Tachymenis peruviana Wiegmann, 1834 (Serpentes, Dipsadidae) in Argentina: geographic distribution and a new province record

Check List, Feb 2019

Tachymenis peruviana Wiegmann, 1834 (Serpentes, Dipsadidae) is known from Peru, Bolivia, northern Chile and northwestern Argentina.  In northwestern Argentina, the species is distributed from Jujuy to Catamarca province. In this study, we present the accurate distribution of the species in Argentina and the first records from La Rioja province, at 2000 and 3000 m a.s.l. in the Famatina region, extending the known distribution to the southwest.

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Tachymenis peruviana Wiegmann, 1834 (Serpentes, Dipsadidae) in Argentina: geographic distribution and a new province record

Check List Tachymenis peruviana Wiegmann, 1834 (Serpentes, Dipsadidae) in Argentina: geographic distribution and a new province record Gabriela A. Gallardo 0 Santiago J. Nenda Gustavo J. Scrocchi Manfrini 0 Dpto. de Cs. Ba?sicas y Tecnolo?gicas. Instituto de Ambientes de Montan?as y Regiones A?ridas. Universidad Nacional de Chilecito. Ruta Los Peregrinos s/n?- CP (5360). Chilecito, La Rioja , Argentina. 2 Divisio?n Herpetologi?a, Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales ''Bernardino Rivadavia'', Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cienti?ficas y Te?cnicas , Avenida A?ngel Gallardo 470, C1405DJR Buenos Aires, Argentina. 3 UEL-CONICET, Fundacio?n Miguel Lillo. Miguel Lillo 251- (4000). San Miguel de Tucuma?n. Tucuma?n. Argentina Tachymenis peruviana Wiegmann, 1834 (Serpentes, Dipsadidae) is known from Peru, Bolivia, northern Chile and northwestern Argentina. In northwestern Argentina, the species is distributed from Jujuy to Catamarca province. In this study, we present the accurate distribution of the species in Argentina and the first records from La Rioja province, at 2000 and 3000 m a.s.l. in the Famatina region, extending the known distribution to the southwest. eol>Highlands; snakes; Tachymenini Introduction Species of the genus Tachymenis are small to moderate-sized snakes, distributed from Peru to southern Argentina and Chile. The genus is represented in Argentina by 2 taxa: Tachymenis chilensis chilensis, known to inhabit southern Chile and the Argentine provinces of Neuqu?n, R?o Negro, and Chubut (Scrocchi et al. 2010, Giraudo et al. 2012a, b, Nenda et al. 2017) , and Tachymenis peruviana, which was known until now in Peru, Bolivia, northern Chile, and the northwestern Argentine provinces of Jujuy, Salta, Tucum?n and Catamarca (Cei 1993, Giraudo and Scrocchi 2002, Scrocchi et al. 2006, Giraudo et al. 2012a) . In this wide range of distribution, T. peruviana dwells from 1800 to 4400 m a.s.l. in areas with shrubs and grasslands from the biogeographic provinces of Yungas, Prepuna, Puna, and Altoandina (Aparicio 1994, Cabrera and Willink 1980, Giraudo and Scrocchi 2002) . Tachymenis peruviana is viviparous, diurnal species, frequently found near rivers, lagoons, small streams, where it feeds on anurans (Cei 1993, Williams and Scrocchi 1994, Scrocchi et al. 2006, Szumik et al. 2016, Demangel 2016, Cabrera et al. 2017) or in sandy or rocky areas, where it feeds on lizards. This