Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica

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List of Papers (Total 1,670)

Confirmatory factor analysis and temporal invariance of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)

This paper analyzes the structure and the temporal invariance of the Portuguese version of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. Previous studies are not consensual whether PANAS measures two or three affect factors and whether such factors are independent or correlated. In order to fill in this gap, we compared the original PANAS, as an independent bi-dimensional structure...

Confirmatory factor analysis and temporal invariance of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)

This paper analyzes the structure and the temporal invariance of the Portuguese version of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. Previous studies are not consensual whether PANAS measures two or three affect factors and whether such factors are independent or correlated. In order to fill in this gap, we compared the original PANAS, as an independent bi-dimensional structure...

From authentic happiness to well-being: the flourishing of Positive Psychology

The present study aims to present paradigm shifts from the authentic happiness theory (2002) to the well-being theory (2011), both developed in Positive Psychology by Martin Seligman. The well-being theory adds fulfillment and interpersonal relationships to the elements already included in the first theory (positive emotions, engagement and meaning), highlighting that well-being...

Interference of Dynamic Visual Noise on encoding visual information in working memory

We aimed to compare the effects of the Dynamic Visual Noise (DVN) on visual memory when presented at different times in an item recognition task either during information encoding, retention interval or throughout the trial. Noise had general effect on participants' performance with stronger impairment on stimuli encoding. The data suggest that visual memory is accessed through...

Effect of aging, education, reading and writing, semantic processing and depression symptoms on verbal fluency

Verbal fluency tasks are widely used in (clinical) neuropsychology to evaluate components of executive functioning and lexical-semantic processing (linguistic and semantic memory). Performance in those tasks may be affected by several variables, such as age, education and diseases. This study investigated whether aging, education, reading and writing frequency, performance in...

Idosos em instituições de longa permanência: desenvolvimento, condições de vida e saúde

The objective of this study was to conduct an integrative review of the scientific literature about the factors that lead elderly people to transfer from their home environment to long-term care institutions for the elderly (ILPI - in Portuguese) as well as their living conditions and health. For that purpose, 14 articles in SciELO and LILACS (2001-2011) were retrieved. The...

Tarefas de desenvolvimento e história de vida de idosos: análise da perspectiva de Havighurst

In order to analyze the developmental tasks proposed by Havighurst, 12 elderly people were submitted to the life history method. They told their stories in group interviews and reported them in written texts. Early childhood was disregarded because autobiographical memories of that phase are limited. A thematic content analysis of the verbalizations and texts revealed that only...

Vinculação no contexto familiar: relações entre cônjuges, entre pais e filhos adolescentes e entre irmãos

In order to explore the relationships between attachment styles of family members and the association of those with dimensions of attachment in adolescence, two studies have been made. The first study aimed the psychometric validation of an evaluation sub-scale of siblings relationship added to the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA) that demonstrated acceptable...

Influência da condição de emprego/desemprego dos pais na exploração e indecisão vocacional dos adolescentes

This study focuses on the impact of parents' employment/unemployment condition on the beliefs, behaviors and reactions of career exploration and indecision of adolescents. Career Exploration Survey and Career Decision Scale were administered to a sample of 321 Portuguese adolescents of both sexes (190 women - 59.2% and 131 men - 40.8%) aged between 13 and 17 years. The results...

Apego aos pais, relações românticas, estilo de vida, saúde física e mental em universitários

This study focused on the understanding of the relationship among attachment to parents, characteristics of romantic relationships, physical symptoms, lifestyle and psychological morbidity in 250 university students, aged between 17 and 29 years (M=20.88; SD=2.03), who answered self-report questionnaires. We concluded that attachment to parents for young adults is related to...

Rede social de apoio de mães com deficiência intelectual

This study characterized the support network offered to mothers with intellectual disability and analyzed the views of people who provide them support. Five mothers with intellectual disability and eight sources of support participated in the study. An interview about social support was conducted with the mothers and another interview about the support provided was conducted with...

O uso do computador como estratégia educacional: relações com a motivação e aprendizado de alunos do ensino fundamental

Relations between the use of computers, motivation and performance of elementary school students in mathematics contents had been analyzed. It was used a quasi-experimental design with an experimental group and two control groups. In the daily pre-test, the knowledge of mathematics contents and the motivation to go to school were evaluated. The experimental group (EG) projected...

Interference of Dynamic Visual Noise on encoding visual information in working memory

We aimed to compare the effects of the Dynamic Visual Noise (DVN) on visual memory when presented at different times in an item recognition task either during information encoding, retention interval or throughout the trial. Noise had general effect on participants' performance with stronger impairment on stimuli encoding. The data suggest that visual memory is accessed through...

