation and validation into Portuguese

The Oldenburg Burnout Inventory for college students (OLBI-S) was adapted to Brazilian Portuguese and its reliability and validity were measured in a sample of both Brazilian (n=958) and Portuguese (n=602) college students. The confirmatory factor analysis of the OLBI-S showed good fit but two items were removed since they lacked individual reliability (λ<.50). The new structure...

Longitudinal assessment of illness perceptions in young adults with cancer

The purpose of this study was to assess longitudinally the illness perception in young adults with cancer. Participants were 50 patients who answered socio-demographic and clinical data questionnaires and the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (Brief IPQ). Longitudinal results revealed no significant changes in illness perceptions over one-year period. However, perceptions...

Tradução e adaptação para o português do Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function - BRIEF

The aim of this study was to translate and adapt the BRIEF into Portuguese. The process of translation and adaptation followed the steps recommended in the international literature. Besides that, an initial analysis of psychometric properties was performed. The final version was administered in a sample of 277 parents, 282 teachers of children between 5 and 11 years old, and 112...

Impacto de un programa de psicología positiva en sintomatologia depresiva y satisfaccion vital en adultos mayores

This research examines the effectiveness of workshops based on positive psychology for the elderly by analyzing pre-post changes in levels of life satisfaction and depressive symptomatology. Three groups were formed: the first, a quasi-experimental group based on positive psychology; the second, a quasi-active control group based on recreational activities; and the third, a quasi...

Effects of selection tasks on naming emergence in children

The aim of the present work - which was divided into two studies - was to investigate if, from teaching selection tasks, naming responses would be emitted without direct teaching. Nine children aged between 7 and 12 participated in the study. In each study, 12 abstract pictures and 12 pseudo words were utilized. The procedures were comprised of six sessions that encompassed...

Memories and prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder in intensive care units

The present study evaluated the prevalence of PTSD indicators in patients who had to be hospitalized in ICU six months after being discharged and examined the relationship between PTSD and mnemonic memories. Participants were 41 adult patients with different diseases who answered questionnaires about PTSD, memory and clinical information. It was identified that 24.4% of the...

Validity and reliability of the Inductive Reasoning Test for Children - IRTC

This study aimed to search for validity and reliability evidences for 'A and B Forms' of the Inductive Reasoning Test for Children - IRTC. A total of 417 students, both sexes, from 1st to 5th grade, between 6 and 11 years old participated of the study. 'A Form' was administered to 219 children and 'B Form' to 198. The investigation of the internal structure of both forms...

Health-related quality of life in portuguese children and adolescents

The KIDSCREEN is a European cross-cultural and standardized instrument that assesses ten quality of life dimensions in children, adolescents and their parents. This instrument is used to validate evidences to support general inferences on quality-of-life measures obtained by the Portuguese version of KIDSCREEN10 for children and adolescents, in the context of a survey research...

Caretaking behavior among siblings in children's shelters

This study analyzed 742 events involving caretaking behavior among sheltered children with or without siblings in the same institution. Statistical tests were used for intergroup evaluation in comparison to focal subjects. Children with siblings showed a greater number of those behaviors and they were primarily directed to non-sibling peers (roommates) or adults (caretakers). The...

El desarrollo de la inferencia analógica en niños que viven en sectores urbanos pobres

The development of analogical inference is described through the study of 405 children aged 3, 4 and 5 years old, living in poor urban neighborhoods in two Colombian cities - Cali (204) and Santa Marta (201). In order to accomplish the objective, children were asked to individually solve an inference problem based on analogical relations. Independently of their age, children were...

Maternal depression, behavioral profile and school performance in school-age children

The aim of this study was to compare behavioral profile and school performance of school-age children living with a mother who presents clinical history of recurrent depression, diagnosed according to CID-10 criteria in order to verify the influences of such adversity. Thirty-eight mother-child dyads were evaluated using tests, interviews and questionnaires. Approximately two...

Cognitive style and learning strategies as factors which affect academic achievement of brazilian university students

In the present study, the influence of the cognitive style called field dependence-independence on academic achievement of Brazilian university students was explored as well as the mediating effect of learning strategies on that influence. Learning strategies of 313 first-year university students (189 women and 124 men; M age = 20.86, SD = 3.86) from different fields, with upper...