opistoglyph snake has strong toxicity and fatalities by bites were reported for its relative T. chilensis (Scrocchi et al. 2006). The species is a generalist in habitat use and is commonly found, evaluated as ?Not threatened? in Argentina (Giraudo et al 2012b) , and Least Concern by the IUCN (2018). The detailed distribution of this species is not known in Argentina. Copyright Gallardo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Methods We revised 112 specimens of the species, which belong to the following Argentine museums: CENAI. Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Iol?gicas. Housed at Divisi?n Herpetolog?a, Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales ?Bernardino Rivadavia?, Buenos Aires, Argentina. FML. Herpetological Collection of Fundaci?n Miguel Lillo, San Miguel de Tucum?n, Argentina. IBIGEO-R. Instituto de Bio y Geociencias del NOA. CONICET-Universidad Nacional de Salta, Salta, Argentina. MACN. Herpetological Collection of Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales ?Bernardino Rivadavia?, Buenos Aires, Argentina. MCN-UNSa. Museo de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Salta. Salta. Argentina. The specimens were identified using the characters mentioned by Cei (1993) and Scrocchi et al. (2006) . We use the decimal geographic coordinates and altitudes of the collections databases, rounded to 4 decimal places. Results The revision of the specimens allowed us to present the distribution of the species in the country and also the first records from La Rioja province (Other material examined and Figures 2?4). New records. ARGENTINA. La Rioja: Departamento Chilecito: El Parr?n, 3rd Station of the cableway from Chilecito to La Mexicana mine, (?29.0804?, ?67.6425?, 2000 m a.s.l., G. A. Gallardo, 01/28/2015, 1 ex. FML 30163); found active at 18:45 h. A second specimen (Fig. 1, no voucher specimen) was seen in Departamento Famatina: Cueva de Logro?o (?28.9350?, ?67.6842?, 3000 m a.s.l. photographed by E. Luna Toledo, 04/14/2011), near an ocher mine. Both localities are on the Sistema de Famatina, an extra-andean geologic system located from 27? to 31? S in northwestern Argentina, with elevations that reaches 6000 m a.s.l. (Ramos 1999) . Rachaite (?22.8370?, ?66.0742?, J. Baldo, Y. Arzamendia, 04/10/2000, 1 ex. FML17643). 16. Casabindo (?22.9852?, ?66.0325?, without collector information 04/28/1996, 1 ex. FML17646). 17. Alfarcito (?23.3196?, ?65.9740?, J. Baldo, 04/04/2009, 1 ex. FML23553). 18. Ruta Provincial 7; 4 km al SE de Tres Arbolitos, pr?ximo a Laguna Pozuelos (?22.6226?, ?65.8233?, 3650 m a.s.l., C. Szumik, D. R?os, 05/06/2017, 1 ex. FML29948). Departamento Humahuaca: 19. Entre Aparzo y Palca de Aparzo (?23.0909?, ?65.1876?, E. Lavilla, 11/24/1979, 1 ex. FML01169). 20. Entre Aparzo y Humahuaca (?23.1114?, ?65.2336? 4300 m a.s.l., G. Scrocchi et al., 03/03/2007, 1 ex. FML18536). 21. El Aguilar, Mina Aguilar (?23.2091?, ?65.6682?, 4000 m a.s.l., E. Guanuco, 12/18/1981, 1 ex. FML01315). 22. Quebrada La Toma, El Aguilar, camino a la Repetidora (?23.1613?, ?65.5904?, 4000 m a.s.l., O. Pagaburo, 01/11/1988, 1 ex. FML01789). 23. Chaupi Rodeo, ruta a Iruya (?22.9310?, ?65.3111?, 3450 m a.s.l., O. Pagaburo, 01/20/1988, 1 ex. FML01790). 