Diferenças entre o desenvolvimento da morfologia derivacional e flexional no português brasileiro no ensino fundamental

Several studies have demonstrated that morphological awareness is related to reading and writing acquisition. However, there are different types of morphemes. The present study explores differences in derivational and flexional awareness development in Brazilian Portuguese. The sample in this study was constituted of 134 children from 1st to 4th grades of primary education who...

Explorando a trajetória espácio-temporal da representação dinâmica de projéteis

When human observers are shown a horizontally moving target which suddenly disappears and they are further instructed to locate its vanishing position, both forward in the direction of motion (M Displacement) and downward in the direction of gravity (O Displacement), errors of localization typically occur. Though several determinants of those errors have been ascertained, little...

Leitura compartilhada em um hospital pediátrico: análise do comportamento verbal dos contadores

Verbal actions of twelve volunteer storytellers at a children's hospital were observed during 72 episodes of interaction and shared reading with patients. Functional analyses yielded 30 behavioral categories. Inter-rater agreement for three raters was 84.2%. Categories which describe specific verbal behavior in situations of shared reading were grouped into four areas: (a) Tact...

Efeitos de um programa de ensino de discriminação de categorias estruturais implícitas de histórias em crianças

Research has shown the importance of identifying story structure categories in the development of an effective storytelling repertoire. Consequently, procedures that aim at teaching the identification of those categories have been developed and tested. The purpose of the present manuscript, which encompasses two studies, was to assess the effects of a teaching procedure for story...

Processo de validação da Global Measure of Sexual Satisfaction em três amostras da população portuguesa

Sexual satisfaction is an important indicator of sexual health, however, its definition is not consensual. Lawrence and Byers (1995) developed a conceptual model of sexual satisfaction for people in committed relationships and, within this model, the authors developed the Global Measure of Sexual Satisfaction (GMSEX) which assesses global sexual satisfaction in the context of an...

Effect of aging, education, reading and writing, semantic processing and depression symptoms on verbal fluency

Verbal fluency tasks are widely used in (clinical) neuropsychology to evaluate components of executive functioning and lexical-semantic processing (linguistic and semantic memory). Performance in those tasks may be affected by several variables, such as age, education and diseases. This study investigated whether aging, education, reading and writing frequency, performance in...

Confirmatory factor analysis and temporal invariance of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)

This paper analyzes the structure and the temporal invariance of the Portuguese version of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. Previous studies are not consensual whether PANAS measures two or three affect factors and whether such factors are independent or correlated. In order to fill in this gap, we compared the original PANAS, as an independent bi-dimensional structure...

From authentic happiness to well-being: the flourishing of Positive Psychology

The present study aims to present paradigm shifts from the authentic happiness theory (2002) to the well-being theory (2011), both developed in Positive Psychology by Martin Seligman. The well-being theory adds fulfillment and interpersonal relationships to the elements already included in the first theory (positive emotions, engagement and meaning), highlighting that well-being...

Um modelo explicativo para o bem-estar subjetivo: estudo com mestrandos e doutorandos no Brasil

The main objective of the current study is to map the relationships among stressors, stress, coping, and subjective well-being in Master's and PhD students in Brazil. It has also been drawn up an explanatory model of the determination of subjective well-being in the mentioned population. Participants were 2150 Master's and PhD students in Brazil, from the five regions of the...

Inteligência e criatividade na maturidade e velhice

This study aimed to compare intellectual and creative skills of middle-aged and elderly individuals. Eighty one people (61.73% from 45 to 59 years old and 38.27% over 60) participated in the survey. The tests "Intellectual Abilities for Adults" and "Thinking Creatively with Words and Pictures" were used for data collection and were individually administered. The results...

Prevalência da Síndrome de Burnout em uma amostra de professores universitários brasileiros

Professors are part of a risk group for the development of Burnout Syndrome. This study investigated the prevalence of burnout in 169 university professors in Piracicaba-SP through the Burnout Inventory (Brazilian version). The value of Cronbach's alpha was satisfactory for all dimensions of the questionnaire. The results showed that 11.2% of the professors showed Profile 1 and 3...

Escalas de Estilos Interpessoais (ESEI): construção, validade fatorial e consistência interna

This paper describes the construction and initial validation of the Interpersonal Style Inventory (ISI). Interpersonal style is a multidimensional construct defined as the way an individual look for acceptance and social status. A sample of 984 subjects with ages ranging from 18 to 63 years, 395 men and 589 women, answered the ISI. Exploratory factorial analysis revealed an eight...