Cognition in elderly people: study of the Short Form 8 (SF8) of the Wechsler-III Scale

Using psychometrical instruments adequate for the elderly cognitive evaluation is crucial. The Short Form (SF8) of the WAIS-III has been recommended for such purpose. This study aimed at characterizing cognition in the elderly using the SF8. A hundred ninety two individuals, aged 60 or older, were divided into case and control groups (G1 and G2). Women were the majority (75...

Externalizing and internalizing problems: contributions of attachment and parental practices

The relation between attachment and parental practices with externalizing (aggression and delinquency) and internalizing (social withdrawal and anxiety/depression) behavioral problems were investigated in this study. Participants were 289 children (from 9 to 12 years old) and 205 caregivers who answered distinct questionnaires: the formers on attachment and the later on parental...

Narrative and dialogical reflexivity: an approach between writing and inner speech

This study investigated the presence of dialogical reflexivity indicators in compositions (written texts) and established possible links between those indicators and narrative structures. A group of 23 children, between eight and ten years old, wrote two compositions on the themes "Tell your story" and "How do I talk to myself?". The results suggest that the dialogicality of...

Inter-item associations for the Brazilian version of the Deese/Roediger-McDermott paradigm

The emotional content of words can affect both true and false memory performance. One hypothesis suggests that the effects of emotion on memory stem from the semantic cohesion of these words. Emotional words are better remembered because they are more inter-related than neutral words (semantic cohesion hypothesis). Although support for this assumption has been found in tasks that...

Development and validation of a questionnaire to evaluate overt aggression and reactions to peer aggression

This study presents the psychometric properties of the Peer Aggressive and Reactive Behaviors Questionnaire (PARB-Q), a self-report questionnaire to measure child overt aggression (PA) and reaction to peer aggression (RPA). Participants were 587 Italian elementary school children, aged 7-10 years (51.5% female). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses presented a one-factor...

Validity study of the Beck Anxiety Inventory (Portuguese version) by the Rasch Rating Scale model

Our objective was to conduct a validation study of the Portuguese version of the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) by means of the Rasch Rating Scale Model, and then compare it with the most used scales of anxiety in Portugal. The sample consisted of 1,160 adults (427 men and 733 women), aged 18-82 years old (M=33.39; SD=11.85). Instruments were Beck Anxiety Inventory, State-Trait...

Diseño y propiedades psicométricas de un cuestionario de opinión sobre la atención a la diversidad (CUADIVER)

This article shows the process taken to design and identify the psychometric properties of a questionnaire (CUADIVER) developed from a mixed methodology to evaluate the situation of the attention given to diversity in primary education centers. In the first phase of the qualitative research the focal group shows us in its speech (Aquad 5.0) the predominance of unfavorable aspects...

Early neurobehavioral development of preterm infants

The aim of the present study was to assess the very early neurobehavioral development of preterm infants and to examine differences regarding sex. Two-hundred and two preterm infants were assessed by the Neurobehavioral Assessment of the Preterm Infant (NAPI), which was carried out at 32-37 weeks post-conceptional age in the hospital setting. The infants' performance was compared...

Envolvimento paterno durante o nascimento dos filhos: pai "real

The father is a major figure on mother's support network during childbirth transition. This study aims to report father's participation and support during the pregnancy and the birth of their children, according to the point of view of 45 pregnant women and 42 women with six-month-old children. Data was collected through the administration of a family questionnaire and a semi...

Relationship between neuropsychological and clinical aspects and suicide attempts in euthymic bipolar patients

Some studies have investigated the possible relationship between suicide attempts and impulsivity in patients with bipolar disorder. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between neuro-psychological and clinical aspects and suicide behavior in euthymic bipolar patients. The Iowa Gambling Task and the Conner's Continuous Performance Test evaluated impulsivity...

Escala de bienestar de Ryff: análisis comparativo de los modelos teóricos en distintos grupos de edad

The scale of psychological well-being arises from the multidimensional model proposed by Ryff (1989). Despite its wide use, its initial theoretical structure has not been completely confirmed because other factorial solutions which are different from those 6 dimensions proposed by the author have been found. These differences may be related to the type of sample and population...

Stressful events in autobiographical memory processing: Brazilian version of the centrality of event scale

A stressful or traumatic event may become a central reference point in the organization of long-term memory, influencing the meaning of other experiences. The Centrality of Event Scale (CES) is an instrument in which participants recall the most traumatic event of their life and endorse 20 items. The CES was translated, adapted and validated for the Brazilian context in a sample...