24. Quebrada Tonocote, subiendo por Chaupi Rodeo a Laguna Leandro, Chorc?n (?22.9327?, ?65.2256?, 4100?4400 m a.s.l., O. Pagaburo, 01/22/1988, 2 ex. FML01791). 25. Coctaca (?23.1227?, ?65.2867?, Casanova, Gallo, without date information, 1 ex. each, MACN 6157?6161). 26. Humahuaca (?23.2122? ?65.3512?, De Carles, without date information, 1 ex., MACN3004). 27.Tres Cruces (?22.9203?, ?65.5814?, Cia. Minera, 04/16/1971, CENAI3018 paratype of T. p. yutoensis). Departamento Ledesma: 28. Abra Colorada, Parque Nacional Calilegua (?23.6880?, ?64.9077?, M. Vaira, 02/1999, 1 ex. FML09075). Departamento Rinconada: 29. Vilama, Cuesta del Farall?n. Camino de cornisa entre el pueblo Lagunillas del Farall?n y Vilama (?22.4945?, ?66.643?, 4400 m a.s.l., M. Akmentins, J. Urquizo, 03/09/2016, 1 ex. IBIGEO-R5453) . 30. Rinconada (?22.4415?, ?66.1645?, 3800 m a.s.l., O. Pagaburo et al., 01/25/1984, 2 ex. FML01510). 31. Fundiciones, 40 km NE de Mina Pirquitas (?22.5011?, ?66.2501?, V. Abdala et al., 01/15/1989, 3 ex. FML01969). Departamento Santa B?rbara: 32. Sierra de Santa B?rbara (?24.1167?, ?64.4833?, R.F. Laurent, 01/1966, 2 ex. FML01018). 33. Cerro Centinela (?24.2784?, ?64.3780?, A. Vilte, 12/18/2011, 1 ex. FML25078). Departamento Santa Catalina: 34. Ladera NW Cerro Santa Catalina (?21.9666?, ?66.0500?, 3600 m a.s.l., O. Pagaburo et al. 01/15/1984, 1 ex. FML01509); 35. 12 km de Santa Catalina, camino a El Angosto (?22.0429?, ?66.0862?, 3900 m a.s.l., O. Pagaburo et al., 01/15/1984, 1 ex. FML 01511). 36. Cieneguillas (?22.1010?, ?65.8613?, J. Baldo, 02/02/2004, 1 ex. FML17648). Departamento Susques: 37. Susques (?23.4109?, ?66.5022?, E. Lavilla, 03/22/1980, 1 ex. FML01190). Departamento Tilcara: 38. Paraje Casa Colorada, entre Tilcara y San Francisco (?23.5778?, ?65.3329?, F.G. Burgos, 04/24/2012, 1 ex. FML25071) . Departamento Tumbaya: 39. Arroyo y Vega El Morado, Sierra Alta (?23.5387?, ?65.6151?, J. Baldo, 02/08/2001, 1 ex. FML17644). Departamento Valle Grande: 40. Cerro Calilegua (?23.5812?, ?64.7998?, J.M. G?mez, without date information, 2 ex. FML00620). 41. Abra del Valle, Santa Ana (?23.3540?, ?64.9767?, J. Baldo, Y. Arzamendia, 04/28/2001, 1 ex. FML17645). Departamento Yavi: 42. 20 km W de La Quiaca, por ruta Provincial 5 (?22.1461?, ?65.4212?, Z. Tomsic, 11/27/1974, 1 ex. FML00793). 43. Toqueros (?22.1177?, ?65.7811?, D. Bald. Entre San Bernardo de las Zorras y El Rosal, Ruta Provincial 127, 21.3 km NE de Ruta Nacional 51 (?24.4025 ?65.7768, 3300 m a.s.l., T. Hibbard et al., 04/07/2017, 1 ej. IBIGEO?R5717?5718). o, 06/05/2002, 1 ex. FML17647). 44. Yavi (?22.1334?, ?65.4611?, D. Baldo et al., 02/14/2005, 1 ex. FML17649). Salta: Departamento Cachi: 45. Quebrada Las Pailas, Cachi Adentro (?25.0148?, ?66.2573?, 3300?3500 m a.s.l., E. Pereyra, O. Pagaburo, 01/28/1985, 2 ex. FML01552). Departamento La Poma: 46. Cobres, 67 km N de San Antonio de Los Cobres (?23.6891?, ?66.2372?, G. Scrocchi, 05/04/1977, 1 ex. FML00972). Departamento Los Andes: 47. 25 km N de San Antonio de los Cobres por ruta nacional 40 (?24.0143 ?66.2378, 3500 m a.s.l., L. D?az Fern?ndez et al., 12/20/2015, 1 ex. IBIGEO-R 5462). Departamento Met?n: 48. Sierra de Met?n, orillas del R?o Vallecito (?25.4845?, ?65.0334?, E. Ter?n, O. Pagaburo, 10/16/1977, 1 ex. FML00984). Departamento Rosario de Lerma: 49. Entre San Bernardo de las Zorras y El Rosal, Ruta Provincial 127, 21.3 km NE de Ruta Nacional 51 (?24.4025 ?65.7768, 3300 m a.s.l., T. Hibbard et al., 04/07/2017, 1 ej. IBIGEO? R5717?5718). Departamento Santa Victoria: 50. Cercan?as de Ca?ani (?22.3166?, ?64.8833?, A. Brunetti, F. Burgos, 02/02/2008, 1 ex. MACN51585). Tucum?n: Departamento Chicligasta: 51. Entre Laguna del Tesoro y Cochuna (?27.2900?, ?65.9541?, 1800 m a.s.l., S. Halloy, 07/13/1974, 1 ex. FML00767). Departamento Taf? del Valle: 52. Cerro Mu?oz (?26.7217?, ?65.8080?, C.C. Olrog, 01/21/1954, 1 ex. FML00327). 53. El Molle, Sierra del Aconquija (?26.7008?, ?65.8012?, 2900 m a.s.l., R. Cei, 05/27/1967, 1 ex. FML00556). 54. El Infiernillo, camino a El Negrito (?26.7366?, ?65.7851?, 3500 m a.s.l., C. Halloy, 12/1970, 1 ex. FML00607, A. Marcus et al., 01/31/1980, 1 ex. FML01171) . 55. Puesto El Sunchal, km 41 de ruta a Taf? del Valle (?26.9956?, ?65.6629?, J. M. G?mez, 10/28/1971, 1 ex. FML00644). 56. Km 68.5 de la ruta provincial 307 (?26.8126?, ?65.7194?, R.F. Laurent, 04/12/1974, 1 ex. FML00750). 57. Ci?naga Grande, Cumbres Calchaqu?es (?26.6834?, ?65.6504?, S. Halloy, 12/29/1979, 1 ex. FML00960). 58. Ci?naga de los Caminos, Cerro Mu?oz (?26.7689?, ?65.8494?, 3850 m a.s.l., A. Marcus et al., 01/31/1980, 1 ex. FML01171) . 59. El Mollar and surroundings (?26.9485?, ?65.7154?, F.E. Fern?ndez, 01/01/1980, 1 ex. FML01259, R. Porcel, 02/14/1982, 1 ex. FML01329, O. Pagaburo, 12/10/1983, 1 ex. FML01505, M. Fern?ndez, 01/25/1981, 1 ex. FML01512, A. Nieto. 01/10/1988, 1 ex. FML01850, O. Pagaburo, 04/24/1989, 1 ex. FML01976, G. Scrocchi, J.C. Moreta, 03/21/1992, 1 ex. FML02264, E.J. Uro, 02/11/1993, 1 ex. FML02358, P. Blazquez, 02/11/2005, 1 ex. FML16178, A. Porcel, 01/15/2015, 1 ex. FML28251) . 60. Taf? del Valle and surroundings (?26.8548?, ?65.7116?, C. Canzonieri, 01/01/1987, 2 ex. FML 01669, without collector information, 01/08/1983, 1 ex. FML01740, M. Corbal?n, 03/01/1991, 1 ex. FML02124, F. Pape, 04/20/1993, 1 ex. FML02390, E. Gonz?lez, 03/11/1995, 1 ex. FML02606, J.C. Moreta, 12/04/1995, 1 ex. FML02681, without collector information, 03/06?07/1999, 1 ex. FML08274, M. Corbal?n, F. Corbal?n, 02/27/2000, 1 ex. FML09153, without collector information, 02/06/2001, 1 ex. FML09869, P. Caplonch, 02/15/2005, 1 ex. FML16138, G. Gallardo, 10/13/2005, 1 ex. FML16563, G. Gallardo, 12/07/2005, 1 ex. FML16642, P. Viejobueno, 03/31/2010, 1 ex. FML23633, P. Viejobueno, 04/19/2014, 1 ex. FML27182, S. Ferjancic, 04/20/2014, 1 ex. FML27185, R. Araoz, 11/01/2015, 1 ex. FML28966, J.P. Sosa, 04/01/2016, 1 ex. FML29226, without collector information, 04/20/2016, 1 ex. each, FML29318, and FML 29449, without collector, 05/20/2016, 1 ex. FML29319; J.M. Gallardo, 11/1960, 1 ex., MACN13773) . 61. Km 98 ruta provincial 307 (?26.6410?, ?65.8207?, L. A?n, R. Martori, 03/05/1993, 1 ex. FML02737). 62. Km 86 ruta provincial 307 (?26.7161?, ?65.7936?, G. Scrocchi, M. Harvey, 01/25/2000, 1 ex. FML08973). 63. 21.7 km al E de Amaicha del Valle, por ruta provincial 307 (?26.6809?, ?65.8127?, 2800 m a.s.l., L. Avila et al., 12/12/2001, 1 ex. FML13566). 64. El Pinar, Taf? del Valle (?26.8145?, ?65.7197?, without collector information, 03/31/2005, 1 ex. FML16380). 65. Cerca de Puesto Carpanchay, Cerro El Pichao, Sierra de Quilmes (?26.3812?, ?66.0810?, 3800 m a.s.l., C. Abdala, S. Quinteros, 11/21/2006, 1 ex. FML18064) . Departamento Taf? Viejo: 66. Mala Mala (?26.7666?, ?65.5333?, M.G. Puchulu, 08/20/2011, 1 ex. FML24346). Departamento Trancas: 67. Quebrada de las Campanas (?26.3171?, ?65.6192?, 2100 m a.s.l., O. Pagaburp, E. Ter?n, 09/25/1980, 1 ex. FML01225) . 68. 20 km de Hualinchay (?26.3662?, ?65.6612?, 3100 m a.s.l., G. Scrocchi, S. Quinteros, 12/06/2004, 1 ex. FML16131). 69. 12.2 km desde curva para subir desde Hualinchay (?26.3280?, ?65.6209?, 2500 m a.s.l., F. Lobo et al., 12/15/2001, 1 ex. MCN?UNSa733). BOLIVIA. La Paz, (without collector information, 1919, 1 ex. FML00464). CHILE. Pro. Entre San Bernardo de las Zorras y El Rosal, Ruta Provincial 127, 21.3 km NE de Ruta Nacional 51 (?24.4025?, ?65.7768?, 3300 m a.s.l., T. Hibbard et al., 04/07/2017, 1 ej. IBIGEO? R5717?5718). Provincia de Atacama: Afueras del Parque Nacional Llanos de Challe (?28.1523?, ?71.0297, without collector or date information, 1 ex. MACN40056). PER?. Huamahuaco, (W. Weyrauch, without date information, 1 ex. FML01132). Departamento Puno: Sillustani, (E. Lavilla, 10/06/1983, 1 ex. FML 01491). Discussion The locality El Parr?n, where the specimen FML30163 was found, is approximately 190 km SW from the nearest previously known locality (Cerro El Manchao, Catamarca, marked in the map in Scrocchi et al. 2006) . Also, El Parr?n and Cueva de Logro?o in Famatina area are the southernmost records of the distribution of Tachymenis peruviana. The highlands in NW Argentina, especially the regions of highest altitude, which include most of the distributional area of Tachymenis peruviana in the country, have problems regarding protection and conservation, such as soil erosion, mining, sports with off?road vehicles, infrastructure works such as gas pipelines and high-voltage lines ( Gonz?lez 2005 ). Therefore, although it is considered a non-threatened species in the country (Giraudo et al. 2012b) , it is important to analyze periodically the situation of its populations. We also revised other type material of Tachymenis peruviana yutoensis, considered junior synonym of Tachymenis peruviana ( Ter?n 1988 , Wallach et al. 2014), in addition to those mentioned in ?Other material...? section. The holotype (CENAI2632) is labeled ?Yuto, Departamento Ledesma, Jujuy? (?23.6469?, ?64.4732?), a locality of low plains (350?400 m a.s.l.), with forests and warm climate, which according to the known ecological requirements for T. peruviana, would be unsuitable for the species. The paratypes (CENAI2633-2634) come from ?Santa B?rbara?, which is a mountain chain in Jujuy, where T. peruviana does occur (Fig. 3), but without more specific locality data in the collection record , which does not allow to locate the exact collection site in the map. Acknowledgements We are grateful to Emanuel Luna Toledo for the photographs of the specimen from Cueva de Logro?o, to Demi?n Slodki who helped us with the collection data of MCN and IBIGEO; and to Pablo Pereyra for drawing the maps. Also, we would like to thank J. Faivovich (MACN), E. Lavilla and S. Kretzschmar (FML), for the permissions to revise the collections at their care. Authors? Contributions GAG, SJN and GJS collected the data, wrote, and reviewed the text. Aparicio J ( 1994 ) Herpetofauna: Anfibios y Reptiles . In: de Morales CB (Ed) Huaraco, Comunidad de la Puna. Instituto de Ecolog?aUniversidad Mayor de San Andr?s, La Paz, 115 - 125 . Cabrera MP , Stazzonelli JC , Scrocchi GJ ( 2017 ) Sapos, ranas , lagartijas y serpientes de los Valles Calchaqu?es (Catamarca, Tucum?n y Salta, Argentina). Serie Conservaci?n de la Naturaleza 23 . Fundaci?n Miguel Lillo, Tucum?n, Argentina, 108 pp. Cabrera AL , Willink A ( 1980 ) Biogeograf?a de Am?rica Latina . OEA, Serie Biolog?a , Monograf?a 13 : 1 - 122 . Cei JM ( 1993 ) Reptiles del noroeste , nordeste y este de la Argentina. Bolletino Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monografie 4 : 1 - 949 . Demangel D ( 2016 ) Reptiles en Chile . Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, Chile, 619 pp. Giraudo A , Scrocchi GJ ( 2002 ) Argentinean snakes: an annotated checklist . Smithsonian Herpetological Information Service 132 : 1 - 53 Giraudo AR , Vidoz F , Arzamendia V , Nenda SJ ( 2012a) Distribution and natural history notes on Tachymenis chilensis chilensis (Schlegel, 1837 ) (Reptilia: Serpentes: Dipsadidae) in Argentina . Check List 8 ( 5 ): 919 - 923 . http://doi.org/10.15560/8.5. 919 Giraudo A , Arzamendia V , Bellini GP , Bessa CA , Calamante CC , Cardozo G , Chiaraviglio M , Costanzo MB , Etchepare E , Di Cola V , Di Pietro D , Kretzschmar S , Palomas S , Nenda SJ , Rivera P , Rodr?- guez ME , Scrocchi GJ , Williams JD ( 2012b ) Categorizaci?n del estado de conservaci?n de las Serpientes de la Rep?blica Argentina. Cuadernos de Herpetologia 26 ( Supl . 1): 303 - 326 . Gonz?lez JA ( 2005 ) Los ambientes naturales en ?reas monta?osas del Noroeste Argentino (NOA), su interrelaci?n con pa?ses lim?trofes y su necesidad de protecci?n, recuperaci?n y conservaci?n . Serie Conservaci?n de la Naturaleza 15 . Fundaci?n Miguel Lillo, Tucum?n, Argentina, 28 pp. IUCN ( 2018 ) Red List of Threatened Species . Version 2017 ?3. http:// www.iucnredlist.org. Accessed on: 2018 -05-22. 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Fundaci?n Miguel Lillo, Tucum?n, Argentina, 173 pp. Ter?n EMT ( 1988 ) Estudios sobre el status taxon?mico y distribuci?n ecogeogr?fica de Tachymenis peruviana Wiegmann (Serpentes: Colubridae) en el noroeste argentino . Bolet?n Asociaci?n Herpetol?gica Argentina 4 ( 2 -3): 14 . Wallach V , Williams KM , Boundy J ( 2014 ) Snakes of the World. A Catalogue of the Living and Extinct Species . Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, Florida, USA. 1227 pp. Williams JD , Scrocchi GJ ( 1994 ) Ofidios de agua dulce de la Rep?blica Argentina . In: Castellanos ZA (Ed) Fauna de agua dulce de la Rep?blica Argentina 42 : 1 - 55 .


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Gabriela A. Gallardo, Santiago J. Nenda, Gustavo J. Scrocchi Manfrini. Tachymenis peruviana Wiegmann, 1834 (Serpentes, Dipsadidae) in Argentina: geographic distribution and a new province record, Check List, 2019, 7-12, DOI: doi:10.15560/15.1.7